Monday, 24 January 2022

Right to Information Act 2005 and its Salient Features by Rejina Begam

 Right to Information Act, 2005 and it’s Features by Rejina Begam

  • In the current era, authentic, genuine, real information is a significant factor. Absence of which has badly affected the socio, economic, political development. Right to Information is a fundamental right provided under Article 19(1) (a). Thus, there should be accessibility of information in simplest way because every progressive country depends on the availability of genuine information. 

  • Meaning of RTI:

  • RTI stand for Right to information. In India, RTI Act came into force on the 12th October, 2005. However, before that 9 state Governments had passed state Acts. These were J & K, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Assam & Goa.

  • Aim and Objective:

  • To maintain democratic set up while giving proper and transparent information to citizens about the accountability of every public authority. To maintain conflicting interests between revelation of information and preserving of confidentiality. 

  • Note: The Right to Information Act, 2005 extends to the whole of India including Jammu & Kashmir with effect from October 31, 2019.  J&K Rght to Information Act 2009 and the Rules there under were repealed by the passing of J&K Reorganization Act 2019.

  • Salient features of the Act RTI, 2005

  1. The object of the Act is to promote transparency and accountability. 

  2. Section 3,states that Right to Information is fundamental right under Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India. Every citizen has the right to information. 

  3. Section 4, made it obligatory for every public authority to maintain index and catalogued of information to facilitate citizens. 

  4. Section 5,provides that to maintain all the records the public authority to designate as many officers as central public information officer or state public information officer and central or state assistant public information officer. 

  5. Section 6 , comprises that any person can seek information through writing or electronic means in English, Hindi or Official language of that area. 

  6. Section 7, states that on receive of the application, they should provide the information as early as prescribed time limit. 

  7. If the request of the applicant is rejected, the officer must communicate to the concerned party about the same. 

  8. Section 8 and 9 provides exemption clauses, which states that there should be no compulsion to provide any information which adversely affect the State. 

  9. According to Section 10, the officer must provide that information which is not exempted. 

  10. Last but not the least, Section 20 of the Act provides that if the PIO fails to furnish information asked or fails to communicate the rejection order within the time specified, the PIO may be liable to pay a penalty of Rs. 250/- per day for each day of delay subject to a maximum of Rs. 25,000/

  • On the basis of salient features of Right to Information Act, 2005 , we can understand the significance of it. In a democratic country, transparency and accountability of government is the vital aspect for the growth and development of that very country. Without genuine information and public’s participation , the democracy will collapse. Thus , this Act maintain and run the county in a most effective way giving citizens their fundamental rights . 

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