Saturday, 29 January 2022

Main reasons for failure of the Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946

 Main reasons for failure of Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946

The Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946 arrived on March 24, with the objective to make Independent India and to make a constitution for the undivided India. It spends 3weks to discuss with various political leaders and came with its own recommendation.  Which got rejected by the Congress and Muslim leagues. For several reasons the Cabinet Mission Plan got rejected. Let’s know them one by one.

Reasons for failure of the Cabinet Mission Plan,1946 are as follows-

  • The Congress party wanted a strong centre with minimum powers for the provinces.

  •  The Muslim league wanted strong political safeguards for the Muslim like  parity legislature.

  • Since both parties had many ideological differences and couldn’t find common grounds. the mission came off with its own set of proposal in 1946.

  •  The Congress was not keen on the idea of the groupings of provinces on the basis of Hindu and Muslim  majority and vying Control on the centre.  It was also against the idea of a weak centre. The Muslim league did not want any changes to the proposal.

  • , since the plan was not accepted,  a new mission plan was proposed by the mission in June 1946. The plan proposed the division of India into a Hindu majority and  a Muslim majority, later To be renamed as Pakistan. He list of princely state also made that could either join the union or remain independent.

  •  The Congress party under Jawaharlal Nehru do not accept the second plan. instead offered he agreed to be a part of the constituent assembly.

  • The viceroy invited 14 men to form the interim government.  There were five from the government, five From the Muslim league, one Of each representing Sikh, Parsi, Indian Christian and schedule cost community.

  •  Both the league and the government given the right to nominate the viceroy to the interim government. The Congress Nominet jacket Hussain as one of the members to which the league objected saying only had represented Indian Muslims and no other parties. The Muslim league did not take part in it.

  •  The Congress leaders entered the viceroy’s interim council and thus Nehru headed the interim government. The new government began the task for framing constitution for the country.

  • Congress governments form in most provinces including North West Frontier Province (NWFP). In Bengal and Sindh the Muslim league forms the government.

  • Jinnah and league objected to the new central Government. He gilded do edited for Pakistan and urged Muslims to demand Pakistan by any means. He called for direct action in 16 August in 1946.

  • These all spread to wide communal rioting in the country. 5000 people were being killed on the first day in Calcutta. Communal riot spread to many other areas notably Noakhali and Bihar.

  • There was a call for the partitioning on a country on the accounts of Riots. Sardar Ballav vai Patel was one of the 1st Congress leader to acknowledge the inevitability of the partition as a means to stop the brutal violence. 

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