Tuesday, 9 March 2021

Customs Act, 1962

 “127MA. Certain persons who have filed appeals to the Appellate Tribunal entitled to make applications to the Settlement Commission. —(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Chapter, any person who has filed an appeal to the Appellate Tribunal under this Act, on or before the 29th day of February, 2000 and which is pending, shall, on withdrawal of such appeal from the Appellate Tribunal, be entitled to make an application to the Settlement Commission to have his case settled under this Chapter:


Provided that no such person shall be entitled to make an application under this section in a case where the Commissioner of Customs or any officer on his behalf has, on or before the date on which the Finance Act, 2000 receives the assent of the President, applied to the Appellate Tribunal for the determination of such points arising out of the decision or order specified by the Board in its order under sub-section (1) of section 129D or filed an appeal under sub-section (2) of section 129A, as the case may be.


(2) Any person referred to in sub-section (1) may make an application to the Appellate Tribunal for permission to withdraw the appeal.


(3) On receipt of an application under sub-section (2), the Appellate Tribunal shall grant permission to withdraw the appeal.


(4) Upon withdrawal of the appeal, the proceedings in appeal immediately before such withdrawal shall, for the purposes of this Chapter, be deemed to be a proceeding pending before a proper officer.


(5) An application to the Settlement Commission under this section shall be made within a period of thirty days from the date on which the order of the Appellate Tribunal permitting the withdrawal of the appeal is communicated to the person.


(6) An application made to the Settlement Commission under this section shall be deemed to be an application made under sub-section (1) of section 127B and the provisions of this Chapter, except sub-section (11) of section 127C, and sub-section (1) of section 127-I, shall apply accordingly.


(7) Where an application made to the Settlement Commission under this section is not entertained by the Settlement Commission, then, the appeal shall be deemed to have been revived before the Appellate Tribunal and the provisions contained in section 129A, section 129B and section 129C, shall, so far as may be, apply accordingly.


(8) The Settlement Commission may, if it is of opinion that any person who made an application under sub-section (5) has not co-operated with the proceedings before it, send the case back to the Appellate Tribunal and the provisions containing in section 129A, section 129B and section 129C shall, so far as may be, apply accordingly.”.


127N. APPLICATIONS OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF CENTRAL EXCISE ACT. –

The provisions of Chapter V of the Central Excise Act, 1944 (1 of 1944) in so far as it is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Chapter shall apply in relation to proceedings before the Settlement Commission under this Chapter.


—————


*  Chapter XIVA (containing sections 127A to 127N) ins. by  Act 21 of 1998, sec.  102 (w.e.f. 1-8-1998).


 128. APPEALS TO COMMISSIONER (APPEALS) –

1[128. Appeals to 2[Commissioner (Appeals)]. —(1) Any person aggrieved by any decision or order passed under this Act by an officer of customs lower in rank than a 3[Commissioner of Customs] may appeal to the 2[Commissioner (Appeals)] 4[within sixty days] from the date of the communication to him of such decision or order:


5[Provided that the Commissioner (Appeals) may, if he is satisfied that the appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from presenting the appeal within the aforesaid period of sixty days, allow it to be presented within a further period of thirty days.]


6[(1A) The Commissioner (Appeals) may, if sufficient cause is shown, at any stage of hearing of an appeal, grant time, from time to time, to the parties or any of them and adjourn the hearing of the appeal for reasons to be recorded in writing:


Provided that no such adjournment shall be granted more than three times to a party during hearing of the appeal.]


(2) Every appeal under this section shall be in such form and shall be verified in such manner as may be specified by rules made in this behalf.]


———-


1. Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982).


2. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector (Appeals)” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


3. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


4. Subs. by Act 14 of 2001, sec. 109, for “within three months” (w.e.f. 11-5-2001).


5. Subs. by Act 14 of 2001, sec. 109, for the proviso (w.e.f. 11-5-2001).


6.Ins. by Act 23 of 2004, sec. 68 (w.e.f. 10-9-2004).


128A. PROCEDURE IN APPEAL.

1[128A. Procedure in appeal. —(1) The 2[Commissioner (Appeals)] shall give an opportunity to the appellant to be heard if he so desires.


(2) The 2[Commissioner (Appeals)] may, at the hearing of an appeal, allow the appellant to go into any ground of appeal not specified in the grounds of appeal, if the 2[Commissioner (Appeals)] is satisfied that the omission of that ground from the grounds of appeal was not wilful or unreasonable.


(3) 3[The Commissioner (Appeals) shall, after making such further inquiry as may be necessary, pass such order, as he thinks just and proper, confirming, modifying or annulling the decision or order appealed against:]


Provided that an order enhancing any penalty or fine in lieu of confiscation or confiscating goods of the greater value or reducing the amount of refund shall not be passed unless the appellant has been given a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the proposed order:


Provided further that where the 2[Commissioner (Appeals)] is of opinion that any duty has not been levied or has been short-levied or erroneously refunded, no order requiring the appellant to pay any duty not levied, short-levied or erroneously refunded shall be passed unless the appellant is given notice within the time-limit specified in section 28 to show cause against the proposed order.


(4) The order of the 3[Commissioner (Appeals)] disposing of the appeals shall be in writing and shall state the points for determination, the decision thereon and the reasons for the decision.


4[(4A) The Commissioner (Appeals) shall, where it is possible to do so, hear and decide every appeal within a period of six months from the date on which it is filed.]


(5) On the disposal of the appeal, the 3[Commissioner (Appeals)] shall communicate the order passed by him to the appellant, the adjudicating authority 5[, the Chief Commissioner of Customs and the Commissioner of Customs].


———


1. Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982).


2. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector (Appeals)” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


3. Subs. by Act 14 of 2001, sec. 110, for certain words (w.e.f. 11-5-2001).


4. Ins. by Act 14 of 2001, sec. 110 (w.e.f. 11-5-2001).


5. Subs. by Act 18 of 2005, sec. 69, for “and the Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f. 13-5-2005)


129. APPELLATE TRIBUNAL. –

1[129. Appellate Tribunal. —(1) The Central Government shall constitute an Appellate Tribunal to be called the ‘Customs, Excise and 2[Service Tax] Appellate Tribunal consisting of as many judicial and technical members as it thinks fit to exercise the powers and discharge the functions conferred on the Appellate Tribunal by this Act.


3[(2) A judicial member shall be a person who has for at least ten years held a judicial office in the territory of India or who has been a member of the 4[Indian Legal Service] and has held a post in Grade I of that service or any equivalent or higher post for at least three years, or who has been an advocate for at least ten years.


Explanations.— For the purposes of this sub-section,—


(i) in computing the period during which a person has held judicial office in the territory of India, there shall be included any period, after he has held any judicial office, during which the person has been an advocate or has held the office of a member of a tribunal or any post, under the Union or a State, requiring special knowledge of law;


(ii) in computing the period during which a person has been an advocate, there shall be included any period during which the person has held a judicial office, or the office of a member of a tribunal or any post, under the Union or a State, requiring special knowledge of law after he became an advocate.


(2A) A technical member shall be a person who has been a member of the Indian Customs and Central Excise Service, Group A, and has held the post of 5[Commissioner of Customs] or Central Excise or any equivalent or higher post for at least three years.]


6[(3) The Central Government shall appoint—


(a) a person who is or has been a Judge of a High Court; or


(b) one of the members of the Appellate Tribunal,


to be the President thereof.]


(4) The Central Government may appoint one or more members of the Appellate Tribunal to be the Vice-President, or as the case may be Vice-Presidents, thereof.


7[***]


(5) 8[ 9[A Vice-President]] shall exercise such of the powers and perform such of the functions of the President as may be delegated to him by the President by a general or special order in writing.


10[(6) On ceasing to hold office, the President, Vice-President or other Member shall not be entitled to appear, act or plead before the Appellate Tribunal.]


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982).


2. Subs. by Act 32 of 2003, sec. 119, for “Gold (Control)” (w.e.f. 14-5-2003).


3. Subs. by Act 21 of 1984, sec. 39, for sub-section (2) (w.e.f. 11-5-1984).


4. Subs. by Act 32 of 2003, sec. 119, for “Central Legal Service” (w.e.f. 14-5-2003).


5. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


6. Subs. by Act 33 of 1996, sec. 65, for sub-section (3) (w.e.f. 28-9-1996).


7. Sub-section (4A) omitted by Act 32 of 2003, sec. 119 (w.e.f. 14-5-2003). Earlier sub-section (4A) was inserted by Act 21 of 1984, sec. 39 (w.e.f. 11-5-1984).


8. Subs. by Act 21 of 1984, sec. 39, for “The Vice-President” (w.e.f. 11-5-1984).


9. Subs. by Act 32 of 2003, sec. 119, for “The Senior Vice-President or a Vice-President” (w.e.f. 14-5-2003).


10.Ins. by Act 22 of 2007, sec. 110 (w.e.f. 11-5-2007).


129A. APPEALS TO THE APPELLATE TRIBUNAL. –

1[129A. Appeals to the Appellate Tribunal. —(1) Any person aggrieved by any of the following orders may appeal to the Appellate Tribunal against such order—


(a) a decision or order passed by the 2 [Commissioner of Customs] as an adjudicating authority;


(b) an order passed by the 3 [Commissioner (Appeals)] under section 128A;


(c) an order passed by the Board or the Appellate 2 [Commissioner of Customs] under section 128, as it stood immediately before the appointed day;


(d) an order passed by the Board or the 2 [Commissioner of Customs], either before or after the appointed day, under section 130, as it stood immediately before that day:


4 [Provided that no appeal shall lie to the Appellate Tribunal and the Appellate Tribunal shall not have jurisdiction to decide any appeal in respect of any order referred to in clause (b) if such order relates to,—


(a) any goods imported or exported as baggage;


(b) any goods loaded in a conveyance for importation into India, but which are not unloaded at their place of destination in India, or so much of the quantity of such goods as has not been unloaded at any such destination if goods unloaded at such destination are short of the quantity required to be unloaded at that destination;


(c) payment of drawback as provided in Chapter X, and the rules made thereunder:


Provided further that] the Appellate Tribunal may, in its discretion, refuse to admit an appeal in respect of an order referred to in clause (b) or clause (c) or clause (d) where—


(i) the value of the goods confiscated without option having been given to the owner of the goods to pay a fine in lieu of confiscation under section 125; or


(ii) in any disputed case, other than a case where the determination of any question having a relation to the rate of duty of customs or to the value of goods for purposes of assessment is in issue or is one of the points in issue, the difference in duty involved or the duty involved; or


(iii) the amount of fine or penalty determined by such order, does not exceed 5 [Fifty thousand rupees.]


6[(1A) Every appeal against any order of the nature referred to in the first proviso to sub-section (1), which is pending immediately before the commencement of section 40 of the Finance Act, 1984 before the Appellate Tribunal and any matter arising out of or connected with such appeal and which is so pending shall stand transferred on such commencement to the Central Government and the Central Government shall deal with such appeal or matter under section 129DD as if such appeal or matter were an application or a matter arising out of an application made to it under that section.]


7 [((1B) (i) The Board may, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute such Committees as may be necessary for the purposes of this Act.


(ii) Every Committee constituted under clause (i) shall consist of two Chief Commissioners of Customs or two Commissioners of Customs, as the case may be.]


8 [(2) 9 [The Committee of Commissioners of Customs may, if it is] of opinion that an order passed by—


(a) the Appellate 8 [Commissioner of Customs] under section 128, as it stood immediately before the appointed day, or


(b) the 3[Commissioner (Appeals)] under section 128A, is not legal or proper, direct the proper officer to appeal 10 [on its behalf] to the Appellate Tribunal or, as the case may be, the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Tribunal established under section 3 of the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Tribunal Act, 1986, against such order.]


(3) Every appeal under this section shall be filed within three months from the date on which the order sought to be appealed against is communicated to the 3 [Commissioner of Customs], or as the case may be, the other party preferring the appeal.


(4) On receipt of notice that an appeal has been preferred under this section, the party against whom the appeal has been preferred may, notwithstanding that he may not have appealed against such order or any part thereof, file, within forty-five days of the receipt of the notice, a memorandum of cross-objections verified in such manner as may be specified by rules made in this behalf against any part of the order appealed against and such memorandum shall be disposed of by the Appellate Tribunal as if it were an appeal presented within the time specified in sub-section (3).


(5) The Appellate Tribunal may admit an appeal or permit the filing of a memorandum of cross-objections after expiry of the relevant period referred to in sub-section (3) or sub-section (4), if it is satisfied that there was sufficient cause for not presenting it within that period.


11[(6) An appeal to the Appellate Tribunal shall be in such form and shall be verified in such manner as may be specified by rules made in this behalf and shall, irrespective of the date of demand of duty and interest or of levy of penalty in relation to which the appeal is made, be accompanied by a fee of,—


(a) where the amount of duty and interest demanded and penalty levied by any officer of customs in the case to which the appeal relates is five lakh rupees or less, one thousand rupees;


(b) where the amount of duty and interest demanded and penalty levied by any officer of customs in the case to which the appeal relates is more than five lakh rupees but not exceeding fifty lakh rupees, five thousand rupees;


(c) where the amount of duty and interest demanded and penalty levied by any officer of customs in the case to which the appeal relates is more than fifty lakh rupees, ten thousand rupees:


Provided that no such fee shall be payable in the case of an appeal referred to in sub-section (2) or a memorandum of cross-objections referred to in sub-section (4).


(7) Every application made before the Appellate Tribunal,—


(a) in an appeal for grant of stay or for rectification of mistake or for any other purpose; or


(b) for restoration of an appeal or an application,


shall be accompanied by a fee of five hundred rupees:


Provided that no such fee shall be payable in the case of an application filed by or on behalf of the Commissioner of Customs under this sub-section.]


———-


1. Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982).


2. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


3. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector (Appeals)” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


4. Subs. by Act 21 of 1984, sec. 40, for “Provided that” (w.e.f. 11-5-1984).


5 Subs. by Act 38 of 1993, sec. 43, for “ten thousand rupees” (w.e.f. 13-5-1993).


6 1. Ins. by Act 21 of 1984, sec. 40 (w.e.f. 11-5-1984).


7. Ins. by Act 18 of 2005, sec. 70 (w.e.f. 13-5-2005).


8. Subs. by Act 62 of 1986, sec. 34, for sub-section (2).


9. Subs. by Act 18 of 2005, sec. 70, for “The Commissioner may, if he is” (w.e.f. 13-5-2005).


10. Subs. by Act 18 of 2005, sec. 70, for “on his behalf” (w.e.f. 13-5-2005).


11. Subs. by Act 23 of 2004, sec. 69, for sub-section (6) (w.e.f. 1-11-2004). Sub-section (6), before substitution, stood as under:


“(6) An appeal to the Appellate Tribunal shall be in such form and shall be verified in such manner as may be specified by rules made in this behalf and shall, in the case of an appeal made on or after the 1st day of June, 1993, irrespective of the date of demand of duty and interest or of levy of penalty in relation to which the appeal is made, be accompanied by a fee of,—


(a) where the amount of duty and interest demanded and penalty levied by any officer of customs in the case to which the appeal relates is one lakh rupees or less, two hundred rupees;


(b) where the amount of duty and interest demanded and penalty levied by any officer of customs in the case to which the appeal relates is more than one lakh rupees, one thousand rupees:


Provided that no such fee shall be payable in the case of an appeal referred to in sub-section (2) or a memorandum of cross objections referred to in sub-section (4).”.


129B. ORDERS OF APPELLATE TRIBUNAL. –

1[129B. Orders of Appellate Tribunal. —(1) The Appellate Tribunal may, after giving the parties to the appeal, an opportunity of being heard, pass such orders thereon as it thinks fit, confirm­ing, modifying or annulling the decision or order appealed against or may refer the case back to the authority which passed such decision or order with such directions as the Appellate Tribunal may think fit, for a fresh adjudication or decision, as the case may be, after taking additional evidence, if necessary.


2 [(1A) The Appellate Tribunal may, if sufficient cause is shown, at any stage of hearing of an appeal, grant time to the parties or any of them and adjourn the hearing of the appeal for reasons to be recorded in writing:


Provided that no such adjournment shall be granted more than three times to a party during hearing of the appeal.]


(2) The Appellate Tribunal may, at any time within 3 [six months] from the date of the order, with a view to rectifying any mistake apparent from the record, amend any order passed by it under sub-section (1) and shall make such amendments if the mistake is brought to its notice by the4[Commissioner of Customs] or the other party to appeal:


Provided that an amendment which has the effect of enhancing the assessment or reducing a refund or otherwise increasing the liability of the other party shall not be made under this sub-section, unless the Appellate Tribunal has given notice to him of its intention to do so and has allowed him a reasonable opportunity of being heard.


5[(2A) The Appellate Tribunal shall, where it is possible to do so, hear and decide every appeal within a period of three years from the date on which such appeal is filed:


Provided that where an order of stay is made in any proceedings relating to an appeal filed under sub-section (1) of section 129A, the Appellate Tribunal shall dispose of the appeal within a period of one hundred and eighty days from the date of such order:


Provided further that if such appeal is not disposed of within the period specified in the first proviso, the stay order shall, on the expiry of that period, stand vacated.]


(3) The Appellate Tribunal shall send a copy of every order passed under this section to the 4 [Commissioner of Customs] and the other party to the appeal.


(4) Save as otherwise provided in section 130 or section 130E, orders passed by the Appellate Tribunal on appeal shall be final.]


———-


1. Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982).


2. Ins. by Act 23 of 2004, sec. 70 (w.e.f. 10-9-2004).


3.Subs. by Act 20 of 2002, sec. 127, for “four years” (w.e.f. 11-5-2002).


4. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


5.Ins. by Act 20 of 2002, sec. 127 (w.e.f. 11-5-2002).


129C. PROCEDURE OF APPELLATE TRIBUNAL. –

1PROCEDURE OF APPELLATE TRIBUNAL. (1) The powers and functions of the Appellate Tribunal may be exercised and discharged by Benches constituted by the President from amongst the members thereof.


(2) Subject to the provisions contained in 2sub-section (4), a Bench shall consist of one judicial member and one technical member.


3[***]


(4) The President or any other member of the Appellate Tribunal authorised in this behalf by the President may, sitting singly, dispose of any case which has been allotted to the Bench of which he is a member where –


(a) the value of the goods confiscated without option having been given to the owner of the goods to pay a fine in lieu of confiscation under section 125; or


(b) in any disputed case, other than a case where the determination of any question having a relation to the rate of duty of customs or to the value of goods for purposes of assessment is in issue or is one of the points in issue, the difference in duty involved or the duty involved; or


(c) the amount of fine or penalty involved, does not exceed 4ten lakhs rupees.


5(5) If the members of a Bench differ in opinion on any point, the point shall be decided according to the opinion of the majority, if there is a majority; but if the members are equally divided, they shall state the point or points on which they differ and make a reference to the President who shall either hear the point or points himself or refer the case for hearing on such point or points by one or more of the other members of the Appellate Tribunal and such point or points shall be decided according to the opinion of the majority of these members of the Appellate Tribunal who have heard the case, including those who first heard it.


(6) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Appellate Tribunal shall have power to regulate its own procedure and the procedure of the Benches thereof in all matters arising out of the exercise of its powers or of the discharge of its functions, including the places at which the Benches shall hold their sittings.


(7) The Appellate Tribunal shall, for the purposes of discharging its functions, have the same powers as are vested in a court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), when trying a suit in respect of the following matters, namely :-


(a) discovery and inspection;


(b) enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;


(c) compelling the production of books of account and other documents; and


(d) issuing commissions.


(8) Any proceeding before the Appellate Tribunal shall be deemed to be a judicial proceeding within the meaning of sections 193 and 228 and for the purpose of section 196 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860), and the Appellate Tribunal shall be deemed to be a Civil Court for all the purposes of section 195 and Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).


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1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982).


2. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 65, for “sub-sections (3) and (4)” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


3. Sub-section (3) omitted by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 65 (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


4. Subs. by Act 33 of 1996, sec. 66, for “one lakh rupees” (w.e.f. 28-9-1996).


5. Subs. by Act 12 of 1990, sec. 62, for sub-section (5) (w.e.f. 31-5-1990).


129D. Power of Committee of Chief Commissioners of Customs or Commissioner of Customs to pass certain orders.—

129D. Power of 1[Committee of Chief Commissioners of Customs] or 2[Commissioner of Customs] to pass certain orders.—(1) The 1[Committee of Chief Commissioners of Customs] may, of its own motion, call for and examine the record of any proceeding in which a 2[Commissioner of Customs] as an adjudicating authority has passed any decision or order under this Act for the purpose of satisfying itself as to the legality or propriety of any such decision or order and may, by order, direct such3[Commissioner] 4[or any other Commissioner] to apply to the Appellate Tribunal 5[ or, as the case may be, the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Tribunal established under section 3 of the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Tribunal Act, 1986] for the determination of such points arising out of the decision or order as may be specified by the 1[Committee of Chief Commissioners of Customs] in its order.


(2) The 2[Commissioner of Customs] may of his own motion, call for and examine the record of any proceeding in which an adjudicating authority subordinate to him has passed any decision or order under this Act for the purpose of satisfying himself as to the legality or propriety of any such decision or order and may, by order, direct 6[such authority or any officer of customs subordinate to him] to apply to the 7[Commissioner (Appeals)] for the determination of such points arising out of the decision or order as may be specified by the 2[Commissioner of Customs] in his order.


8[(3) The Committee of Chief Commissioners of Customs or the Commissioner of Customs, as the case may be, shall make order under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) within a period of three months from the date of communication of the decision or order of the adjudicating authority.]


(4) Where in pursuance of an order under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), the adjudicating or any officer of customs authorised in this behalf by the 3[Commissioner of Customs] makes an application to the Appellate Tribunal 5[or, as the case may be, the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Tribunal established under section 3 of the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Tribunal Act, 1986] or the7[Commissioner (Appeals)] within a period of 9[one month] from the date of communication of the order under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) to the adjudicating authority, such application shall be heard by the Appellate Tribunal 5[or, as the case may be, the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Tribunal established under section 3 of the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Tribunal Act, 1986] or the 7[Commissioner (Appeals)] as the case may be, as if such applications were an appeal made against the decision or order of the adjudicating authority and the provisions of this Act regarding appeals, including the provisions of sub-section (4) of section 129A 5[or, as the case may be, the provisions of the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Act, 1986] shall, so far as may be, apply to such application.


10[(5) The provisions of this section shall not apply to any decision or order in which the determination of any question having a relation to the rate of the duty or to the value of goods for the purposes of assessment of any duty is in issue or is one of the points in issue.


Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-section, the determination of a rate of duty in relation to any goods or valuation of any goods for the purposes of assessment of duty includes the determination of a question—


(a) relating to the rate of duty for the time being in force, whether under the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 (51 of 1975) or under any other Central Act providing for the levy and collection of any duty of customs, in relation to any goods on or after the 28th day of February, 1986; or


(b) relating to the value of goods for the purposes of assessment of any(b) relating to the value of goods for the purposes of assessment of any duty in cases where the assessment is made on or after the 28th day of February, 1986; or


(c) whether any goods fall under particular heading or sub-heading of the First Schedule or the Second Schedule to the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 (51 of 1975) or that any goods are or not covered by a particular notification or order issued by the Central Government granting total or partial exemption from duty; or


(d) whether the values of any goods for the purposes of assessment of duty shall be enhanced or reduced by the addition or reduction of the amounts in respect of such matters as are specifically provided in this Act.]


———-


1. Subs. by Act 18 of 2005, sec. 71, for “Board” (w.e.f. 13-5-2005).


2. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


3. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


4. Ins. by Act 14 of 2001, sec. 111 (w.e.f. 11-5-2001).


5. Ins. by Act 62 of 1986, sec. 34.


6. Subs. by Act 29 of 2006, sec. 29, for “such authority” (w.e.f. 13-7-2006)


7. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector (Appeals)” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


8. Subs. by Act 22 of 2007, sec. 111(i), for sub-section (3) (w.e.f. 11-5-2007). Earlier sub-section (3) was substituted by Act 20 of 2002, sec. 128 (w.e.f. 11-5-2002) and was amended by Act 18 of 2005, sec. 71 (w.e.f. 13-5-2005). Sub-section (3), before substitution by Act 22 of 2007, stood as under: “(3) The Committee of Chief Commissioners of Customs or the Commissioner of Customs, as the case may be, shall, where it is possible to do so, make order under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), within a period of six months, but not beyond a period of one year, from the date of the decision or order of the adjudicating authority.”.


9. Subs. by Act 22 of 2007, sec. 111(ii), for “three months” (w.e.f. 11-5-2007).


10. Ins. by Act 29 of 1988, sec. 4 (w.e.f. 1-7-1988).


129DA. POWERS OF REVISION OF BOARD OR COMMISSIONER OF CUSTOMS IN CERTAIN CASES. –

1 POWERS OF REVISION OF BOARD OR COMMISSIONER OF CUSTOMS IN CERTAIN CASES. -(1) The Board may, of its own motion or on the application of any aggrieved person or otherwise, call for and examine the record of any proceedin


g in which a 2Commissioner of Customs has passed any decision or order [not being a decision or order passed under sub-section


(2) of this section] of the nature referred to in sub-section (5) of section 129D for the purpose of satisfying itself as to the correctness, legality or propriety of such decision or order and may pass such order thereon as it thinks fit.


(2) The 2Commissioner of Customs may, of his own motion or on the application of any aggrieved person or otherwise, call for and examine the record of any proceeding in which an adjudicating authority subordinate to him has passed any decision or order of the nature referred to in sub-section (5) of section 129D for the purpose of satisfying himself as to the correctness, legality or propriety of such decision or order and may pass such order thereon as he thinks fit.


(3) (a) No decision or order under this section shall be made so as to prejudicially affect any person unless such person is given a reasonable opportunity of making representation and if, he so desires, of being heard in his defence.


(b) Where the Board or, as the case may be, the 2Commissioner of Customs is of the opinion that any duty has not been levied or has been short-levied or short-paid or erroneously refunded, no order requiring the affected person to pay any duty not levied or paid, short-levied or short-paid or erroneously refunded shall be passed under this section unless such person is given notice within the time limit specified in section 28 to show cause against the proposed order.


(4) No proceedings shall be initiated under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) in respect of any decision or order after the expiry of a period of six months from the date of communication of such decision or order :


Provided that in respect of any decision or order passed before the commencement of the Customs and Central Excises Laws (Amendment) Act, 1988, the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words “six months”, the words “one year” were substituted.


(5) Any person aggrieved by any decision or order passed under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) may appeal to the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Tribunal established under section 3 of the Customs and Excise Revenues Appellate Tribunal Act, 1986 (62 of 1986), against such decision or order


—————


1. Ins. by Act 29 of 1988, sec. 5 (w.e.f. 1-7-1988).


2. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


*. Ed. Date of commencement of the Customs and Central Excise Laws (Amendment) Act, 1988 is 1st July, 1988.


129DD. REVISION BY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT. –

1(1) The Central Government may, on the application of any person aggrieved by any order passed under section 128A, where the order is of the nature referred to in the first proviso to sub-section (1) of section 129A, annul or modify such order.


Provided that the Central Government may in its discretion, refuse to admit an application in respect of an order where the amount of duty or fine or penalty, determined by such order does not exceed five thousand rupees.


Explanation : For the purposes of this sub-section, “order passed under section 128A” includes an order passed under that section before the commencement of section 40 of the Finance Act, 1984, against which an appeal has not been preferred before such commencement and could have been, if the said section had not come into force, preferred after such commencement, to the Appellate Tribunal.


2(1A) The Commissioner of Customs may, if he is of the opinion that an order passed by the Commissioner (Appeals) under section 128A is not legal or proper, direct the proper officer to make an application on his behalf to the Central Government for revision of such order.


(2) An application under sub-section (1) shall be made within three months from the date of the communication to the applicant of the order against which the application is being made :


Provided that the Central Government may, if it is satisfied that the applicant was prevented by sufficient cause from presenting the application within the aforesaid period of three months, allow it to be presented within a further period of three months.


3(3) An application under sub-section (1) shall be in such form and shall be verified in such manner as may be specified by rules made in this behalf and shall be accompanied by a fee of,- (a) two hundred rupees, where the amount of duty and interest demanded, fine or penalty levied by an officer of customs in the case to which the application relates is one lakh rupees or less;


(b) one thousand rupees, where the amount of duty and interest demanded, fine or penalty levied by an officer of customs in the case to which the application relates is more than one lakh rupees:


Provided that no such fee shall be payable in the case of an application referred to in sub-section(1A).


(4) The Central Government may, of its own motion, annul or modify any order referred to in sub-section (1).


(5) No order enhancing any penalty or fine in lieu of confiscation or confiscating goods of greater value shall be passed under this section, –


(a) in any case in which an order passed under section 128A has enhanced any penalty or fine in lieu of confiscation or has confiscated goods of greater value, and


(b) in any other case, unless the person affected by the proposed, order has been given notice to show cause against it within one year from the date of the order sought to be annulled or modified.


(6) Where the Central Government is of opinion that any duty of customs has not been levied or has been short-levied, no order levying or enhancing the duty shall be made under this section unless the person affected by the proposed order is given notice to show cause against it within the time limit specified in section 28.


—————


1. Ins. by Act 21 of 1984, sec. 43 (w.e.f. 11-5-1984).


2. Ins. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 110 (w.e.f. 11-5-1999).


*. Ed. Date of commencement of section 40 of the Finance Act, 1984 is 11th May, 1984


3. Subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 110, for sub-section (3) (w.e.f. 11-5-1999).


129E. DEPOSIT, PENDING APPEAL, OF DUTY AND INTEREST DEMANDED OR PENALTY LEVIED. –

1[129E. Deposit, pending appeal, of 2[duty and interest], demanded or penalty levied. —Where in any appeal under this Chapter, the decision or order appealed against relates to any 2 [duty and interest] demanded in respect of goods which are not under the control of the customs authorities or any penalty levied under this Act, the person desirous of appealing against such decision or order shall, pending the appeal deposit with the proper officer 2[duty and interest] demanded or penalty levied:


Provided that where in any particular case, the 3[Commissioner (Appeals)] or the Appellate Tribunal is of the opinion that the deposit of 2 [duty and interest] demanded or penalty levied would cause undue hardship to such person, the 3 [Commissioner (Appeals)] or, as the case may be, the Appellate Tribunal may dispense with such deposit subject to such conditions as he or it may deem fit to impose so as to safeguard the interests of revenue:


4[Provided further that where an application is filed before the Commissioner (Appeals) for dispensing with the deposit of duty and interest demanded or penalty levied under the first proviso, the Commissioner (Appeals) shall, where it is possible to do so, decide such application within thirty days from the date of its filing.] ]


Comments


Where the Tribunal has reduced the pre-deposit after satisfying and giving grave and weighty reasons, the discretion cannot be said has been exercised arbitrarily; Collector of Customs, Madras-1 v. Customs, Excise and Gold (Control) Appellate Tribunal, [1995] 50 ECC 93 (Mad).


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982) .


2.Subs by Act 55 of 1991, sec 10 , for “duty” (w. e. f 23.12. 1991 ).


3. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


4. Ins by Act 14 of 2001, sec. 112 ( w. e. f. 11. 5. 2001).


130. Appeal to High Court. –

1[ 2 [130. Appeal to High Court. —[ Rep. by the National Tax Tribunal Act, 2005 (49 of 2005), sec. 30 and Sch., Pt. VI-7 (w.e.f. 28-12-2005). ]] ]


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982) .


2. Section 130, before repeal, stood as under:


“ 130. Appeal to High Court .—(1) An appeal shall lie to the High Court from every order passed in appeal by the Appellate Tribunal on or after the 1st day of July, 2003 (not being an order relating, among other things, to the determination of any question having a relation to the rate of duty of customs or to the value of goods for purposes of assessment), if the High Court is satisfied that the case involves a substantial question of law.


(2) Commissioner of Customs or the other party aggrieved by any order passed by the Appellate Tribunal may file an appeal to the High Court and such appeal under this sub-section shall be—


(a) filed within one hundred and eighty days from the date on which the order appealed against is received by the commissioner of Customs or the other party;


(b) accompanied by a fee of two hundred rupees where such appeal is filed by the other party;


(c) in the form of a memorandum of appeal precisely stating therein the substantial question of law involved.


(3) Where the High Court is satisfied that a substantial question of law is involved in any case, it shall formulate that question.


(4) The appeal shall be heard only on the question so formulated, and the respondents shall, at the hearing of the appeal, be allowed to argue that the case does not involve such question:


Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall be deemed to take away or abridge the power of the Court to hear, for reasons to be recorded, the appeal on any other substantial question of law not formulated by it, if it is satisfied that the case involves such question.


(5) The High Court shall decide the question of law so formulated and deliver such judgment thereon containing the grounds on which such decision is founded and may award such cost as it deems fit.


(6) The High Court may determine any issue which—


(a) has not been determined by the Appellate Tribunal; or


(b) has been wrongly determined by the Appellate Tribunal, by reason of a decision on such question of law as is referred to in sub-section (1).


(7) When an appeal has been filed before the High Court, it shall be heard by a bench of not less than two Judges of the High Court, and shall be decided in accordance with the opinion of such Judges or of the majority, if any, of such Judges.


(8) Where there is no such majority, the Judges shall state the point of law upon which they differ and the case shall, then, be heard upon that point only by one or more of the other Judges of the High Court and such point shall be decided according to the opinion of the majority of the Judges who have heard the case including those who first heard it.


(9) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), relating to appeals to the High Court shall, as far as may be, apply in the case of appeals under this section.”.


130A. APPLICATION TO HIGH COURT. –

1[2 [130A. Application to High Court. —[ Rep. by the National Tax Tribunal Act, 2005 (49 of 2005), sec. 30 and Sch., Pt. VI-7 (w.e.f. 28-12-2005) .]]]


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982) .


2. Section 130A, before repeal, stood as under:


“ 130A. Application to High Court. —(1) The Commissioner of Customs or the other party may, within one hundred and eighty days of the date upon which he is served with notice of an order under section 129B passed before the 1st day of July, 2003 (not being an order relating, among other things, to the determination of any question having a relation to the rate of duty of customs or to the value of goods for purposes of assessment), by application in the prescribed form, accompanied, where the application is made by the other party, by a fee of two hundred rupees, apply to the High Court to direct the Appellate Tribunal to refer to the High Court any question of law arising from such order of the Tribunal.


(2) The Commissioner of Customs or the other party applying to the High Court under sub-section (1) shall clearly state the question of law which he seeks to be referred to the High Court and shall also specify the paragraph in the order of the Appellate Tribunal relevant to the question sought to be referred.


(3) On receipt of notice that an application has been made under sub-section (1), the person against whom such application has been made, may, notwithstanding that he may not have filed such application, file, within forty-five days of the receipt of the notice, a memorandum of cross objections verified in the prescribed manner against any part of the order in relation to which an application for reference has been made and such memorandum shall be disposed of by the High Court as if it were an application presented within the time specified in sub-section (1).


(4) If, on an application made under sub-section (1), the High Court directs the Appellate Tribunal to refer the question of law raised in the application, the Appellate Tribunal shall, within one hundred and twenty days of the receipt of such direction, draw up a statement of the case and refer it to the High Court.”.


130B. POWER OF HIGH COURT OR SUPREME COURT TO REQUIRE STATEMENT TO BE AMENDED. –

1[2[130B. Power of High Court or Supreme Court to require statement to be amended. —[ Rep. by the National Tax Tribunal Act, 2005 (49 of 2005), sec. 30 and Sch., Pt. VI-7 (w.e.f. 28-12-2005) .]]]


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982)


2. Section 130B, before repeal, stood as stood:


“ 130B. Power of High Court or Supreme Court to require statement to be amended. —If the High Court or the Supreme Court is not satisfied that the statements in a case referred to it are sufficient to enable it to determine the questions raised thereby, the Court may refer the case to the Appellate Tribunal for the purpose of making such additions thereto or alterations therein as it may direct in that behalf.”.


130C. CASE BEFORE HIGH COURT TO BE HEARD BY NOT LESS THAN TWO JUDGES.

1[2 [130C. Case before High Court to be heard by not less than two judges. —[ Rep. by the National Tax Tribunal Act, 2005 (49 of 2005), sec. 30 and Sch., Pt. VI-7 (w.e.f. 28-12-2005) .]]]


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982) .


2. Section 130C, before repeal, stood as stood:


“ 130C. Case before High Court to be heard by not less than two judges. —(1) When any case has been referred to the High Court under section 130, or section 130A it shall be heard by a bench of not less than two judges of the High Court and shall be decided in accordance with the opinion of such judges or of the majority, if any of such judges.


(2) Where there is no such majority, the judges shall state the point of law upon which they differ and the case shall then be heard upon that point only one or more of the other judges of the High Court, and such point shall be decided according to the opinion of the majority of the judges who have heard the case including those who first heard it.”.


130D. DECISION OF HIGH COURT OR SUPREME COURT ON THE CASE STATED.-

1[2[130D. Decision of High Court or Supreme Court on the case stated. —[ Rep. by the National Tax Tribunal Act, 2005 (49 of 2005), sec. 30 and Sch., Pt. VI-7 (w.e.f. 28-12-2005) .]]]


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982) .


2. Section 130D, before repeal, stood as stood:


“ 130D. Decision of High Court or Supreme Court on the case stated. —(1) The High Court or the Supreme Court hearing any such case shall decide the questions of the law raised therein, and shall deliver its judgment thereon containing the grounds on which such decision is founded and a copy of the judgment shall be sent under the seal of the Court and the signature of the registrar to the Appellate Tribunal which shall pass such orders as are necessary to dispose of the case in conformity with such judgment.


(1A) Where the High Court delivers a judgment in an appeal filed before it under section 130, effect shall be given to the order passed on the appeal by the proper officer on the basis of a certified copy of the judgment.


(2) The costs of any reference to the High Court or an appeal to the High Court or the Supreme Court, as the case may be, which shall not include the fee for making the reference shall be in the discretion of the Court.”.


130E. APPEAL TO SUPREME COURT. –

An appeal shall lie to the Supreme Court from –


2 [(a) any judgment of the High Court delivered—


(i) in an appeal made under section 130; or


(ii) on a reference made under section 130 by the Appellate Tribunal before the 1st day of July, 2003;


(iii) on a reference made under section 130A,


in any case which, on its own motion or on an oral application made by or on behalf of the party aggrieved, immediately after the passing of the judgment, the High Court certifies to be a fit one for appeal to the Supreme Court; or]


(b) any order passed 3[before the establishment of the National Tax Tribunal] by the Appellate Tribunal relating, among other things, to the determination of any question having a relation to the rate of duty of customs or to the value of goods for purposes of assessment.]


Comments


Just filing the appeal against the judgment does not mean that the stay has been granted by the court; Collector of Customs, Bombay v. Krishna Sales (Pvt.) Ltd. , AIR 1994 SC 1239.


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982) .


2. Subs. by Act 32 of 2003, sec. 123, for clause (a) (w.e.f. 14-5-2003).


3.Ins. by Act 49 of 2005, sec. 30 and Sch., Pt. VI-8.


130F. HEARING BEFORE SUPREME COURT. –

1 130F. HEARING BEFORE SUPREME COURT.(1) The provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), relating to appeals to the Supreme Court shall, so far as may be, apply in the case of appeals under section 130E as they apply in the case of appeals from decrees of a High Court :


Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall be deemed to affect the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 130D or section 131.


(2) The costs of the appeal shall be in the discretion of the Supreme Court.


(3) Where the judgment of the High Court is varied or reversed in the appeal, effect shall be given to the order of the Supreme Court in the manner provided in section 130D in the case of a judgment of the High Court.


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982) .


131. SUMS DUE TO BE PAID NOTWITHSTANDING REFERENCE, ETC. –

1[131. Sums due to be paid notwithstanding reference, etc . —Notwithstanding that a reference has been made to the High Court or the Supreme Court or an appeal has been preferred to the Supreme Court 2[under this Act before the commencement of the National Tax Tribunal Act, 2005], sums due to the Government as a result of an order passed under sub-section (1) of section 129B shall be payable in accordance with the order so passed.]


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982) .


2. Ins. by Act 49 of 2005, sec. 30 and Sch., Pt. VI-9.


131A. EXCLUSION OF TIME TAKEN FOR COPY. –

In computing the period of limitation specified for an appeal or application under this Chapter, the day on which the order complained of was served, and if the party preferring the appeal or making the application was not furnished with a copy of the order when the notice of the order was served upon him, the time requisite for obtaining a copy of such order shall be excluded.


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982) .


131B. TRANSFER OF CERTAIN PENDING PROCEEDINGS AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS. –

1(1) Every appeal which is pending immediately before the appointed day before the Board under section 128, as it stood immediately before that day, and any matter arising out of or connected with such appeal and which is so pending shall stand transferred on that day to the Appellate Tribunal and the Appellate Tribunal may proceed with such appeal or matter from the stage at which it was on that day :


Provided that the appellant may demand that before proceeding further with that appeal or matter, he may be re-heard.


(2) Every proceeding which is pending immediately before the appointed day before the Central Government under section 131, as it stood immediately before that day, and any matter arising out of or connected with such proceeding and which is so pending shall stand transferred on that day to the Appellate Tribunal and the Appellate Tribunal may proceed with such proceeding or matter from the stage at which it was on that day as if such proceeding or matter were an appeal filed before it :


Provided that if any such proceeding or matter relates to an order where –


(a) the value of the goods confiscated without option having been given to the owner of the goods to pay a fine in lieu of confiscation under section 125; or


(b) in any disputed case, other than a case where the determination of any question having a relation to the rate of duty of customs or to the value of goods for purposes of assessment is in issue or is one of the points in issue, the difference in duty involved or the duty involved; or


(c) the amount of fine or penalty determined by such order, does not exceed ten thousand rupees, such proceeding or matter shall continue to be dealt with by the Central Government as if the said section 131 had not been substituted :


Provided further that the applicant or the other party may make a demand to the Appellate Tribunal that before proceeding further with that proceeding or matter, he may be re-heard.


(3) Every proceeding which is pending immediately before the appointed day before the Board or the2Commissioner of Customs under section 130, as it stood immediately before that day, and any matter arising out of or connected with such proceeding and which is so pending shall continue to be dealt with by the Board or the Commissioner of Customs, as the case may be, as if the said section had not been substituted.


(4) Any person who immediately before the appointed day was authorised to appear in any appeal or proceeding transferred under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall, notwithstanding anything contained in section 146A, have the right to appear before the Appellate Tribunal in relation to such appeal or proceeding.


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982) .


2. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


131C. DEFINITIONS. –

1[131C. Definitions. —In this Chapter—


(a) “appointed day” means the date of coming into force of the amendments to this Act specified in part 1 of the Fifth Schedule to the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1980 (44 of 1980);


2[***]


(c) “President” means the President of the Appellate Tribunal.]


———-


1.Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 128A, 129, 129A, 129B, 129C, 129D, 129E, 130, 130A, 130B, 130C, 130D, 130E, 130F, 131, 131A, 131B, 131C) subs. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and the Fifth Sch. Pt. 1, for Chapter XV (containing sections 128, 129, 130, and 131) (w.e.f. 11-10-1982).


2. Clause (b) omitted by Act 49 of 2005, sec. 30 and Sch., Pt. VI-10 (w.e.f. 28-12-2005). Clause (b), before omission, stood as under:


‘(b) “High Court” means—


(i) in relation to any State, the High Court for that State;


(ii) in relation to the Union territories to which jurisdiction of the High Court of a State has been extended by law, that High Court;


(iii) in relation to the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Goa, Daman and Diu, the High Court at Bombay;


(iv) in relation to any other Union territories, the highest court of civil appeal for that territory other than the Supreme Court of India;’.


132. FALSE DECLARATION, FALSE DOCUMENTS, ETC. –

Whoever makes, signs or uses, or causes to be made, signed or used, any declaration, statement or document in the transaction of any business relating to the customs knowing or having reason to believe that such declaration, statement or document is false in any material particular, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 1[two years], or with fine, or with both.


—————


1.  Subs. by Act 29 of 2006, sec. 30, for “six months” (w.e.f. 13-7-2006).


133. OBSTRUCTION OF OFFICER OF CUSTOMS. –

If any person intentionally obstructs any officer of customs in the exercise of any powers conferred under this Act, such person shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine, or with both.


—————


1.  Subs. by Act 29 of 2006, sec. 31, for “six months” (w.e.f. 13-7-2006).


134. REFUSAL TO BE X-RAYED. –

If any person –


(a) resists or refuses to allow a radiologist to screen or to take X-ray picture of his body in accordance with an order made by a Magistrate under section 103, or


(b) resists or refuses to allow suitable action being taken on the advice and under the supervision of a registered medical practitioner for bringing out goods liable to confiscation secreted inside his body, as provided in section 103,


he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine, or with both.


135. EVASION OF DUTY OR PROHIBITIONS. –

1(1) Without prejudice to any action that may be taken under this Act, if any person –


(a) is in relation to any goods in any way knowingly concerned in any fraudulent evasion or attempt at evasion of any duty chargeable thereon or of any prohibition for the time being imposed under this Act or any other law for the time being in force with respect to such goods, or


(b) acquires possession of or is in any way concerned in carrying, removing, depositing, harboring, keeping, concealing, selling or purchasing or in any other manner dealing with any goods which he knows or has reason to believe are liable to confiscation under section 111, he shall be punishable, – (i) in the case of an offence relating to any of the goods to which section 123 applies and the market price whereof exceeds one lakh of rupees, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and with fine :


Provided that in the absence of special and adequate reasons to the contrary to be recorded in the judgment of the court, such imprisonment shall not be for less than three years;


(ii) in any other case, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.


2(2) If any person convicted of an offence under this section or under sub-section (1) of section 136 is again convicted of an offence under this section, then, he shall be punishable for the second and for every subsequent offence with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and with fine :


Provided that in the absence of special and adequate reasons to the contrary to be recorded in the judgment of the court such imprisonment shall not be for less than 3one year.


(3) For the purposes of sub-sections (1) and (2), the following shall not be considered as special and adequate reasons for awarding a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than one year, namely :- (i) the fact that the accused has been convicted for the first time for an offence under this Act;


(ii) the fact that in any proceeding under this Act, other than a prosecution, the accused has been ordered to pay a penalty or the goods which are the subject matter of such proceedings have been ordered to be confiscated or any other action has been taken against him for the same act which constitutes the offence;


(iii) the fact that the accused was not the principal offender and was acting merely as a carrier of goods or otherwise was a secondary party to the commission of the offence;


(iv) the age of the accused.


Comments


Where the case has been established that the wrist watches having foreign marks were the smuggled goods; the conviction was justified; Union of India v. Shyamsunder, AIR 1994 SC 485.


—————


1.  Subs. by Act 22 of 2007, for sub-section (1). Earlier section 135 was renumbered as sub-section thereof by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 5 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973) and was amended by Act 25 of 1978, sec. 16 (w.e.f. 1-7-1978) by Act 40 of 1989, sec. 3 (w.e.f. 26-10-1989) and by Act 32 of 2003, sec. 124 (w.e.f. 14-5-2003). Sub-section (1), before substitution by Act 22 of 2007, stood as under:


“(1) Without prejudice to any action that may be taken under this Act, if any person—


(a) is in relation to any goods in any way knowingly concerned in misdeclaration of value or in any fraudulent evasion or attempt at evasion of any duty chargeable thereon or of any prohibition for the time being imposed under this Act or any other law for the time being in force with respect to such goods, or


(b)  acquires possession of or is in any way concerned in carrying, removing, depositing, harbouring, keeping, concealing, selling or purchasing or in any other manner dealing with any goods which he knows or has reason to believe are liable to confiscation under section 111 or section 113, as the case may be, or,


(c)  attempts to export any goods which he knows or has reason to believe are liable to confiscation under section 113, shall be punishable,—


(i) in the case of an offence relating to any of the goods to which section 123 applies and the market price whereof exceeds one lakh of rupees, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and with fine:


Provided that in the absence of special and adequate reasons to the contrary to be recorded in the judgment of the court, such imprisonment shall not be for less than three years;


(ii) in any other case with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.”.


2.  Ins. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 5 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).


3.  Subs. by Act 25 of 1978, sec. 16, for “six months” (w.e.f. 1-7-1978).


135A. PREPARATION. –

If a person makes preparation to export any goods in contravention of the provisions of this Act, and from the circumstances of the case it may be reasonably inferred that if not prevented by circumstances independent of his will, he is determined to carry out his intention to commit the offence, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.


———


1.  Ins. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 6 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).


135B. POWER OF COURT TO PUBLISH NAME, PLACE OF BUSINESS, ETC., OF PERSONS CONVICTED UNDER THE ACT. –

(1) Where any person is convicted under this Act for contravention of any of the provisions, thereof, it shall be competent for the court convicting the person to cause the name and place of business or residence of such person, nature of the contravention, the fact that the person has been so convicted and such other particulars as the court may consider to be appropriate in the circumstances of the case, to be published at the expense of such person in such newspapers or in such manner as the court may direct.


(2) No publication under subsection (1) shall be made until the period for preferring an appeal against the orders of the court has expired without any appeal having been preferred, or such an appeal, having been preferred, has been disposed of.


(3) The expenses of any publication under sub-section (1) shall be recoverable from the convicted person as if it were a fine imposed by the court.


—————


1.  Ins. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 6 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).


136. OFFENCES BY OFFICERS OF CUSTOMS. –

(1) If any officer of customs enters into or acquiesces in any agreement to do, abstains from doing, permits, conceals or 1connives at any act or thing whereby any duty of customs leviable on any goods, or any prohibition for the time being in force under this Act or any other law for the time being in force with respect to any goods is or may be evaded, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2three years, or with fine, or with both.


(2) If any officer of customs, –


(a) requires any person to be searched for goods liable to confiscation or any document relating thereto, without having reason to believe that he has such goods or document secreted about his person; or


(b) arrests any person without having reason to believe that he has been guilty of an offence punishable under section 135; or


(c) searches or authorises any other officer of customs to search any place without having reason to believe that any goods, documents or things of the nature referred to in section 105 are secreted in that place, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.


(3) If any officer of customs, except in the discharge in good faith of his duty as such officer or in compliance with any requisition made under any law for the time being in force, discloses any particulars learnt by him in his official capacity in respect of any goods, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.


—————


1.  Subs. by Act 32 of 2003, sec. 125, for “connives at any act or thing whereby” (w.e.f. 14-5-2003).


2.  Subs. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 7, for “two years” (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).


137. COGNIZANCE OF OFFENCES.-

(1) No court shall take cognizance of any offence under section 132, section 133, section 134 or 1section 135, except with the previous sanction of the 2Commissioner of Customs.


(2) No court shall take cognizance of any offence under section 136, –


(a) where the offence is alleged to have been committed by an officer of customs not lower in rack than3Assistant Commissioner of Customs, except with the previous sanction of the Central Government;


(b) where the offence is alleged to have been committed by an officer of customs lower in rank than3Assistant Commissioner of Customs, except with the previous sanction of the 2Commissioner of Customs.


4[(3) Any offence under this Chapter may, either before or after the institution of prosecution, be compounded by the Chief Commissioner of Customs on payment, by the person accused of the offence to the Central Government, of such compounding amount as may be specified by rules.]


—————


1.  Subs. by Act 29 of 2006, sec. 32, for “section 135” (w.e.f. 13-7-2006).


2.  Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


3.  Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Assistant Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995) and again subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 100, for “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f. 11-5-1999).


4.  Ins. by Act 23 of 2004, sec. 71 (w.e.f. 10-9-2004).


138. OFFENCES TO BE TRIED SUMMARILY. –

Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (5 of 1898)1 an offence under this Chapter other than an offence punishable 2[under clause (i) of sub-section (1) of section 135 or under sub-section (2) of that section] may be tried summarily by a magistrate..


—————


1.  See now the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).


2.  Subs. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 8, for “under clause (i) of section 135” (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).


138A. PRESUMPTION OF CULPABLE MENTAL STATE. –

1 (1) In any prosecution for an offence under this Act which requires a culpable mental state on the part of the accused, the court shall presume the existence of such mental state but it shall be a defence for the accused to prove the fact that he had no such mental state with respect to the act charged as an offence in that prosecution.


Explanation : In this section, “culpable mental state” includes intention, motive, knowledge of a fact and belief in, or reason to believe, a fact.


(2) For the purposes of this section, a fact is said to be proved only when the court believes it to exist beyond reasonable doubt and not merely when its existence is established by a preponderance of probability.


————


1. Ins. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 9 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).


138B. RELEVANCY OF STATEMENTS UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES. –

(1) A statement made and signed by a person before any gazetted officer of customs during the course of any inquiry or proceeding under this Act shall be relevant, for the purpose of proving, in any prosecution for an offence under this Act, the truth of the facts which it contains, –


(a) when the person who made the statement is dead or cannot be found, or is incapable of giving evidence, or is kept out of the way by the adverse party, or whose presence cannot be obtained without an amount of delay or expense which, under the circumstances of the case, the court considers unreasonable; or


(b) when the person who made the statement is examined as a witness in the case before the court and the court is of opinion that, having regard to the circumstances of the case, the statement should be admitted in evidence in the interests of justice.


(2) The provisions of sub-section (1) shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to any proceeding under this Act, other than a proceeding before a court, as they apply in relation to a proceeding before a court.


1.  Ins. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 9 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).


138C. ADMISSIBILITY OF MICRO FILMS, FACSIMILE COPIES OF DOCUMENTS AND COMPUTER PRINT OUTS AS DOCUMENTS AND AS EVIDENCE. –

1138C. ADMISSIBILITY OF MICRO FILMS, FACSIMILE COPIES OF DOCUMENTS AND COMPUTER PRINT OUTS AS DOCUMENTS AND AS EVIDENCE. -(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, –


(a) a micro film of a document or the reproduction of the image or images embodied in such micro film (whether enlarged or not); or


(b) a facsimile copy of a document; or


(c) a statement contained in a document and included in a printed material produced by a computer (hereinafter referred to as a “computer print out”), if the conditions mentioned in sub-section (2) and the other provisions contained in this section are satisfied in relation to the statement and the computer in question, shall be deemed to be also a document for the purposes of this Act and the rules made there under and shall be admissible in any proceedings there under, without further proof or production of the original, as evidence of any contents of the original or of any fact stated therein of which direct evidence would be admissible.


(2) The conditions referred to in sub-section (1) in respect of a computer print out shall be the following, namely :-


(a) the computer print out containing the statement was produced by the computer during the period over which the computer was used regularly to store or process information for the purposes of any activities regularly carried on over that period by the person having lawful control over the use of the computer;


(b) during the said period, there was regularly supplied to the computer in the ordinary course of the said activities, information of the kind contained in the statement or of the kind from which the information so contained is derived;


(c) throughout the material part of the said period, the computer was operating properly or, if not, then any respect in which it was not operating properly or was out of operation during that part of that period was not such as to affect the production of the document or the accuracy of the contents; and


(d) the information contained in the statement reproduces or is derived from information supplied to the computer in the ordinary course of the said activities.


(3) Where over any period, the function of storing or processing information for the purposes of any activities regularly carried on over that period as mentioned in clause (a) of sub-section (2) was regularly performed by computers, whether –


(a) by a combination of computers operating over that period; or


(b) by different computers operating in succession over that period; or


(c) by different combinations of computers operating in succession over


that period; or


(d) in any other manner involving the successive operation over that period, in whatever order, of one or more computers and one or more combinations of computers, all the computers used for that purpose during that period shall be treated for the purposes of this section as constituting a single computer; and references in this section to a computer shall be construed accordingly.


(4) In any proceedings under this Act and the rules made there under where it is desired to give a statement in evidence by virtue of this section, a certificate doing any of the following things, that is to say, –


(a) identifying the document containing the statement and describing the manner in which it was produced;


(b) giving such particulars of any device involved in the production of that document as may be appropriate for the purpose of showing that the document was produced by a computer;


(c) dealing with any of the matters to which the conditions mentioned in sub-section (2) relate, and purporting to be signed by a person occupying a responsible official position in relation to the operation of the relevant device or the management of the relevant activities (whichever is appropriate) shall be evidence of any matter stated in the certificate; and for the purposes of this sub-section it shall be sufficient for a matter to be stated to the best of the knowledge and belief of the person stating it.


(5) For the purposes of this section, –


(a) information shall be taken to be supplied to a computer if it is supplied thereto in any appropriate form and whether it is so supplied directly or (with or without human intervention) by means of any appropriate equipment;


(b) whether in the course of activities carried on by any official, information is supplied with a view to its being stored or processed for the purposes of those activities by a computer operated otherwise than in the course of those activities, that information, if duly supplied to that computer, shall be taken to be supplied to it in the course of those activities;

(c) a document shall be taken to have been produced by a computer whether it was produced by it directly or (with or without human intervention) by means of any appropriate equipment.


Explanation : For the purposes of this section, – (a) “computer” means any device that receives, stores and processes data, applying stipulated processes to the information and supplying results of these processes; and


(b) any reference to information being derived from other information shall be a reference to its being derived therefrom by calculation, comparison or any other process.


—————


1.  Ins. by Act 29 of 1988, sec. 6 (w.e.f. 1-7-1988).


139. PRESUMPTION AS TO DOCUMENTS IN CERTAIN CASES. –


1139. PRESUMPTION AS TO DOCUMENTS IN CERTAIN CASES. – Where any document –


(i) is produced by any person or has been seized from the custody or control of any person, in either case, under this Act or under any other law, or


(ii) has been received from any place outside India in the course of investigation of any offence alleged to have been committed by any person under this Act, and such document is tendered by the prosecution in evidence against him or against him and any other person who is tried jointly with him, the court Shall –


(a) presume, unless the contrary is proved, that the signature and every other part of such document which purports to be in the handwriting of any particular person or which the court may reasonably assume to have been signed by, or to be in the handwriting of, any particular person, is in that person’s handwriting, and in the case of a document executed or attested, that it was executed or attested by the person by whom it purports to have been so executed or attested;


(b) admit the document in evidence, notwithstanding that it is not duly stamped, if such document is otherwise admissible in evidence;


(c) in a case falling under clause (i) also presume, unless the contrary is proved, the truth of the contents of such document.


2Explanation : For the purposes of this section, “document” includes inventories, photographs and lists certified by a Magistrate under sub-section (1C) of section 110


 —————


1.  Subs. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 10, for section 139 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).


2.  Ins. by Act 80 of 1985, sec. 11 (w.e.f. 27-12-1985).


140. OFFENCES BY COMPANIES. –

(1) If the person committing an offence under this Chapter is a company, every person who, at the time the offence was committed was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of business of the company, as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly :


Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to such punishment provided in this Chapter if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.


(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Chapter has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any negligence on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.


Explanation : For the purposes of this section, –


(a) “company” means a body corporate and includes a firm or other association of individuals; and


(b) “director”, in relation to a firm, means a partner in the firm.


140A. APPLICATION OF SECTION 562 OF THE CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE, 1898, AND OF THE PROBATION OF OFFENDERS ACT, 1958. –

(1) Nothing contained in section 562 of the 2Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (5 of 1898), 260 or in the Probation of Offenders Act, 1958 (20 of 1958), shall apply to a person convicted of an offence under this Act unless that person is under eighteen years of age.


(2) The provisions of sub-section (1) shall have effect notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3) of section 135.


—————


1.  Ins. by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 11 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).


2.  See now section 360 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).


141. CONVEYANCES AND GOODS IN A CUSTOMS AREA SUBJECT TO CONTROL OF OFFICERS OF CUSTOMS. . –

All conveyances and goods in a customs area shall, for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of this Act, be subject to the control of officers of customs.


142. RECOVERY OF SUMS DUE TO GOVERNMENT. –

(1) 1[Where any sum payable by any person] under this Act 2[including the amount required to be paid to the credit of the Central Government under section 28B] is not paid,—


(a) the proper officer may deduct or may require any other officer of customs to deduct the amount so payable from any money owing to such person which may be under the control of the proper officer or such other officer of customs; or


(b) the 3Assistant Commissioner of Customs may recover or may require any other officer of customs to recover the amount so payable by detaining and selling any goods belonging to such person which are under the control of the Assistant Commissioner of Customs or such other officer of customs; or


5(c) if the amount cannot be recovered from such person in the manner provided in clause (a) or clause (b) –


(i) the 4Assistant Commissioner of Customs may prepare a certificate signed by him specifying the amount due from such person and send it to the Collector of the district in which such person owns any Property or resides or carries on his business and the said Collector on receipt of such certificate shall proceed to recover from such person the amount specified there under as if it were an arrear of land revenue; or


(ii) the proper officer may, on an authorisation by a Commissioner of Customs and in accordance with the rules made in this behalf, distain any movable or immovable property belonging to or under the control of such person, and detain the same until the amount payable is paid; and in case, any part of the said amount payable or of the cost of the distress or keeping of the property, remains unpaid for a period of thirty days next after any such distress, may cause the said property to be sold and with the proceeds of such sale, may satisfy the amount payable and the costs including cost of sale remaining unpaid and shall render the surplus, if any, to such person.


6[Provided that where the person (hereinafter referred to as predecessor), by whom any sum payable under this Act including the amount required to be paid to the credit of the Central Government under section 28B is not paid, transfers or otherwise disposes of his business or trade in whole or in part, or effects any change in the ownership thereof, in consequence of which he is succeeded in such business or trade by any other person, all goods, materials, preparations, plants, machineries, vessels, utensils, implements and articles in the custody or possession of the person so succeeding may also be attached and sold by the proper officer, after obtaining written approval from the Commissioner of Customs, for the purposes of recovering the amount so payable by such predecessor at the time of such transfer or otherwise disposal or change.]


(2) Where the terms of any bond or other instrument executed under this Act or any rules or regulations made there under provide that any amount due under such instrument may be recovered in the manner laid down in sub-section (1), the amount may, without prejudice to any other mode of recovery, be recovered in accordance with the provisions of that sub-section.


—————


1.  Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 66, for certain words (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


2.  Ins. by Act 10 of 2000, sec. 88 (w.e.f. 12-5-2000).


3.  Subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 100, for “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f. 11-5-1999). Earlier the words “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” were substituted by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for the words “Assistant Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


4.  Subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 100, for “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f.11-5-1999). Earlier the words “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” were substituted by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for the words “Assistant Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


5.  Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 66, for clause (c) (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


6.  Ins. by Act 23 of 2004, sec. 72 (w.e.f. 10-9-2004).


143. Power to allow import or export on execution of bonds in certain cases.

(1) Where this Act or any other law requires anything to be done before a person can import or export any goods or clear any goods from the control of officers of customs and the 1[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs] is satisfied that having regard to the circumstances of the case, such thing cannot be done before such import, export or clearance without detriment to that person, the 1[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs], may, notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or such other law, grant leave for such import, export or clearance on the person executing a bond in such amount, with such surety or security and subject to such conditions as the 1[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs] approves, for the doing of that thing within such time after the import, export or clearance as may be specified in the bond.


(2) If the thing is done within the time specified in the bond, the 1[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs] shall cancel the bond as discharged in full and shall, on demand, deliver it, so cancelled, to the person who has executed or who is entitled to receive it; and in such a case that person shall not be liable to any penalty provided in this Act or, as the case may be, in such other law for the contravention of the provisions thereof relating to the doing of that thing.


(3) If the thing is not done within the time specified in the bond, the 1[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs] shall, without prejudice to any other action that may be taken under this Act or any other law for the time being in force, be entitled to proceed upon the bond in accordance with law.


—————


1. Subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 100, for “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f. 11-5-1999). Earlier the words “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” were substituted by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for the words “Assistant Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


143A. Duty deferment.—

1[143A. Duty deferment.—(1) When any material is imported under an import licence belonging to the category of Advance Licence granted under the 2Imports and Exports (Control) Act, 1947 (18 of 1947), subject to an obligation to export the goods as are specified in the said Licence within the period specified therein, the 3[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs] may, notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, permit clearance of such material without payment of duty leviable thereon.


(2) The permission for clearance without payment of duty under sub-section (1) shall be subject to the following conditions, that is to say—


(a) the duty payable on the material imported shall be adjusted against the drawback of the duty payable under this Act under any other law for the time being in force on the export of goods specified in the said Advance Licence; and


(b) where the duty is not so adjusted either for the reason that the goods are not exported within the period specified in the said Advance Licence, or within such extended period not exceeding six months as the 3[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs] may, on sufficient cause being shown, allow, or for any other sufficient reason, the importer shall, notwithstanding anything contained in section 28, be liable to pay the amount of duty not so adjusted together with simple interest thereon at the rate of twelve per cent. per annum from the date the said permission for clearance is given to the date of payment.


(3) While permitting clearance under sub-section (1), the 3[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs] may require the importer to execute a bond with such surety or security as he thinks fit for complying with the conditions specified in sub-section (2)].


—————


1. Ins. by Act 25 of 1978, sec. 17 (w.e.f. 1-7-1987).


2. See now the Foreign Trade Development and Regulation Act, 1992 (22 of 1992).


3. Subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 100, for “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f. 11-5-1999). Earlier the words “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” were substituted by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for the words “Assistant Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


144. POWER TO TAKE SAMPLES. –

(1) The proper officer may, on the entry or clearance of any goods or at any time while such goods are being passed through the customs area, take samples of such goods in the presence of the owner thereof, for examination or testing, or for ascertaining the value thereof, or for any other purposes of this Act.


(2) After the purpose for which a sample was taken is carried out, such sample shall, if practicable, be restored to the owner, but if the owner fails to take delivery of the sample within three months of the date on which the sample was taken, it may be disposed of in such manner as the 1Commissioner of Customs may direct.


(3) No duty shall be chargeable on any sample of goods taken under this section which is consumed or destroyed during the course of any test or examination thereof, if such duty amounts to five rupees or more.


————


   1.  Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f 26-5-1995).


145. OWNER, ETC., TO PERFORM OPERATIONS INCIDENTAL TO COMPLIANCE WITH CUSTOMS LAW. –

All operations necessary for making any goods available for examination by the proper officer or for facilitating such examination shall be performed by, or at the expense of, the owner, importer or exporter of the goods, as the case may be.


 146. CUSTOM HOUSE AGENTS TO BE LICENSED. –

(1) No person shall carry on business as an agent relating to the entry or departure of a conveyance or the import or export of goods at any customs-station unless such person holds a licence granted in this behalf in accordance with the regulations.


(2) The Board may make regulations for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this section and, in particular, such regulations may provide for –


(a) the authority by which a licence may be granted under this section and the period of validity of any such licence;


(b) the form of the licence and the fees payable therefore;


(c) the qualifications of persons who may apply for a licence and the


qualifications of persons to be employed by a licensee to assist him in his work as an agent;


(d) the restrictions and conditions (including the furnishing of security by the licensee) subject to which a licence may be granted;


(e) the circumstances in which a licence may be suspended or revoked; and


(f) the appeals, if any, against an order of suspension or revocation of a licence, and the period within which such appeals shall be filed.


146A. APPEARANCE BY AUTHORISED REPRESENTATIVE. –

1146A. APPEARANCE BY AUTHORISED REPRESENTATIVE. (1) Any person who is entitled or required to appear before an officer of customs or the Appellate Tribunal in connection with any proceedings under this Act, otherwise than when required under section 108 to attend personally for examination on oath or affirmation, may, subject to the other provisions of this section, appear by an authorised representative.


(2) For the purposes of this section, “authorised representative” means a person authorised by the person referred to in sub-section (1) to appear on his behalf, being –


(a) his relative or regular employee; or


(b) a custom house agent licensed under section 146; or


(c) any legal practitioner who is entitled to practice in any civil court in India; or


(d) any person who has acquired such qualifications as the Central Government may specify by rules made in this behalf.


(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, no person who was a member of the Indian Customs and Central Excise Service – Group A and has retired or resigned from such Service after having served for not less than three years in any capacity in that Service shall be entitled to appear as an authorised representative in any proceedings before an officer of customs for a period of two years from the date of his retirement or resignation, as the case may be.


(4) No person, –


(a) who has been dismissed or removed from Government service; or


(b) who is convicted of an offence connected with any proceeding under this Act, the Central Excises and Salt Act, 1944 (1 of 1944), or the 3Gold


(Control) Act, 1968 (45 of 1968); or


(c) who has become an insolvent, shall be qualified to represent any person under sub-section (1), for all times in the case of a person referred to in clause (a), and for such time as the 4[Commissioner of Customs] or the competent authority under the 2Central Excises and Salt Act, 1944, or the 2Gold (Control) Act, 1968,, as the case may be, may, by order, determine in the case of a person referred to in clause (b), and for the period during which the insolvency continues in the case of a person referred to in clause (c).


(5) If any person, –


(a) who is a legal practitioner, is found guilty of misconduct in his professional capacity by any authority entitled to institute proceedings against him, an order passed by that authority shall have effect in relation to his right to appear before an officer of customs or the Appellate Tribunal as it has in relation to his right to practise as a legal practitioner;


(b) who is not a legal practitioner, is found guilty of misconduct in connection with any proceedings under this Act by such authority as may be specified by rules made in this behalf, that authority may direct that he shall thenceforth be disqualified to represent any person under sub-section (1).


(6) Any order or direction under clause (b) of sub-section (4) or clause (b) of sub-section (5) shall be subject to the following conditions, namely :-


(a) no such order or direction shall be made in respect of any person unless he has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard;


(b) any person against whom any such order or direction is made may, within one month of the making of the order or direction, appeal to the Board to have the order or direction cancelled; and


(c) no such order or direction shall take effect until the expiration of one month from the making thereof, or, where an appeal has been preferred, until the disposal of the appeal.


—————


1.  Ins. by Act 44 of 1980, sec. 50 and Fifth Sch., Pt. 1 (w.e.f. 11-10-1982).


2.  See now the Central Excise Act, 1944 (1 of 1944).


3.  This Act has been repealed by Act 18 of 1990, sec. 2 (w.e.f. 6-6-1990).


4.  Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f 26-5-1995).


147. LIABILITY OF PRINCIPAL AND AGENT. –

(1) Where this Act requires anything to be done by the owner, importer or exporter of any goods, it may be done on his behalf by his agent.


(2) Any such thing done by an agent of the owner, importer or exporter of any goods shall, unless the contrary is proved, be deemed to have been done with the knowledge and consent of such owner, importer or exporter, so that in any proceedings under this Act, the owner, importer or exporter of the goods shall also be liable as if the thing had been done by himself.


(3) When any person is expressly or impliedly authorised by the owner, importer or exporter of any goods to be his agent in respect of such goods for all or any of the purposes of this Act, such person shall, without prejudice to the liability of the owner, importer or exporter, be deemed to be the owner, importer or exporter of such goods for such purposes :


Provided that where any duty is not levied or is short-levied or erroneously refunded on account of any reason other than any willful act, negligence or default of the agent, such duty shall not be recovered from the agent unless in the opinion of 1Assistant Commissioner of Customs the same cannot be recovered from the owner, importer or exporter.


 —————


1.  Subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 100, for “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f. 11-5-1999). Earlier the words “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” were substituted by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for the words “Assistant Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


148. LIABILITY OF AGENT APPOINTED BY THE PERSON IN CHARGE OF A CONVEYANCE. –

(1) Where this Act requires anything to be done by the person in charge of a conveyance, it may be done on his behalf by his agent.


(2) An agent appointed by the person in charge of a conveyance and any person who represents himself to any officer of customs as an agent of any such person in charge, and is accepted as such by that officer, shall be liable for the fulfillment in respect of the matter in question of all obligations imposed on such person in charge by or under this Act or any law for the time being in force, and to penalties and confiscations which may be incurred in respect of that matter.


149. AMENDMENT OF DOCUMENTS. –

Save as otherwise provided in sections 30 and 41, the proper officer may, in his discretion, authorise any document, after it has been presented in the custom house to be amended :


Provided that no amendment of a bill of entry or a shipping bill or bill of export shall be so authorised to be amended after the imported goods have been cleared for home consumption or deposited in a warehouse, or the export goods have been exported, except on the basis of documentary evidence which was in existence at the time the goods were cleared, deposited or exported, as the case may be.


150. PROCEDURE FOR SALE OF GOODS AND APPLICATION OF SALE PROCEEDS. –

(1) Where any goods not being confiscated goods are to be sold under any provisions of this Act, they shall, after notice to the owner thereof, be sold by public auction or by tender or with the consent of the owner in any other manner.


(2) The proceeds of any such sale shall be applied –


(a) firstly to the payment of the expenses of the sale,


(b) next to the payment of the freight and other charges, if any, payable in respect of the goods sold, to the carrier, if notice of such charges has been given to the person having custody of the goods,


(c) next to the payment of the duty, if any, on the goods sold,


(d) next to the payment of the charges in respect of the goods sold due to the person having the custody of the goods,


(e) next to the payment of any amount due from the owner of the goods to the Central Government under the provisions of this Act or any other law relating to customs, and the balance, if any, shall be paid to the owner of the goods.


151. CERTAIN OFFICERS REQUIRED TO ASSIST OFFICERS OF CUSTOMS. –

The following officers are hereby empowered and required to assist officers of customs in the execution of this Act, namely :- (a) officers of the Central Excise Department;


(b) officers of the Navy;


(c) officers of Police;


(d) officers of the Central or State Governments employed at any port or airport;


(e) such other officers of the Central or State Governments or a local authority as are specified by the Central Government in this behalf by notification in Official Gazette.


151A. INSTRUCTIONS TO OFFICERS OF CUSTOMS. –

1 151A. INSTRUCTIONS TO OFFICERS OF CUSTOMS.The Board may, if it considers it necessary or expedient so to do for the purpose of uniformity in the classification of goods or with respect to the levy of duty thereon, issue such orders, instructions and directions to officers of customs as it may deem fit and such officers of customs and all other persons employed in the execution of this Act shall observe and follow such orders, instructions and directions of the Board :


Provided that no such orders, instructions or directions shall be issued –


(a) so as to require any such officer of customs to make a particular assessment or to dispose of a particular case in a particular manner; or


(b) so as to interfere with the discretion of the Commissioner of Custom (Appeals) in the exercise of his appellate functions.


Comments


The provisions of section 151A of the Customs Act are in pari materia with the provisions of section 119 of Income Tax Act, 1961 and section 37B of the Central Excise Act, 1944. Parliament introduced section 151A by an amendment to the Customs Act, 1962 in 1995 but with retrospective effect from 27-12-1985. When the Supreme Court had  already construed identical language in the Central Excise Act and the Income Tax Act, it may be assumed that Parliament had legislatively approved the construction by using the exact words so construed again in the Customs Act. There is, therefore, no reason why the principles enunciated by the Supreme Court under the two earlier Acts should not also be determinative of the construction. But on the later in respect of a materially similar statutory provision;Commissioner of Customs, Calcutta v. Indian Oil Corpn. Ltd., (2004) 3 SCC 488.


—————


1.  Ins. by Act 80 of 1985, sec. 12 (w.e.f. 27-12-1985).


152. DELEGATION OF POWERS. –

The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that subject to such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the notification –


(a) any power exercisable by the Board under this Act shall be exercisable also by 1[a 2[Chief Commissioner of Customs] or a 3[Commissioner of Customs]] empowered in this behalf by the Central Government;


(b) any power exercisable by a 3[Commissioner of Customs] under this Act may be exercisable also by a4[Joint Commissioner of Customs] or an 5[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs] empowered in this behalf by the Central Government;


(c) any power exercisable by a 4[Joint Commissioner of Customs] under this Act may be exercisable also by an 15[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs] empowered in this behalf by the Central Government;


(d) any power exercisable by an 6[Assistant Commissioner of Customs or Deputy Commissioner of Customs] under this Act may be exercisable also by a gazetted officer of customs empowered in this behalf by the Board.


—————


1. The words “a Principal Collector of Customs or a Collector of Customs” ins. by Act 29 of 1988, sec. 7, for “a Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 1-7-1988).


2. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Principal Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


3. Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for “Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


4. Subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 100, for “Deputy Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f. 11-5-1999). Earlier the words “Deputy Commissioner of Customs” were substituted by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for the words “Deputy Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


5. Subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 100, for “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f. 11-5-1999). Earlier the words “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” were substituted by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for the words “Assistant Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


6. Subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 100, for “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” (w.e.f. 11-5-1999). Earlier the words “Assistant Commissioner of Customs” were substituted by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 50, for the words “Assistant Collector of Customs” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


153. SERVICE OF ORDER, DECISION, ETC. –

Any order or decision passed or any summons or notice issued under this Act, shall be served –


(a) by tendering the order, decision, summons or notice or sending it by registered post to the person for whom it is intended or to his agent; or


(b) if the order, decision, summons or notice cannot be served in the manner provided in clause (a), by affixing it on the notice board of the customs house.


154. CORRECTION OF CLERICAL ERRORS, ETC. –

Clerical or arithmetical mistakes in any decision or order passed by the Central Government, the Board or any officer of customs under this Act, or errors arising therein from any accidental slip or omission may, at any time, be corrected by the Central Government, the Board or such officer of customs or the successor in office of such officer, as the case may be.


154A. ROUNDING OFF OF DUTY, ETC. –

The amount of duty, interest, penalty, fine or any other sum payable, and the amount of refund, drawback or any other sum due, under the provisions of this Act shall be rounded off to the nearest rupee and, for this purpose, where such amount contains a part of a rupee consisting of paise then, if such part is fifty paise or more, it shall be increased to one rupee and if such part is less than fifty paise it shall be ignored.


154B. Publication of information respecting persons in certain cases.

1[154B. Publication of information respecting persons in certain cases.—(1) If the Central Government is of opinion that it is necessary or expedient in the public interest to publish the names of any person and any other particulars relating to any proceedings or prosecutions under this Act in respect of such person, it may cause to be published such names and particulars in such manner as it thinks fit.


(2) No publication under this section shall be made in relation to any penalty imposed under this Act until the time for presenting an appeal to the Commissioner (Appeals) under section 128 or the Appellate Tribunal under section 129A, as the case may be, has expired without an appeal having been presented or the appeal, if presented, has been disposed of.


Explanation.—In the case of a firm, company or other association of persons, the names of the partners of the firm, directors, managing agents, secretaries and treasurers or managers of the company, or the members of the association, as the case may be, may also be published if, in the opinion of the Central Government, circumstances of the case justify it.]


—————


1. Subs. by Act 2 of 2006, sec. 33 (w.e.f. 13-7-2006).


155. PROTECTION OF ACTION TAKEN UNDER THE ACT. –

 (1) No suit, prosecution or other legal proceedings shall lie against the Central Government or any officer of the Government or a local authority for anything which is done, or intended to be done in good faith, in pursuance of this Act or the rules or regulations.


(2) No proceeding other than a suit shall be commenced against the Central Government or any officer of the Government or a local authority for anything purporting to be done in pursuance of this Act without giving the Central Government or such officer a month’s previous notice in writing of the intended proceeding and of the cause thereof, or after the expiration of three months from the accrual of such cause.


156. GENERAL POWER TO MAKE RULES. –

(1) Without prejudice to any power to make rules contained elsewhere in this Act, the Central Government may make rules consistent with this Act generally to carry out the purposes of this Act.


(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely :-


1[(a) the manner of determining the transaction value of the imported goods and export goods under sub-section (1) of section 14;]


(b) the conditions subject to which accessories of and spare parts and maintenance and repairing implements for, any article shall be chargeable at the same rate of duty as that article;


2[***]


(d) the detention and confiscation of goods the importation of which is prohibited and the conditions, if any, to be fulfilled before such detention and confiscation and the information, notices and security to be given and the evidence requisite for the purposes of such detention or confiscation and the mode of verification of such evidence;


(e) the reimbursement by an informant to any public officer of all expenses and damages incurred in respect of any detention of any goods made on his information and of any proceedings consequent on such detention;


(f) the information required in respect of any goods mentioned in a shipping bill or bill of export which are not exported or which are exported and are afterwards re-landed;


3[(g) the publication, subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, of names and other particulars of persons who have been found guilty of contravention of any of the provisions of this Act or the rules.]


4[(h) the amount to be paid for compounding under sub-section (3) of section 137.]


———-


1. Subs. by Act 22 of 2007, sec. 113, for clause (a). Earlier clause (a) was substituted by Act 27 of 1988, sec. 3 (w.e.f. 16-8-1988). Clause (a), before substitution by Act 22 of 2007, stood as under:


“(a) the manner of determining the price of imported goods under sub-section (1A) of section 14;”.


2. Clause (c) omitted by Act 26 of 1988, sec. 80 (w.e.f. 13-5-1988).


3. Added by Act 36 of 1973, sec. 12 (w.e.f. 1-9-1973).


4. Ins. by Act 23 of 2004, sec. 73 (w.e.f. 10-9-2004).


157. GENERAL POWER TO MAKE REGULATIONS. –

(1) Without prejudice to any power to make regulations contained elsewhere in this Act, the Board may make regulations consistent with this Act and the rules, generally to carry out the purposes of this Act.


(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such regulations may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely :-


(a) the form of a bill of entry, shipping bill, bill of export, import manifest, import report, export manifest, export report, 1bill of transshipment, declaration for transshipment boat note and bill of coastal goods;


2[(aa)  the 3[form and manner] in which an application for refund shall be made under section 27;]


(b) the conditions subject to which the transshipment of all or any goods under sub-section (3) of section 54, the transportation of all or any goods under section 56 and the removal of warehoused goods from one warehouse to another under section 67, may be allowed without payment of duty;


(c) the conditions subject to which any manufacturing process or other operations may be carried on in a warehouse under section 65.


—————


1.  Subs. by Act 27 of 1999, sec. 115, for “bill of transshipment” (w.e.f. 11-5-1999)


2.  Ins. by Act 40 of 1991, sec. 14 (w.e.f. 20-9-1991).


3.  Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 67, for “form” (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


158. PROVISIONS WITH RESPECT TO RULES AND REGULATIONS. –

(1) All rules and regulations made under this Act shall be published in the Official Gazette.


(2) Any rule or regulation which the Central Government or the Board is empowered to make under this Act may provide –


(i) for the levy of fees in respect of applications, amendment of documents, furnishing of duplicates of documents, issue of certificates, and supply of statistics, and for rendering of any services by officers of customs under this Act;


(ii) that any person who contravenes any provision of a rule or regulation or abets such contravention or any person who fails to comply with any provision of a rule or regulation with which it was his duty to comply, shall be liable, –


(a) in the case of contravention or failure to comply with a rule, to a penalty which may extend to five hundred rupees;


(b) in the case of contravention or failure to comply with a regulation, to a penalty which may extend to two hundred rupees.


159. RULES, CERTAIN NOTIFICATIONS AND ORDERS TO BE LAID BEFORE PARLIAMENT. –

1Every rule or regulation made under this Act, every notification issued under sections 11, 11B, 11H, 11-I, 11K, 11N, 14,25, 28A, 43, 66, 69, 70, 74,75, 76, 98, 98A, 101 and 123 and every order made under sub-section (2) of section 25, other than an order relating to goods of strategic, secret, individual or personal nature, shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made or issued, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session, or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or regulation or notification or order, or both Houses agree that the rule or regulation should not be made or notification or order should not be issued or made, the rule or regulation or notification or order shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or regulation or notification or order.


—————


1.  Subs. by Act 22 of 1995, sec. 68, for section 159 (w.e.f. 26-5-1995).


160. REPEAL AND SAVINGS. –

(1) The enactments specified in the Schedule are hereby repealed to the extent mentioned in the fourth column thereof.


(2) In the Indian Tariff Act, 1934 (32 of 1934) –


(a) for section 2, the following section shall be substituted, namely :- “2. Duties specified in the Schedules to be levied. The rates at which duties of customs shall be levied under the Customs Act, 1962, are specified in the First and Second Schedules.”;


(b) sections 5 and 6 shall stand repealed.


(3) Notwithstanding the repeal of any enactment by this section, – (a) any notification, rule, regulation, order or notice issued or any appointment or declaration made or any licence, permission or exemption granted for any assessment made, confiscation adjudged or any duty levied or any penalty or fine imposed or any forfeiture, cancellation or discharge of any bond ordered or any other thing done or any other action taken under any repealed enactment shall, so far as it is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provision of this Act;


(b) any document referring to any enactment hereby repealed shall be construed as referring to this Act or to the corresponding provision of this Act.


(4) This Act shall apply to all goods which are subject to the control of customs at the commencement of this Act notwithstanding that the goods were imported before such commencement.


(5) Where the period prescribed for any application, appeal, revision or other proceeding under any repealed enactment had expired on or before the commencement of this Act, nothing in this Act shall be construed as enabling any such application, appeal or revision to be made or a proceeding to be instituted under this Act by reason only of the fact that a longer period therefor is prescribed or provision is made for extension of


time in suitable cases by the appropriate authority.


(6) The provisions of section 65 shall apply to goods warehoused before the commencement of this Act if the operations permissible under that section were carried on after such commencement.


(7) Any duty or penalty payable under any repealed enactment may be recovered in a manner provided under this Act but without prejudice to any action already taken for the recovery of such duty or penalty under the repealed enactment.


(8) The mention of particular matters in sub-sections (4), (5), (6) and (7) shall not be held to prejudice or affect the general application of section 6 of the General Clauses Act, 1897 (10 of 1897), with regard to the effect of repeals.


(9) Nothing in this Act shall affect any law for the time being in force relating to the constitution and powers of any Port authority in a major port as defined in the Indian Ports Act, 1908 (15 of 1908).


161. REMOVAL OF DIFFICULTIES. –

If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, particularly in relation to the transition from the enactments repealed by this Act to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by general or special order, do anything not inconsistent with such provisions which appears to be ] necessary or expedient for the purpose of removing the difficulty.


Schedule. –

(See Section 160)


Repeals


Year


No.


Short title


Extent of repeal


1


2


3


4


1878


8


The Sea Customs Act

The whole


1896


8


The Inland Bonded Warehouse Act

The whole


1924


19


The Land Customs Act

The whole


1934


22


The Aircraft Act

Section 16

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