Monday, 24 January 2022



India's cyberspace was born in 1975 when the National Institute of Informatics (NIC) was founded with the goal of providing government IT solutions. Between 1986 and 1988, three networks (NWs) were established to connect various government agencies. These NWs are INDONET, NICNET (NIC NW), a national VSAT-NW (Very Small Aperture Terminal) for public sector organizations that connect India's computing infrastructure with the IBM mainframe installations that make up  the central government. 

 It was a liaison between the state  and the county government. , The third NW entity was ERNET (Education and Research Network), which serves the academic and research communities. The new Internet policy of 1998 paves the way for services from several Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and grows the Internet user base from 1.4 million in 1999 to more than 150 million by December 2012. 

Exponential growth is due to increased Internet access via mobile phones and tablets. The government is determined to increase the penetration rate of broadband from the current level of about 6%1. The broadband target is 160 million households by 2016 under the national broadband plan. Indian Railways, India's largest e-commerce retailer, has increased online sales  from 19 million tickets in 2008 to 44 million tickets in 2009, demonstrating India's rapid adaptation to the Internet. And 3800 rupees ($ 875 million). Attackers use cyber attacks on  critical information infrastructure for physical attacks as they become more dependent on critical information infrastructure technologies in the future and  such infrastructure remains vulnerable. 

 Has the same effect as an accident and  in the worst case can lead to physical damage. The operation of  air traffic control systems can affect airplane collisions, train collisions due to signal interference, or the  national economy. Failure of telecommunications services, power networks, oil production and distribution, stock market and banking infrastructure collapse. 

In India, cybercrime is on the rise as the use of the Internet increases. Data released by the National Crime Records Agency (NCRB) in 2010 show this trend. In 2010, 966 cybercriminal cases were registered  under  IT law across India (about 128% compared to 2009 and 235% compared to 2008), and 799 people were arrested in 2010. (It increased by about 177% and increased by about 349% compared to 2009)). 2008) In the case of cybercrime including hacking, obscene transmission, tampering, etc. Cyber ​​attackers have also  repeatedly tampered with Indian websites, especially government websites. 

In January 2012 alone, 1425 websites were compromised and 834 target websites were hosted. The media  reported on a series of high-profile cyber espionage attacks targeting a system of senior bureaucrats in India. Sectoral security. Major sectors such as banks and telecommunications are tightly regulated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the Telecommunications Bureau (DoT) and the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). Administrators repeatedly publish security guidelines, requiring businesses to implement them. For example, RBI has set up a working group on "Information Security, Electronic Banking, Technology Risk Management, Cyber ​​Fraud"

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