Communication (s.4) Indian Contract Act 1872 by Kalyani
s.4 lays down how a proposal an acceptance and a revocation are communicated.
Communication of proposal, when complete
Communication of a proposal is complete when it comes to the knowledge of the person to whom it is made: s.4.
Illustration: A proposes, by letter, to sell house to B at a certain price. The communication of proposal is complete when B receives the letter.
Communication of acceptance, when complete
Communication of an acceptance is complete when
As against the proposer- when it is put in course of transmission to him, so as to be out of the power of the acceptor.
As against the acceptor- when it comes to the knowledge of the proposer: s.4
Illustration: B accepts A’s proposal by a letter sent by post. The communication of the acceptance is complete.
Communication of revocation, when complete-
Communication of revocation is complete
As against the person who makes it- when it is put into the course of transmission to the person to whom it is ade, so as to be out of the power of the person who makes it;
As against the person to whom it is made – when it comes to his knowledge: s.4
Illustration: A revokes his proposal by telegram.