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Showing posts from February, 2022

Equality before law

  Equality before law “The state shall not deny to any person equality before the law. Meaning of right to equality This means that every person, who lives within territory of India, has the equal right before the law. the meaning of this all are equal in same line. No discrimination based on religion ,race, caste, sex,and place of birth. its mean that all will be treated as equality among equal .and there will be no discrimination based on lower or higher class. Article-14 Of Constitution Of India The state not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within The territory of India. protection prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, Caste, sex, or place of birth. Prof. Dicey, explaining the concept of legal equality as it operated in England, said: “with us every official, from the prime minister down to a constable or a collector of taxes, is under the same responsibility for every act done without any legal justification as an


  ARTICLE-20 (1) No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of a law in force at the time of the commission of the Act charged as an offence, nor be subjected to a penalty greater than that which might have been inflicted under the law in force at the time of the commission of the offence. (2) No person shall be prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once. (3) No person accused of any offence shall be compelled to be a witness against himself. Ex post facto Ex Post Facto is a Latin word which means ‘after the fact’ or ‘out of the aftermath’ and also known as retroactive laws.  Ex Post Facto laws are those laws which are enacted after an action is committed making such an act illegal although it was legal when committed. In the literal sense, it’s a law which criminalizes such conduct which was once legal.  For Example- if ‘A’ committed theft on 17th Nov which was not an offence on that particular date. On 20th Nov. legislature enacted a law under w

Cyber Crime

  Cyber Crime   Cyber crime is also called as a computer crime, the use of computer related to day today life is changing for hackers they use computer for fraud, child pornography, and trafficking etc. Nowadays the Cyber Crime increase in daily life because the cyber crime is directly related and dependent on Technology, the more technology is increasing the more cases of cyber crime is increases. We see the pandemic which resulted in a lockdown in country the new form of work is originated it is there in our society but it is more used by nowadays people s a work from home. The pandemic resulted more uses of technology is related work. In my surrounding every person has their personal phone even children to, and this resulted in increases in cyber crime. I will share my own experience that my brother is faced the cyber crime from her bank account more than ten thousand rupees were stole by the cyber criminals, we do the report in police station but nothing happened.  The first record

Discrimination in India

  Discrimination in India  Discrimination is an act which is done by a person to another person to treat different on the basis of their race, age, gender, caste, or disability etc. The discrimination in India is performed from ancient time and has longer history in India. From the ancient times there was certain discrimination is based on the cast in India like in constitution of India there is Article 17 which is prohibited the untouchability, and some other law like the state shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.  The most major discrimination was performed from the medieval India is Untouchability, a particular group based on their work and caste they have to suffer discrimination among the society. There were a survey conducted by the India today which stated that about 27 percent of the Indian household still practice untouchability since Brahmin come on the top the caste chart, 52 percent of them p

The Directive Principle of State Policy

  The Directive Principle of State Policy The Directive Principle of State Policy or DPSP as enumerated in Part IV of the Constitution as discussed formerly in this article are the constitutional directives or recommendations to the State as far as the cases of Legislative, administrative and executive matters to keep in mind the ideals therein mentioned while formulating and enacting laws. The significance of these directives becomes evident from the fact that these Directive Principles at numerous instances help the court of law though having non-justiciable in nature, to determine the constitutional validity of a law. These Directives are often classified into three broad categories: Socialistic Principles  –  For e.g.  Article 38, to promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order permeated by justice – social, economic and political and thereby to minimize any types of inequalities be it income, status and opportunities.  Gandhian Principles  – These principles charac

19(2) of Indian Constitution

  19(2) of Indian Constitution    The Grounds on Which This Freedom Could Be Restricted Clause (2) of Article 19 of the Indian constitution imposes certain restrictions on free speech under following heads: I. security of the State, II. friendly relations with foreign States III. public order, IV. decency and morality, V. contempt of court, VI. defamation, VII. incitement to an offence, and VIII. sovereignty and integrity of India. Security of the State: Reasonable restrictions can be imposed on the freedom of speech and expression, in the interest of the security of the State. The term security of state has to be distinguished from public order. For security of state refers to serious and aggravated forms of public disorder, example rebellion, waging war against the state [entire state or part of the state], insurrection etc  People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) v. Union of India . In the case of  People’s Union for Civil Liberty versus Union of India  AIR 1997 SC 568 a public in