Wednesday, 2 February 2022





In India an attempt to suicide it all is culpable. Not just a suicide survivor is responsible to criminal punishment yet additionally the person who abets the commission of such suicide. The instance of State of Madhya Pradesh v. Deepak manages Section 306 of the Indian Penal Code and questions the ability to practice amendment under Section 397 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.


The respondent and the deceased were workers in the Central Bank. On ninth August 2017, the deceased ended it all by consuming toxin and was moved to the District emergency clinic for treatment. Around the same time within the sight of Naib Tehsildar of Neemuch the perishing assertion of the casualty was recorded, as indicated by which she claimed that she was attacked by Mr Deepak Bhamawat (hereinafter alluded to as the respondent) and couldn't land any position as a result of him. The deceased passed on tenth August 2017and on sixteenth August the FIR was enrolled for something very similar. After fulfilment of examination on 22nd September 2017, a charge sheet was submitted under the watchful eye of the Special Judge, Neemuch charging under Section 306 of Indian Penal Code and Section 3(2) (v) and Section 3(2) (v) (a) of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes Act. On awareness of which a criminal amendment was recorded under the watchful eye of the Court testing the above request. On 31st January 2018, the learned Single Judge of High Court of Madhya Pradesh passed the judgment releasing the respondent from charges by saving the request for Special Judge from that point, an allure was documented in the Supreme Court of India.


Whether the High Court under Section 397 read with 401 of Criminal Procedural Code correctly exercised its revisional jurisdiction by discharging the respondent of charges framed by Special Judge, Neemuch. 


Based on the charge sheet, the Deputy Advocate General for the state battled that the respondent by manufacturing the deceased mark had taken a credit that was not paid and a notification was given by the Central Bank for something similar. During the examination, it was found that three protests were recorded by the deceased against the respondent to the Station house official at P.S. Jeeran on first November and first December 2016 and one more to the Collector of Neemuch on sixth January 2017 charging that the respondent was pestering her by making her fire her work and impelling her landowner to expel her from the house.

Then again, the guidance for the respondent fought that the claims referenced in the FIR was bogus and the High Court was supported in presuming that there was no incitement, instigation, or actuation to fit the depiction of 'abetment', supporting a charge under Section 306 of Penal Code.


The Court depending working on it of Amit Kapoor v. Ramesh Chander which managed the revisional force of the Court saw that the privileges of the revisional force of the Court saw that the freedoms of revisional ward are restricted and ought not be against any between time or interlocutory request. Further, one ought to discover whether or not the archives submitted lays out the offense. The Court may possibly meddle when essential elements of a criminal offense are missing or then again assuming the charges are really ludicrous and implausible that no judicious individual can at any point arrive at such a resolution.

Further taking in view the instance of Ramesh Kumar v. State it was seen that where the blamed by his behaviours or acts makes such conditions that the deceased is left with no other decision except for to end his life by ending it all then in such case an 'impelling' might be gathered.


Taking into view current realities, disputes, and proof set forth the Court expressed that in the given case there are adequate materials to maintain the request passed by the Trial Court. The materials arose over the span of examination connecting with the grievances recorded by the deceased, the credit deceitfully taken by the respondent by producing the mark of the deceased, the end of work and the expulsion of the deceased from the house affected by the respondent were obviously overlooked by the High Court. In light of these reasons the Supreme Court permitted the allure.


Saving the upbraided request of the High Court, the Supreme Court permitted the allure along these lines charging the respondent under Section 306 of Indian Penal Code and Section 3 (2)(v) and Section 3 (2)(v)(a) of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989.


Asha Sebastian.

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