Discrimination in India
Discrimination is an act which is done by a person to another person to treat different on the basis of their race, age, gender, caste, or disability etc. The discrimination in India is performed from ancient time and has longer history in India. From the ancient times there was certain discrimination is based on the cast in India like in constitution of India there is Article 17 which is prohibited the untouchability, and some other law like the state shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.
The most major discrimination was performed from the medieval India is Untouchability, a particular group based on their work and caste they have to suffer discrimination among the society. There were a survey conducted by the India today which stated that about 27 percent of the Indian household still practice untouchability since Brahmin come on the top the caste chart, 52 percent of them practice untouchability. The most recent example of the discrimination which is indirectly related to it was a 5.43 percent of Indian marriage are inter cast it is just 5 percent which show the inter cast marriage are not allowed in India and rare also, family were not accept the boy/girl if he/she is a belonging to a particular cast. The personality who known for the fighting for the rights of the untouchables is Dr. B.R. Ambedkar they stated that ours is a battle not for wealth or for power. It is a battle for freedom. It is a battle for reclamation of Human personality.
Article 17 of the Indian constitution prohibited the practice of untouchability in India, Article 35 read with Article 17 confer on the Parliament power to make laws prescribing punishment for practice untouchability.
Article 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of constitution of India is related to discrimination, some of them are Equal remuneration ct, 1976 guarantees equal pay for equal work to men and women. Indian Penal Code, 1860 criminalizes the use of languages that promotes discrimination or violation against people on the basis of race, caste, sex, and place of birth, religion, gender identity, sexual orientation or any other category.
Like mental health care Act 2017 prohibits the denial or refusal to access mental healthcare facilities or services for people on the basis of race, caste, place of birth, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, disability of any person.
Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe Act 1989 specially deal with all kind of discrimination and hate crime on basis of caste, Transgender Person Act 2019 specifically deal with all kind of discrimination and hate crime faced by people on the basis of their gender identity and gender expression.
Rights of persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 is deal and prohibits discrimination and violence against people with physical and mental disability, Hindu succession Act 1956 specifically abolished the limited owner status of woman who owned property amended in 2004 to give daughter equal inheritance rights with sons.