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Constitution Of India Article 168 - Constitution of Legislatures in States


(1) For every State there shall be a Legislature which shall consist of the Governor, and

(a) in the States of Andhra Pradesh[3], Bihar,[1] [4]Madhya Pradesh, [5]Maharashtra[6],[11] Karnataka[7],[2] Tamil Nadu, Telegana[8] and [9]Uttar Pradesh,[10] two Houses;

(b) in other States, one House.

(2) Where there are two Houses of the Legislature of a State, one shall be known as the Legislative Council and the other as the Legislative Assembly, and where there is only one House, it shall be known as the Legislative Assembly.


1. No date has been appointed under s.8(2) of the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, for the insertion of the words Madhya Pradesh in this sub-clause.

2. Ins. by Act 16 of 2010, s. 3 (Date yet to be notified).

3. Ins. by the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council Act, 2005 (1 of 2006), s.3 (w.e.f. 30-3-2007).

4. Word "Bombay" omitted by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960 (11 of 1960), s.20 (w.e.f. 1-5-1960).

5. Words "Tamil Nadu," omitted by Tamil Nadu Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1986 (40 of 1986), s.4 (w.e.f. 1-11-1986).

6. Ins. by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960 (11 of 1960), s.20 (w.e.f. 1-5-1960).

7. Subs. by the Mysore State (Alteration of Name) Act, 1973 (31 of 1973), s.4, for "Mysore" (w.e.f 1-11-1973).

8. Subs. by Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, s.97 (w.e.f. 2-6-2014).

9. Word "Punjab," omitted by the Punjab Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969 (46 of 1969), s.4 (w.e.f. 7-1-1970).

10. Subs. by the West Bengal Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969(20 of 1969), s.4 (w.e.f. 1-8-1969).

11. Ins. by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, s.8(1).


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