Skip to main content

Involvement of Women in Crimes


Lately participation of women in labor markets has increased considerably in many countries and its moving towards the participation rate of men. Though on a less scale, a similar movement toward gender convergence seems to be occurring in the criminal world. Though many more are men than women still engage in criminal activity. Technological advancement and social norms have made women free from the home. This led to increase in their participation in both labour and the crime market. With crime no longer just men’s business, it is important to investigate female behaviour to understand if the policy prescriptions to reduce crime should differ for men. 


More women are committing crimes in the past, but they have still not caught up with men.

The gender gap in crime is partially explained by women’s lower criminal incomes and lower responsiveness to changes in expected criminal earnings.

Since having young children, it reduces a women’s possibility to commit crimes, subsidies for having children might decrease female criminality

Married women are more likely to have and be able insure against negative income shocks through their husband’s incomes, thus lessening their propensity to commit crime.

Reducing wage disparities across female skilled and unskilled workers might reduce the inclination of women to commit crimes.


Traditional policies to fight crime have not differentiated between women and men, as not enough to known about what motivates females.

Technological progress and social norms have freed females from home, increasing their participation in both the labour market and the crime market

The increase participation of women in labour market might increase female participation in crime market

Convergence in the social roles of women and men might increase crimes committed by women

The judicial system seems to be more lenient to the female offenders

The gender gap is still visible in the crime market, but the number of women committing crimes is on the rise, partially because other socio-economic gender gaps have been decreasing. Women have more freedom now as compared to the past and with that comes more opportunities for crime. Despite increasing social equality, police and judicial systems still tend to be more lenient with female than with males. Policies to reduce wage disparities between skilled and unskilled female workers, like incentivizing female education, might reduce crime among disadvantaged women. Family support policies, by encouraging marriage and having children, might also reduce crime among women.

It is known that most criminals are male and that the share of female criminals is rising. But not much is known about trends in the gender gap and the reasons behind gender differences in criminal behavior. Prevention, punitive, and rehabilitation policies have failed to differentiate between women and men. The economic literature, which has extensively explored gender convergence in the labour force, has under-investigated the issue of female participation in the crime market. Analyzing the gender gap in the crime market and its evolution and identifying its main determinants are important for effectively fighting crime. It is important to understand whether men and women behave differently in the crime market and, if so, to uncover the main drivers of these differences and to set policy incentives accordingly.

If the participation gap in the crime market is driven by social roles, as some hypothesize, the number of women committing crimes should rise as women spend more time outside the home. On the other hand, it can be argued that the number of female criminals should decline (at least for property crimes, such as larceny, fraud, and embezzlement) if women have more and better opportunities in the legal labour market. Which force prevails is a matter for empirical analysis.

One important reason for the increasing number of female criminals is that changes in social roles and technological advancement have freed women from the home and reduced the overall value of housekeeping. As for female employment and wages, their effect on female crime is ambiguous. There is one theory, not yet tested, is that relative wage inequality is important, not just the wage gap alone. Over the last decades, relative wage inequality has been increasing more for women as compared to men, which might be the reason that has pushed more women at the low end of the wage distribution to commit crimes. Differences in the depth of the effect of education on crime have also contributed to shrink the gender gap in crime participation. Finally, the judicial system is more lenient with women than with men, thus giving women an advantage in the crime market.


Popular posts from this blog

60 Minute Marriage Counselling Session On Phone

Description A 60 minute phone call with an expert Marriage\Relationship Counselor to discuss your marriage\relationship related issues. Counselling aims to resolve issues and improve communication in a relationship. Couples’ counselling works with both people in the relationship, however sessions can start with one individual, working towards the involvement of the other partner. What's Included a) 60 minute phone call with the counselor where you can discuss all your issues and seek guidance. What's Not Included a) Counselling session via meeting

INCOME TAX SECTION 32AD - Investment in new plant or machinery in notified backward areas in certain States

 Description (1) Where an assessee, sets up an undertaking or enterprise for manufacture or production of any article or thing, on or after the 1st day of April, 2015 in any backward area notified by the Central Government in this behalf, in the State of Andhra Pradesh or in the State of Bihar or in the State of Telangana or in the State of West Bengal, and acquires and installs any new asset for the purposes of the said undertaking or enterprise during the period beginning on the 1st day of April, 2015 and ending before the 1st day of April, 2020 in the said backward area, then, there shall be allowed a deduction of a sum equal to fifteen per cent of the actual cost of such new asset for the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which such new asset is installed. (2) If any new asset acquired and installed by the assessee is sold or otherwise transferred, except in connection with the amalgamation or demerger or re-organisation of business referred to in clause (xiii)or cla

Section 58B of The Advocates Act - Special provision relating to certain disciplinary proceedings

 Section 58B The Advocates Act Description (1) As from the 1st day of September, 1963, every proceeding in respect of any disciplinary matter in relation to an existing advocate of a High Court shall, save as provided in the first proviso to sub-section (2), be disposed of by the State Bar Council in relation to that High Court, as if the existing advocate had been enrolled as an advocate on its roll. (2) If immediately before the said date, there is any proceeding in respect of any disciplinary matter in relation to an existing advocate pending before any High Court under the Indian Bar Councils Act, 1926 (38 of 1926), such proceeding shall stand transferred to the State Bar Council in relation to that High Court, as if it were a proceeding pending before the corresponding Bar Council under clause (c) of sub-section (1) of section 56: Provided that where in respect of any such proceeding the High Court has received the finding of a Tribunal constituted under section 11 of the Indian B