United Nation Security Council established in 1945 by United Nation Charter. The primary responsibility is to work to maintain international peace & security. UNSC head quarter located in New York city. It is one of the 6 organs of the United Nation. UNSC has 15 members divided into 5 permanent members & 10 non-permanent members. Non-permanent members are elected for the term of 2 years on rotational basis. The 5 permanent member of the UNSC are USA, Russia, France, China & UK. The Council presidency is a capacity that rotates every month among its 15 members. India for the term of 2021-2022 elected for the 8th time as non-permanent member for 2 years term.
India took active part in the formation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1947-1948. India raised its voice against the racial discrimination in South Africa. India also collaborated to maintaining international peace & security. India has taken part in 43 peacekeeping missions & take part in major decision making on several issues like deadly conflict in Middle East & maintaining peace in Africa.
The usual UN rules does not apply in the UNSC and no records of its meeting were kept by the UN bodies. The veto power that the UNSC’s five permanent member enjoys is an archaic in 21st century. The absence of globally important country in the UNSC is a matter of concern one of the global important country is India which is not the permanent member of UNSC. Difference in opinion among the permanent member of the UNSC will lead to blocking of key & urgent decision.
There is need to reform in the security council through expansion in permanent & non-permanent member in order to maintain international peace & security. The imbalance between the power of permanent member of UNSC that resulted into the delay in decision making need to address immediately.