Friday, 28 January 2022

Education and Crime

EDUCATION & CRIME

The concept of education and crime can be viewed and understood from many different angles. The first area of discussion is the impact of education on crime and criminal behaviour. Although this problem is debatable, there is an overwhelming consensus among public officials, academics, teachers, and teachers and parents that post-secondary education is one of the highly successful and cost-effective methods of preventing crime. Much of this consensus has been derived from the volumes of empirical research that has tested educational attainment as it connects to trends of crime and safety of public at large. Comparisons of state-level education data and crime and imprisonment rates have consistently supported the fact that states that have focused the most on education possibly have low rates of violent crime and imprisonment. Although education can never be seen as a “cure all” or magic bullet that will assure decrease in criminal activity or rate of crime. Research suggests that increased investments in quality education can have a positive public safety benefit.

EDUCATION AS CRIME PREVENTION

One of the most dominant ideas under the umbrella concept of education’s impact on crime is, the belief that impact of education on crime is the belief to reduction in crime. Reduction in crime can most often be achieved by increased crime prevention and the most effective way of prevention of crime is achieved through education. Most people argue that education that can be a very crucial part in reducing individuals from indulging themselves in criminal behaviour. Provided that the previous discussions can result in many other characteristics that are viewed as positive. This correlates of lessening one’s criminal or antisocial behaviour. 

The literature generally offers two explanations for the preventive force of education on crime and antisocial behaviour. The first is that education may bring a change in individuals’ preferences. The second explanation is that education contributes to a lower time preference that means learning the after effects of one’s acts often makes that individual postpone the direct satisfaction of needs. Some scholars argue that results to a lower time preference for consumption in the present teaching. One is the capacity negative aspects of immediate gratification and a higher time preference for consumption in the near future. Teaching one benefits of functioning in the present to prepare for future.

Many researches argue that formal education has a very strong impact on teaching students. This teaches them on what should they focus more of attention in the future. Formal school and instruction can convey or reflect the situations and difficulties of adult life which are unavoidable future problems for all adolescents. Thus, educated population should be way more productive at reducing the remoteness of future pleasures.

Many researchers also argue that the more education an individual has, the more heavily he or she will weigh the future consequences (punishments) of his or her current criminal acts. If education leads individual to understand the good side delayed gratification, then people who have access to higher education should be discouraged from committing criminal or antisocial acts. It is believed that higher levels of education will lead to immediate gratification of an individual’s preferences and desires through criminal acts less important.

There are some studies that have addressed the relationship between education and crime. Some have found that adolescents who are indulged in paid employment or K-12 education have less possibilities to engage in criminal behaviour. This tells that a decrease in criminal behaviour. Not all studies find that more highly educated people have less possibility to engage in criminal activities. However some researchers argue that nation’s average education level does not mandatorily have a statistically drastic effect on effect of number of violent crimes. 

The list given below discusses and supports the findings about the connections between crime prevention and education:

Many studies have found that graduation rates are usually associated with positive public safety outcomes and lesser rates of crimes for communities.

States with higher levels of educational attainment also have crimes rates that are lowers than the national average.

States with higher enrolment rates of enrolment experiences lower violent crime rates than states with lower college enrolment rates.

States that make more significant capital investments in higher education experience more positive public safety outcomes and lower crime rates

The risk of imprisonment, higher violent rate crime rates, and low educational attainment are focused among communities of colour, whose members are more likely to suffer from barriers to opportunities of education.

Criminologists have spent centuries trying to explain the causes of criminal and antisocial behaviour. A main component that evolved over and over is the idea of individual motivation and desire. Human motivation and desire are very complicated and natural occurrences. That is why they are hard to understand. 

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