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Showing posts from April, 2021

Constitution Of India Article 31A - Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc

 Description (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in article 13, no law providing for: (a) the acquisition by the State of any estate or of any rights therein or the extinguishment or modification of any such rights, or (b) the taking over of the management of any property by the State for a limited period either in the public interest or in order to secure the proper management of the property, or (c) the amalgamation of two or more corporations either in the public interest or in order to secure the proper management of any of the corporations, or (d) the extinguishment or modification of any rights of managing agents, secretaries and treasurers, managing directors, directors or managers of corporations, or of any voting rights of shareholders thereof, or (e) the extinguishment or modification of any rights accruing by virtue of any agreement, lease or licence for the purpose of searching for, or winning, any mineral or mineral oil, or the premature termination or cancellation of a

Constitution Of India Article 31 - Repealed

 Description [Compulsory acquisition of property.] Rep. by the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978, s.6 (w.e.f. 20-6-1979).

Constitution Of India Article 30-1 - Subarticle 1 of Article 30

 Description All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Constitution Of India Article 30 - Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions

 Description (1) All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. [1](1A) In making any law providing for the compulsory acquisition of any property of an educational institution established and administered by a minority, referred to in clause (1), the State shall ensure that the amount fixed by or determined under such law for the acquisition of such property is such as would not restrict or abrogate the right guaranteed under that clause. (2) The State shall not, in granting aid to educational institutions, discriminate against any educational institution on the ground that it is under the management of a minority, whether based on religion or language. ----- 1. Ins. by the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978, s.4 (w.e.f. 20-6-1979).

Constitution Of India Article 29-2 - Subarticle 2 of Article 29

 Description No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.

Constitution Of India Article 29-1 - Subarticle 1 of Article 29

 Description Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same

Constitution Of India Article 29 - Protection of interests of minorities

 Description (1) Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same. (2) No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.

Constitution Of India Article 28 - Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions

 Description (1) No religious instruction shall be provided in any educational institution wholly maintained out of State funds. (2) Nothing in clause (1) shall apply to an educational institution which is administered by the State but has been established under any endowment or trust which requires that religious instruction shall be imparted in such institution. (3) No person attending any educational institution recognised by the State or receiving aid out of State funds shall be required to take part in any religious instruction that may be imparted in such institution or to attend any religious worship that may be conducted in such institution or in any premises attached thereto unless such person or, if such person is a minor, his guardian has given his consent thereto.

Constitution Of India Article 27 - Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion

 Description No person shall be compelled to pay any taxes, the proceeds of which are specifically appropriated in payment of expenses for the promotion or maintenance of any particular religion or religious denomination.

Constitution Of India Article 26 - Freedom to manage religious affairs

 Description Subject to public order, morality and health, every religious denomination or any section thereof shall have the right: (a) to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes; (b) to manage its own affairs in matters of religion; (c) to own and acquire movable and immovable property; and (d) to administer such property in accordance with law.

Constitution Of India Article 25 - Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion

 Description (1) Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part, all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practise and propagate religion. (2) Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State from making any law: (a) regulating or restricting any economic, financial, political or other secular activity which may be associated with religious practice; (b) providing for social welfare and reform or the throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of Hindus. Explanation I- The wearing and carrying of kirpans shall be deemed to be included in the profession of the Sikh religion. Explanation II- In sub-clause (b) of clause (2), the reference to Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jaina or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be

Constitution Of India Article 24 - Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc

 Description No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.

Constitution Of India Article 23 - Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour

 Description (1) Traffic in human beings and begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law. (2) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from imposing compulsory service for public purposes, and in imposing such service the State shall not make any discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste or class or any of them.

Constitution Of India Article 22 - Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases

 Description (1) No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed, as soon as may be, of the grounds for such arrest nor shall he be denied the right to consult, and to be defended by, a legal practitioner of his choice. (2) Every person who is arrested and detained in custody shall be produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of twenty-four hours of such arrest excluding the time necessary for the journey from the place of arrest to the court of the magistrate and no such person shall be detained in custody beyond the said period without the authority of a magistrate. (3) Nothing in clauses (1) and (2) shall apply: (a) to any person who for the time being is an enemy alien; or (b) to any person who is arrested or detained under any law providing for preventive detention. (4) No law providing for preventive detention shall authorise the detention of a person for a longer period than three months unless: (a) an Advisory Board consisting of perso

Constitution Of India Article 21A - Right to education

 Description The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine. ----- 1. Ins by the Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002, s.2 (w.e.f. 1-4-2010).

Constitution Of India Article 21 - Protection of life and personal liberty

 Description No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.

Constitution Of India Article 20-3 - Subarticle 3 of Article 20

 Description No person accused of any offence shall be compelled to be a witness against himself.

Constitution Of India Article 20-1 - Subarticle 1 of Article 20

 Description No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of a law in force at the time of the commission of the Act charged as an offence, nor be subjected to a penalty greater than that which might have been inflicted under the law in force at the time of the commission of the offence.

Constitution Of India Article 20 - Protection in respect of conviction for offences

 Description (1) No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of a law in force at the time of the commission of the Act charged as an offence, nor be subjected to a penalty greater than that which might have been inflicted under the law in force at the time of the commission of the offence. (2) No person shall be prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once. (3) No person accused of any offence shall be compelled to be a witness against himself.

Constitution Of India Article 19-2 - Subarticle 2 of Article 19

 Description Nothing in sub-clause(a) of clause(1) shall affect the operation of any existing law, or prevent the State from making any law, in so far as such law imposes reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub-clause in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence.

Constitution Of India Article 19-1G - Subarticle 1G of Article 19

 Description To practise any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.

Constitution Of India Article 19-1B - Subarticle 1B of Article 19

Description To assemble peaceably and without arms  

Constitution Of India Article 19-1A - Subarticle 1A of Article 19

 Description To freedom of speech and expression

Constitution Of India Article 19 - Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.

 Description (1) All citizens shall have the right (a) to freedom of speech and expression; (b) to assemble peaceably and without arms; (c) to form associations or unions or [7]co-operative societies; (d) to move freely throughout the territory of India; (e) to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India; [3]and[4] (g) to practise any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business. [1](2) Nothing in sub-clause(a) of clause(1) shall affect the operation of any existing law, or prevent the State from making any law, in so far as such law imposes reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub-clause in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence. (3) Nothing in sub-clause(b) of the said clause shall affect the operation of any existing law in s

Constitution Of India Article 18 - Abolition of titles

 Description (1) No title, not being a military or academic distinction, shall be conferred by the State. (2) No citizen of India shall accept any title from any foreign State. (3) No person who is not a citizen of India shall, while he holds any office of profit or trust under the State, accept without the consent of the President any title from any foreign State. (4) No person holding any office of profit or trust under the State shall, without the consent of the President, accept any present, emolument, or office of any kind from or under any foreign State

Constitution Of India Article 17 - Abolition of UntouchabilitY

Description "Untouchability" is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of "Untouchability" shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.

Constitution Of India Article 16-4B - Subarticle 4B of Article 16

 Description Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from considering any unfilled vacancies of a year which are reserved for being filled up in that year in accordance with any provision for reservation made under clause (4) or clause (4A) as a separate class of vacancies to be filled up in any succeeding year or years and such class of vacancies shall not be considered together with the vacancies of the year in which they are being filled up for determining the ceiling of fifty per cent. reservation on total number of vacancies of that year.

Constitution Of India Article 16-4A - Subarticle 4A of Article 16

 Description Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for reservation in matters of promotion, with consequential seniority, to any class[3] or classes of posts in the services under the State in favour of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes which, in the opinion of the State, are not adequately represented in the services under the State.

Constitution Of India Article 16-4 - Subarticle 4 of Article 16

 Description Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State. (4A) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for reservation in matters of promotion, with consequential seniority, to any class[3] or classes of posts in the services under the State in favour of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes which, in the opinion of the State, are not adequately represented in the services under the State. (4B) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from considering any unfilled vacancies of a year which are reserved for being filled up in that year in accordance with any provision for reservation made under clause (4) or clause (4A) as a separate class of vacancies to be filled up in any succeeding year or years and such class of vacancie

Constitution Of India Article 16 - Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment

 Description (1) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State. (2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect of, any employment or office under the State. (3) Nothing in this article shall prevent Parliament from making any law prescribing, in regard to a class or classes of employment or appointment to an office under the Government of, or any local or other authority within, a State or Union territory, any requirement as to residence within that State or Union territory[1] prior to such employment or appointment. (4) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the S

Constitution Of India Article 15-5 - Subarticle 5 of Article 15

 Description Nothing in this article or in sub-clause(g) of clause(1) of article 19 shall prevent the State from making any special provision, by law, for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes in so far as such special provisions relate to their admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the State, other than the minority educational institutions referred to in clause(1) of article 30.

Constitution Of India Article 15-4 - Subarticle 4 of Article 15

 Description Nothing in this article or in clause(2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

Constitution Of India Article 15-4 - Subarticle 4 of Article 15

 Description Nothing in this article or in clause(2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

Constitution Of India Article 15-3 - Subarticle 3 of Article 15

 Description Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children.

Constitution Of India Article 15 - Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth

 Description (1) The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. (2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to- (a) access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment; or (b) the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public. (3) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children. [1](4) Nothing in this article or in clause(2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. (5) Nothing in this article or in sub-clause(

Constitution Of India Article 14 - Equality before law

 Description The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.

Constitution Of India Article 13 - Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights

 Description (1) All laws in force in the territory of India immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, in so far as they are inconsistent with the provisions of this Part, shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, be void. (2) The State shall not make any law which takes away or abridges the rights conferred by this Part and any law made in contravention of this clause shall, to the extent of the contravention, be void. (3) In this article, unless the context otherwise requires, (a) law includes any Ordinance, order, bye-law, rule, regulation, notification, custom or usage having in the territory of India the force of law; (b) laws in force includes laws passed or made by a Legislature or other competent authority in the territory of India before the commencement of this Constitution and not previously repealed, notwithstanding that any such law or any part thereof may not be then in operation either at all or in particular areas. [1](4) Nothing in this article shall

Constitution Of India Article 12 - Definition

 Description In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, the State includes the Government and Parliament of India and the Government and the Legislature of each of the States and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India

Constitution Of India Article 11 - Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law

 Description Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this Part shall derogate from the power of Parliament to make any provision with respect to the acquisition and termination of citizenship and all other matters relating to citizenship.

Constitution Of India Article 10 - Continuance of the rights of citizenship

 Description No person shall be a citizen of India by virtue of article 5, or be deemed to be a citizen of India by virtue of article 6 or article 8, if he has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign State.

Constitution Of India Article 9 - Persons voluntarily acquiring citizenship of a foreign State not to be citizens

 Description No person shall be a citizen of India by virtue of article 5, or be deemed to be a citizen of India by virtue of article 6 or article 8, if he has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign State.

Constitution Of India Article 8 - Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside India

 Description Notwithstanding anything in article 5, any person who or either of whose parents or any of whose grand-parents was born in India as defined in the Government of India Act, 1935 (as originally enacted), and who is ordinarily residing in any country outside India as so defined shall be deemed to be a citizen of India if he has been registered as a citizen of India by the diplomatic or consular representative of India in the country where he is for the time being residing on an application made by him therefor to such diplomatic or consular representative, whether before or after the commencement of this Constitution, in the form and manner prescribed by the Government of the Dominion of India or the Government of India.

Constitution Of India Article 7 - Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan

 Description Notwithstanding anything in articles 5 and 6, a person who has after the first day of March, 1947, migrated from the territory of India to the territory now included in Pakistan shall not be deemed to be a citizen of India: Provided that nothing in this article shall apply to a person who, after having so migrated to the territory now included in Pakistan, has returned to the territory of India under a permit for resettlement or permanent return issued by or under the authority of any law and every such person shall for the purposes of clause (b) of article 6 be deemed to have migrated to the territory of India after the nineteenth day of July, 1948.

Constitution Of India Article 6 - Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan

 Description Notwithstanding anything in article 5, a person who has migrated to the territory of India from the territory now included in Pakistan shall be deemed to be a citizen of India at the commencement of this Constitution if: (a) he or either of his parents or any of his grand-parents was born in India as defined in the Government of India Act, 1935 (as originally enacted); and (b) (i) in the case where such person has so migrated before the nineteenth day of July, 1948, he has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India since the date of his migration, or (ii) in the case where such person has so migrated on or after the nineteenth day of July, 1948, he has been registered as a citizen of India by an officer appointed in that behalf by the Government of the Dominion of India on an application made by him therefore to such officer before the commencement of this Constitution in the form and manner prescribed by that Government: Provided that no person shall be so registe

Constitution Of India Article 5 - Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution

 Description At the commencement of this Constitution, every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and: (a) who was born in the territory of India; or (b) either of whose parents was born in the territory of India; or (c) who has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately preceding such commencement, shall be a citizen of India.

Constitution Of India Article 4 - Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters

 Description (1) Any law referred to in article 2 or article 3 shall contain such provisions for the amendment of the First Schedule and the Fourth Schedule as may be necessary to give effect to the provisions of the law and may also contain such supplemental, incidental and consequential provisions (including provisions as to representation in Parliament and in the Legislature or Legislatures of the State or States affected by such law) as Parliament may deem necessary. (2) No such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368.

Constitution Of India Article 3 - Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States

 Description (1) India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. [1](2) The States and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule. (3) The territory of India shall comprise: (a) the territories of the States; [2](b) the Union territories specified in the First Schedule; and (c) such other territories as may be acquired. 1. Subs. by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, s.2, for cl.(2). 2. Subs. by s.2, ibid., for subclause (b).Parliament may by law: (a)form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State; (b) increase the area of any State; (c) diminish the area of any State; (d) alter the boundaries of any State; (e) alter the name of any State: Provided that no Bill for the purpose shall be introduced in either House of Parliament except on the recommendation of the President and unless, where the proposal contained in the Bill affects the

Constitution Of India Article 2 - Admission or establishment of new States

 Description Admission or establishment of new States

Constitution Of India Article 1 - Name and territory of the Union

 Description (1) India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. [1](2) The States and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule. (3) The territory of India shall comprise: (a) the territories of the States; [2](b) the Union territories specified in the First Schedule; and (c) such other territories as may be acquired. ----- 1. Subs. by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, s.2, for cl.(2). 2. Subs. by s.2, ibid., for sub-clause (b).

Constitution Of India - Preamble

 Constitution Of India - PreambleDescription WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 25 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Assistant Public Prosecutors

 Description The State Government shall appoint in every district one or more Assistant public Prosecutors for conducting prosecutions in the Courts of Magistrates. 1A. The Central Government may appoint one or more Assistant Public Prosecutors for the purpose of conducting any case or class of cases in the Courts of Magistrates. Save as otherwise provided in Sub-Section (3), no police officer shall be eligible to be appointed as an Assistant Public Prosecutor. Where no Assistant Public Prosecutor is available for the purposes of any particular case, the District Magistrate may appoint any other person to be the Assistant Public Prosecutor in charge of that case; Provided that a police officer shall not be so appointed? if he has taken any part in the investigation into the offence with respect to which the accused is being prosecuted; or if he is below the rank of Inspector.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 24 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Public Prosecutors

 Description For every High Court, the Central Government or the State Government shall, after consultation with the High Court, appoint a Public Prosecutor and may also appoint one or more Additional Public Prosecutor, for conducting in such Court, any prosecution, appeal or other proceeding on behalf of the Central Government or State Government, as the case may be. The Central Government may appoint one or more Public Prosecutors for the purpose of conducting any case or class of cases in any district, or local area. For every district, the State Government shall appoint a Public Prosecutor and may also appoint one or more Additional Public Prosecutors for the district; Provided that the Public Prosecutor or Additional Public Prosecutor appointed for one district may be appointed also to be a Public Prosecutor or an Additional Public Prosecutor, as the case may be, for another district. The District Magistrate shall, in consultation with the Sessions Judge, prepare a panel of names

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 23 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Subordination of Executive Magistrates

 Description All Executive Magistrates, other than the Additional District Magistrate, shall be subordinate to the District Magistrate, and every Executive Magistrate (other than the Sub-divisional Magistrate) exercising powers in a sub-division shall also be subordinate to the Sub-divisional Magistrate, subject, however, to the general control of the District Magistrate. The District Magistrate may, from time to time, make rules or give special orders, consistent with this Code, as to the distribution of business among the Executive Magistrates subordinate to him and as to the allocation of business to an Additional District Magistrate.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 22 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Local Jurisdiction of Executive Magistrates

 Description Subject to the control of the State Government, the District Magistrate may, from time to time, define the local limits of the areas within which the Executive Magistrates may exercise all or any of the powers with which they may be invested under this Code. Except as otherwise provided by such definition, the jurisdiction and powers of every such Magistrate shall extend throughout the district.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 21 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Special Executive Magistrates

 Description The state Government may appoint, for such term as it may think fit, Executive Magistrates, to be known as Special Executive Magistrates for particular areas or for the performance of particular functions and confer on such Special Executive Magistrates such of the powers as are conferrable under this Code on Executive Magistrate, as it may deem fit.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 18 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Special Metropolitan Magistrates

 Description The High Court may, if requested by any Central or State Government so to do, confer upon any person who holds or has held any post under the Government, all or any of the powers conferred or conferrable by or under this Code on a Metropolitan Magistrate, in respect to particular cases or to particular classes of cases in any metropolitan area within its local jurisdiction; Provided that no such power shall be conferred on a person unless he possesses such qualification or experience in relation to legal affairs as the High Court may, by rules, specify. Such Magistrates shall be called Special Metropolitan Magistrates and shall be appointed for such term, not exceeding one year at a time, as the High Court may, by general or special order, direct. The High Court or the State Government, as the case may be, may empower any Special Metropolitan Magistrate to exercise, in any local area outside the metropolitan area, the powers of a Judicial Magistrate of the first class. Cli

NDIAN KANOON SECTION 17 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Chief Metropolitan Magistrate and Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate

 Description The High Court shall, in relation to every metropolitan area within its local jurisdiction, appoint a Metropolitan Magistrate to be the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate for such metropolitan area. The High Court may appoint any Metropolitan Magistrate to be an Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, and such Magistrate shall have all or any of the powers of a Chief Metropolitan Magistrate under this Code or under any other law for the time being in force as the High Court may direct.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 19 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Subordination of Metropolitan Magistrates

 Description The Chief Metropolitan Magistrate and every Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate shall be subordinate to the Sessions Judge, and every other Metropolitan Magistrate shall, subject to the general control of the Sessions Judge, be subordinate to the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate. The High Court may, for the purposes of this Code, define the extent of the subordination if any, of the Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrates to the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate. The Chief Metropolitan Magistrate may, from time to time, make rules or give special orders, consistent with this Code, as to the distribution of business among the Metropolitan Magistrates and as to the allocation of business to an Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 18 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Special Metropolitan Magistrates

 Description The High Court may, if requested by any Central or State Government so to do, confer upon any person who holds or has held any post under the Government, all or any of the powers conferred or conferrable by or under this Code on a Metropolitan Magistrate, in respect to particular cases or to particular classes of cases in any metropolitan area within its local jurisdiction; Provided that no such power shall be conferred on a person unless he possesses such qualification or experience in relation to legal affairs as the High Court may, by rules, specify. Such Magistrates shall be called Special Metropolitan Magistrates and shall be appointed for such term, not exceeding one year at a time, as the High Court may, by general or special order, direct. The High Court or the State Government, as the case may be, may empower any Special Metropolitan Magistrate to exercise, in any local area outside the metropolitan area, the powers of a Judicial Magistrate of the first class.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 16 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Courts of Metropolitan Magistrates

 Description In every metropolitan area, there shall be established as many Courts of Description In every metropolitan area, there shall be established as many Courts of Metropolitan Magistrates, and at such places, as the State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, by notification, specify. The presiding officers of such Courts shall be appointed by the High Court. The jurisdiction and powers of every Metropolitan Magistrate shall extend throughout the metropolitan area.Metropolitan Magistrates, and at such places, as the State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, by notification, specify. The presiding officers of such Courts shall be appointed by the High Court. The jurisdiction and powers of every Metropolitan Magistrate shall extend throughout the metropolitan area.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 15 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Subordination of Judicial Magistrates Description

 Every Chief Judicial Magistrate shall be subordinate to the Sessions Judge; and every other Judicial Magistrate shall, subject to the general control of the Sessions Judge, be subordinate to the Chief Judicial Magistrate. The Chief Judicial Magistrate may, from time to time, make rules or give special orders, consistent with this Code, as to the distribution of business among the Judicial Magistrates subordinate to him.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 14 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Local Jurisdiction of Judicial Magistrates

 Description Subject to the control of the High Court, the Chief Judicial Magistrate may, from time to time, define the local limits of the areas within which the Magistrates appointed under section 11 or under section 13 may exercise all or any of the powers with which they may respectively be invested under this Code; Provided that the Court of a Special Judicial Magistrate may hold its sitting at any place within the local area for which it is established. Except as otherwise provided by such definition, the jurisdiction and powers of every such Magistrate shall extend throughout the district. Where the local jurisdiction of a Magistrate, appointed under section 11 or section 13 or section 18, extends to an area beyond the district, or the metropolitan area, as the case may be, in which he ordinarily holds Court, any reference in this Code to the Court of Session, Chief Judicial Magistrate or the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate shall, in relation to such Magistrate, throughout the are

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 13 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Special Judicial Magistrates

 Description The High Court may, if requested by the Central or State Government so to do, confer upon any person who holds or has held any post under the Government all or any of the powers conferred or conferrable by or under this Code on a Judicial Magistrate[ of the first class or of the second class, in respect to particular cases or to particular classes of cases, in any local area, not being a metropolitan area; Provided that no such power shall be conferred on a person unless he possesses such qualification or experience in relation to legal affairs as the High Court may, by rules, specify. Such Magistrates shall be called Special Judicial Magistrates and shall be appointed for such term, not exceeding one year at a time, as the High Court may, by general or special order, direct. The High Court may empower a Special Judicial Magistrate to exercise the powers of a Metropolitan Magistrate in relation to any metropolitan area outside his local jurisdiction.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 12 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Chief Judicial Magistrate and Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate, etc.

 Description In every district (not being a metropolitan area), the High Court shall appoint a Judicial Magistrate of the first class to the Chief Judicial Magistrate. The High Court may appoint any Judicial Magistrate of the first class to be an Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate, and such Magistrate shall have all or any of the powers of a Chief Judicial Magistrate under this Code or under any other law for the time being in force as the High Court may direct. ? The High Court may designate any Judicial Magistrate of the first class in any sub-division as the Sub-divisional Judicial Magistrate and relieve him of the responsibilities specified in this section as occasion requires. Subject to the general control of the Chief Judicial Magistrate, every Sub-divisional Judicial Magistrate shall also have and exercise, such powers of supervision and control over the work of the Judicial Magistrates (other than Additional Chief Judicial Magistrates) in the sub-division as the High Court m

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 11 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Courts of Judicial Magistrates

 Description In every district (not being a metropolitan area), there shall be established as many Courts of Judicial Magistrates of the first class and of the second class, and at such places, as the State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, by notification, specify; Provided that the State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, establish, for any local area, one or more Special Courts of Judicial Magistrate of the first class or of the second class to try any particular case or particular class of cases, and where any such Special Court is established, no other Court of Magistrate in the local area shall have jurisdiction to try any case or class of cases for the trial of which such Special Court of Judicial Magistrate has been established. The presiding officers of such Courts shall be appointed by the High Courts. The High Court may, whenever it appears to it to be expedient or necessary, confer the powers of a Judicial Magistrate of the first c

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 10 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Subordination of Assistant Sessions Judges

 Description All Assistant Sessions Judges shall be subordinate to the Sessions Judge in whose Court they exercise jurisdiction. The Sessions Judges may, from time to time, make rules consistent with this Code, as to the distribution of business among such Assistant Sessions Judges. The Sessions Judge may also make provision for the disposal of any urgent application, in the event of his absence or inability to act, by an Additional or Assistant Sessions Judge, or, if there be no Additional or Assistant Sessions Judge, by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, and every such Judge or Magistrate shall be deemed to have jurisdiction to deal with any such application.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 9 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Court of Session

 Description The State Government shall establish a Court of Session for every sessions division. Every Court of Session shall be presided over by a Judge, to be appointed by the High Court. The High Court may also appoint Additional Sessions Judges and Assistant Sessions Judges to exercise jurisdiction in a Court of Session. The Sessions Judge of one sessions division may be appointed by the High Court to be also an Additional Sessions Judge of another division, and in such case he may sit for the disposal of cases at such place or places in the other division as the High Court may direct. Where the office of the Sessions Judge is vacant, the High Court may make arrangements for the disposal of any urgent application which is, or may be, made or pending before such Court of Session by an Additional or Assistant Sessions Judge, or, if there be no Additional or Assistant Sessions Judge, by a Chief Judicial Magistrate, in the sessions division; and every such Judge or Magistrate shall ha

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 8 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Metropolitan areas

 Description The State Government may, by notification, declare that, as from such date as may be specified in the notification, any area in the State comprising a city or town whose population exceeds one million shall be a metropolitan area for the purposes of this Code. As from the commencement of this Code, each of the Presidency-towns of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras and the city of Ahmedabad shall be deemed to be declared under Sub-Section (1) to be a metropolitan area. The State Government may, by notification, extend, reduce or alter the limits of a metropolitan area but the reduction or alteration shall not be so made as to reduce the population of such area to less than one million. Where, after an area has been declared, or deemed to have been declared to be, a metropolitan area, the population of such area falls below one million, such area shall, on and from such date as the State Government may, by notification, specify in this behalf, cease to be a metropolitan area; but n

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 7 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Territorial divisions

 Description Every State shall be a sessions division or shall consist of sessions divisions; and every sessions division shall, for the purposes of this Code, be a district or consist of districts; Provided that every metropolitan area shall, for the said purposes, be a separate sessions division and district. The State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, alter the limits or the number of such divisions and districts. The State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, divide any district into sub-divisions and may alter the limits or the number of such sub-divisions. The sessions divisions, districts and sub-divisions existing in a State at the commencement of this Code, shall be deemed to have been formed under this section.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 6 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Classes of Criminal Courts

 Description Besides the High Courts and the Courts constituted under any law, other than this Code, there shall be, in every State, the following classes of Criminal Courts, namely; Courts of Session; Judicial Magistrate of the first class and, in any Metropolitan area, Metropolitan Magistrate; Judicial Magistrate of the second class; and Executive Magistrates.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 5 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Saving

 Description Nothing contained in this Code shall, in the absence of a specific provision to the contrary, affect any special or local law for the time being in force, or any special jurisdiction or power conferred, or any special form of procedure prescribed, by any other law for the time being in force.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 4 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Trial of offences under the Indian Penal Code and other laws

 Description All offences under the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) shall be investigated, inquired into, tried, and otherwise dealt with according to the provisions hereinafter contained. All offences under any other law shall be investigated, inquired into, tried, and otherwise dealt with according to the same provisions, but subject to any enactment for the lime being in force regulating the manner or place of investigating, inquiring into, trying or otherwise dealing with such offences.

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 3 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Construction of references

 Description In this Code; any reference, without any qualifying words, to a Magistrate shall be construed, unless the context otherwise requires; in relation to an area outside a metropolitan area, as a reference to a Judicial Magistrate; in relation to a metropolitan area, as a reference to a Metropolitan Magistrate; any reference to a Magistrate of the second class shall, in relation to an area outside a metropolitan area, be construed as a reference to a Judicial Magistrate of the second class, and, in relation to a Metropolitan area, as a reference to a Metropolitan Magistrate; any reference to a Magistrate of the first class shall; in relation to a Metropolitan area, be construed as a reference to a Metropolitan Magistrate exercising jurisdiction in that area; in relation to any other area, be construed as a reference to a Judicial Magistrate of the first class exercising jurisdiction in that area; any reference to the Chief Judicial Magistrate shall, in relation to a Metropolita

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 2 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Definitions

 Description In this Code, unless the context otherwise requires; "bailable offence" means an offence which is shown as bailable in the First Schedule, or which is made bailable by any other law for the time being in force; and "non-bailable offence" means any other offence; "charge" includes any head of charge when the charge contains more heads than one; "cognizable offence" means an offence for which, and "cognizable case" means a case in which, a police officer may, in accordance with the First Schedule or under any other law for the time being in force, arrest without warrant; "complaint" means any allegation made orally or in writing to a Magistrate, with a view to his taking action under this Code, that some person, whether known or unknown, has committed an offence, but does not include a police report. "High Court" means; in relation to any Stale, the High Court for that State; in relation to a Union territo

INDIAN KANOON SECTION 1 CrPC - Code of Criminal Procedure - Short title, extent and commencement

 Description This Act may be called the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir; provided that the provisions of this Code, other than those relating to Chapters VIII, X and XI thereof, shall not apply? to the State of Nagaland, to the tribal areas but the concerned State Government may, by notification apply such provisions or any of them to the whole or part of the State of Nagaland or such tribal areas, as the case may be, with such supplemental, incidental or consequential modifications, as may be specified in the notification. It shall come into force on the 1st day of April, 1974.

Section 144 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Application for restitution..

 Section 144 CPC Description (1) Where and in so far as a decree 1[or an Order] is 2[varied or reversed in any appeal, revision or other proceedings or is set aside or modified in any suit instituted for the purpose the Court which passed the decree or Order] shall, on the application of any party entitled to any benefit by way of restitution or otherwise, cause such restitution to be made as will, so far as may be, place the parties in the position which they would have occupied but for such decree 1[or Order] or 3[such part thereof as has been varied, reversed, set aside or modified], and, for this purpose, the Court may make any Orders, including Orders for the refund of costs and for the payment of interest, damages, compensation and mesne profits, which are properly 4[consequential on such variation, reversal, setting aside or modification of the decree or Order.] 5[Explanation.-For the purposes of sub-section (1) the expression "Court which passed the decree or Order" s

Section 143 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Postage.

 Section 143 CPC Description Postage, where chargeable on a notice, summons or letter issued under this Code and forwarded by post, and the fee for registering the same, shall be paid within a time to be fixed before the communications made : Provided that the State Government 1[***] may remit such postage, or fee, or both, or may prescribe a scale of court-fees to be levied in lieu thereof. 1. The words "with the previous sanction of the G.G. in C." omitted by Act 38 of 1920, sed. 2 and Sch. I..

Section 142 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Orders and notices to be in writing.

Section 142 CPC Description All Orders and notices served on or given to any person under the provisions of this Code shall be in writing. 

Section 141 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Miscellaneous proceedings.

 Section 141 CPC Description The procedure provided in this Code in regard to suit shall be followed, as far as it can be made applicable, in all proceedings in any Court of civil jurisdiction. 1[Explanation.-In this section, the expression "proceedings" includes proceedings under Order IX, but does not include any proceeding under Article 226 of the Constitution.] 1. Ins. by Act No. 104 of 1976, sec. 47 (w.e.f. 1-2-1977).

Section 140 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Assessors in causes of salvage etc.

 Section 140 CPC Description (1) In any admiralty or vice-admiralty cause of salvage, towage or collision, the Court, whether it be exercising its original or its appellate jurisdiction may, if it thinks fit, and shall upon request of either party to such cause, summon to its assistance, in such manner as it may direct or as may be prescribed, two competent assessors; and such assessors shall attend and assist accordingly. (2) Every such assessor shall receive such fees for his attendance, to be paid by such of the parties as the Court may direct or as may be prescribed.

Section 139 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Oath on affidavit by whom to be administered.

 Section 139 CPC Description In the case of any affidavit under this Code- (a) any Court or Magistrate, or 1[(aa) any notary appointed under the Notaries Act, 1952 (53 of 1952); or] (b) any officer or other person whom a High Court may appoint in this behalf, or (c) any officer appointed by any other Court which the State Government has generally or specially empowered in this behalf, may administer the oath to the deponent. STATE AMENDMENT Uttar Pradesh-(i) for clause (b) of section 139 substitute: "(b) any person appointed in this behalf by a High Court or by a district court; or" (ii) for clause (c) of section 139 substitute: "(c) any person appointed in this behalf by such other court as the State Govt. may, by general or special Order, empower in this behalf." [Vide U.P. Act No. 11 of 1981, sec. 2 ]. 1. Ins. by Act No. 104 of 1976, sec. 46 (w.e.f. 1-2-1977).

Section 138 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Power of High Court to require evidence to be recorded in English.

 Section 138 CPC Description 1 (1) The 2[High Court] may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct with respect to any Judge specified in the notification, or falling under a description set forth therein, that evidence in cases in which an appeal is allowed shall be taken down by him in the English language and in manner prescribed. (2) Where a Judge is prevented by any sufficient reason from complying with a direction under sub-section (1), he shall record the reason and cause the evidence to be taken down in writing from his dictation in open Court. STATE AMENDMENTS Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Tripura and Manipur-For section 138, substitute the following section:- "138. Power of High Court to require evidence to be record in English.- The High Court may, by notification, in the Official Gazette, direct with respect to any Judge specified in the notification, or falling under a description set forth therein that in cases in which an appeal is allowed, he shall take down,

Section 137 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Language of subordinate Courts.

 Section 137 CPC Description (1) The language which, on the commencement of this Code, is the language of any Court subordinate to a High Court shall continue to be the language of such subordinate Court until the State Government otherwise directs. (2) The State Government may declare what shall be the language of any such Court and in what character applications to and proceedings in such Court shall be written. (3) Where this Court requires or allows anything other than the recording of evidence to be done in writing in any such Court, such writing may be in English; but if any party or his pleader is unacquainted with English a translation into the language of the Court shall, at his request, be supplied to him; and the Court shall make such Order as it thinks fit in respect of the payment of the costs of such translation. STATE AMENDMENTS Rajasthan-For sub-section (3) of section 137 substitute the following: "(3) Wherever the Code requires or allows anything other than the re

Section 136 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Procedure where person to be arrested or property to be attached is outside district.

 Section 136 CPC Description (1) Where an application is made that any person shall be arrested or that any property shall be attached under any provision of this Code not relating to the execution of decrees, and such person resides or such property is situate outside the local limits of the jurisdiction of the Court to which the application is made, the Court may, in its discretion, issue a warrant of arrest or make an Order of attachment, and send to the District Court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such person or property reside or is situate a copy of the warrant or Order, together with the probable amount of the costs of the arrest or attachment. (2) The District Court shall, on receipt of such copy and amount, cause the arrest or attachment to be made by its own officers, or by a Court subordinate to itself, and shall inform the Court which issued or made such warrant or Order of the arrest or attachment. (3) The Court making an arrest under this section shall sen

Section 135A CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Exemption of members of legislative bodies from arrest and detention under civil process.

 Section 135A CPC Description 1[ 2[(1) No person shall be liable to arrest or detention in prison under civil process- (a) if he is a member of- (i) either House of Parliament, or (ii) the legislative Assembly or Legislative Council of a State, or (iii) a Legislative Assembly of a Union territory, during the continuance of any meeting of such House of Parliament or, as the case may be, of the Legislative Assembly or the Legislative Council; (b) if he is a member of any committee of- (i) either House of Parliament, or (ii) the Legislative Assembly of a State or Union territory, or (iii) the Legislative Council of a State, during the continuance of any meeting of such committee; (c) if he is a member of- (i) either House of Parliament, or (ii) a Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council of a State having both such Houses, during the continuance of a joint sitting, meeting, conference or joint committee of the Houses of Parliament or Houses of the State Legislature, as the case may be,

Section 135 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Exemption from arrest under civil process.

Section 135 CPC Description (1) No Judge, Magistrate or other judicial officer shall be liable to arrest under civil process while going to, presiding in, or returning from his Court. (2) Where any matter is pending before a tribunal having jurisdiction therein, or believing in good faith that it has such jurisdiction, the parties thereto, their pleader, mukhtars, revenue-agents and recognized agents, and their witnesses acting in obedience to a summons, shall be exempt from arrest under civil process other than process issued by such tribunal for contempt of Court while going to or attending such tribunal for the purpose of such matter, and while returning from such tribunal. (3) Nothing in sub-section (2) shall enable a judgment-debtor to claim exemption from arrest under an Order for immediate execution or where such judgment-debtor attends to show cause why he should not be committed to person in execution of a decree.  

Section 134 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Arrest other than in execution of decree.

 Section 134 CPC Description The provisions of sections 55, 57 and 59 shall apply, so far as may be, to all persons arrested under this Code.

Section 133 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Exemption of other persons.

 Section 133 CPC Description 1[(1) The following persons shall be entitled to exemption from personal appearance in Court, namely- (i) the President of India; (ii) the Vice-President of India; (iii) the Speaker of the House of the People; (iv) the Ministers of the Union; (v) the Judges of the Supreme Court; (vi) the Governors of States and the administrators of Union Territories; (vii) the Speakers of the State Legislative Assemblies/ (viii) the Chairman of the State Legislative Councils; (ix) the Ministers of States; (x) the Judges of the High Courts; and (xi) the persons to whom section 87B applies.] 2[***] (3) Where any person 3[***] claims the privilege of such exemption, and it is consequently necessary to examine him by commission, he shall pay the costs of that commission, unless the party requiring his evidence pays such costs. 1. Subs. by Act No. 66 of 1956, sec. 12, for sub-section (1) (w.e.f. 1-1-1957). 2. Sub-section (2) omitted by Act No. 66 of 1956, sec. 12 (w.e.f. 1-1-19

Section 132 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Exemption of certain women from personal appearance.

 Section 132 CPC Description (1) Women who, according to the customs and manners of the country, ought not to be compelled to appear in public shall be exempt from personal appearance in Court. (2) Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to exempt such women from arrest in execution of civil process in any case in which the arrest of women is not prohibited by this Code.

Section 131 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Publication of rules.

 Section 131 CPC Description Rules made in accordance with section 129 or section 130 shall be published in the 1[Official Gazette] and shall from the date of publication or from such other date as may be specified have the force of law. 1. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for "Gazette of India or in the local Official Gazette, as the case may be". Strictly the substitution would read "Official Gazette or in the Official Gazette, as the case may be", but the latter words have been omitted as being redundant..

Section 130 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Powers of other High Court to make rules as to matters other than procedure.

Section 130 CPC Description 1[ A High Court 2[not being a High Court to which section 129 applies] may, with the previous approval of the State Government make with respect to any matter other than procedure any rule which a High Court 3[for a 4[***] State] might under 5[article 227 of the Constitution] make with respect to any such matter for any part of the territories under its jurisdiction which is not included within the limits of a presidency town.] 1. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for section 130. 2. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for "not constituted by His Majesty by Letters Patent". 3. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for "so constituted". 4. The word and letter "Part A" omitted by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956. 5. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for "section 224 of the Government of India Act, 1935".  

Section 129 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Power of High Court to make rules as to their original Civil Procedure.

 Section 129 CPC Description Notwithstanding anything in this Code, any High Court 1[not being the Court of a Judicial Commissioner] may make such rules not inconsistent with the Letters Patent 2[or Order] 3[or other law] establishing it to regulate its own procedure in the exercise of its original civil jurisdiction as it shall think fit, and nothing herein contained shall affect the validity of any such rules in force at the commencement of this Code. Comments Rules regulating procedure of High Court on its original side need not be consistent with provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908; Tridium India Telecom Ltd. v. Motorola Inc., AIR 2005 SC 514. 1. Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for "for a Part a State or a Part B State". 2. Ins. By the A.O. 1950. 3. Ins. By Act 2 of 1951, sec. 17 (w.e.f. 1-4-1951).

Section 128 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Matters for which rules may provide.

  Section 128 CPC Description (1) Such rules shall be not inconsistent with the provisions in the body of this Code, but, subject thereto, may provide for any matters relating to the procedure of Civil Courts. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the powers conferred by sub-section (1), such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely :- (a) the service of summons, notices and other processes by post or in any other manner either generally or in any specified areas, and the proof of such service; (b) the maintenance and custody, while under attachment, of live-stock and other movable property, the fees payable for such maintenance and custody, the sale of such live-stock and property and the proceeds of such sale; (c) procedure in suits by way of counterclaim and the valuation of such suits for the purposes of jurisdiction; (d) procedure in garnishee and charging Order either in addition to, or in substitution for, the attachment and sale

Section 127 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Publication of rules.

 Section 127 CPC Description Rules so made and 1[approved] shall be published in the 2[Official Gazette] and shall from the date of publication or from such other date as may be specified have the same force and effect, within the local limits of the jurisdiction of the High Court which made them, as if they had been contained in the First Schedule. 1. Subs. by Act 24 of 1917, sec. 2 and Sch. 1, for "sanctioned". 2. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for "Gazette of India or in the local Official Gazette, as the case may be". Strictly the substitution would read "Official Gazette or in the Official Gazette, as the case may be", but the latter words have been omitted as being redundant.

Section 126 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Rules to be subject to approval.

 Section 126 CPC Description 1[ Rules made under the foregoing provisions shall be subject to the previous approval of the Government of the State in which the Court whose procedure the rules regulate is situate or, if that Court is not situate in any State, to the previous approval of 2[Central Government].] ????? 1. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for section 126. 2. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for ?Governor General�.

Section 125 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Power of other High Courts to make rules.

 Section 125 CPC Description High Courts, other than the Courts specified in section 122, may exercise the powers conferred by that section in such manner and subject to such conditions 1[as 2[the State Government] may determine]: Provided that any such High Court may, after previous publication, make a rule extending within the local limits of its jurisdiction any rules which have been made by any other High Court. 1. Subs. by Act 38 of 1920, sec. 2 and Sch. 1, Pt. I, for "as the G.G. in C. may determine". 2. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for "in the case of the Court of the Judicial Commissioner of Coorg, the G.G. in C., and in other cases the L.G.".

Section 124 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Committee to report to High Court.

 Section 124 CPC Description Every Rule Committee shall make a report to the High Court established at the town at which it is constituted on any proposal to annul, alter or add to the rules in the First Schedule or to make new rules, and before making any rules under section 122 the High Court shall take such report into consideration.

Section 123 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Constitution of Rule Committees in certain States.

 Section 123 CPC Description (1) A committee to be called the Rule Committee, shall be constituted at 1[the town which is the usual place of sitting of each of the High Courts 2[***] referred to in section 122]. (2) Each such Committee shall consist of the following persons, namely- (a) three Judges of the High Court established at the town at which such Committee is constituted, one of whom at least has served as a District Judge or 3[***] a Divisional Judge for three years, 4[(b) two legal practitioners enrolled in that Court] 5[(c)] a Judge of a Civil Court subordinate to the High Court 6[***] 5[7[* * *]] (3) The members of each such Committee shall be appointed by the 8[High Court], which shall also nominate one of their number to be President: 9[* * *] (4) Each member of any such Committee shall hold office for such period as may be prescribed by the 8[High Court] in this behalf; and whenever any member retires, resigns, dies or ceases to reside in the State in which the Committee

Section 122 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Power of certain High Courts to make rules.

 Section 122 CPC Description 1[High Courts 2[not being the Court of a Judicial Commissioner]] 3[***] may, from time to time after previous publication, make rules regulating their own procedure and the procedure of the Civil Courts subjects to their superintendence, and may be such rules annul, alter or add to all or any of the rules in the First Schedule. 1. Subs. A.O. 1950, for "Courts which are High Courts for the purposes of the Government of India Act, 1935". 2. Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, "for Part A States and Part B States". Earlier the words "for Part A States and Part B States" were inserted by Act 2 of 1951, sec. 15 (w.e.f. 1-4-1951). 3. The words "and the Chief Court of Lower Burma", rep. by Act 11 of 1923, sec. 3 and sch. II.

Section 121 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Effect of rules in First Schedule.

 Section 121 CPC Description The rules in the First Schedule shall have effect as if enacted in the body of this Code until annulled or altered in accordance with the provisions of this Part.

Section 120 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Provisions not applicable to High Court in original civil jurisdiction.

Section 120 CPC Description (1) The following provisions shall not apply to the High Court in the exercise of its I original civil jurisdiction, namely, sections 16,17 and 20. 1[***] 1. Sub-section (2) rep. by Act 3 of 1909, sec. 127 and Sch. III.

Section 119 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Unauthorized persons not to address Court.

 Section 119 CPC Description Nothing in this Code shall be deemed to authorize any person on behalf of another to address the Court in the exercise of its original civil jurisdiction, or to examine witnesses, except where the Court shall have in the exercise of the power conferred by its charter authorized him I so to do, or to interfere with the power of the High Court to make rules concerning I advocates, vakils and attorneys.

Section 118 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Execution of decree before ascertainment of costs.

 Section 118 CPC Description Where any such High Court considers it necessary that a decree passed in the exercise of its original civil jurisdiction should be executed before the amount of the costs incurred in the suit can be ascertained by taxation, the Court may Order that the decree shall be executed forthwith except as to so much thereof as relates to the costs; and, as to so much thereof as relates to the costs, that the decree may be executed as soon as the amount of the costs shall be ascertained by taxation.

Section 117 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Application of Code to High Court.

Section 117 CPC Description Save as provided in this Part or in Part X or in rules, the provisions of this Court shall apply to such High Courts.

Section 116 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Part to apply only to certain High Courts.

 Section 116 CPC Description This Part applies only to High Courts 1[not being the Court of a Judicial Commissioner]. 1. Subs. by Act 2 of 1951, sec. 14, for "CHARTERED HIGH COURTS" (w.e.f. 1-4-1951).

Section 115 CPC - Code of Civil Procedure - Revision.

 Section 115 CPC Description 1[(1)] The High Court may call for the record of any case which has been decided by any Court subordinate to such High Court and in which no appeal lies thereto, and if such subordinate Court appears- (a) to have exercised a jurisdiction not vested in it by law, or (b) to have failed to exercise a jurisdiction so vested, or (c) to have acted in the exercise of its jurisdiction illegally or with material irregularity, the High Court may make such Order in the case as it thinks fit: 2[Provided that the High Court shall not, under this section, vary or reverse any Order made, or any Order deciding an issue, in the course of a suit or other proceeding, except where the Order, if it had been made in favour of the party applying for revision, would have finally disposed of the suit or other proceedings.] 3[(2) The High Court shall not, under this section, vary or reverse any decree or Order against which an appeal lies either to the High Court or to any Court sub