Monday, 7 February 2022



                                        CENTRAL VIGILANCE COMMISSION


Central Vigilance Commission is the apex vigilance establishment, liberated from control from any leader authority, observing all vigilance action under the Central Government and prompting different experts in Central Government associations in arranging, executing, surveying and transforming their vigilance work. Vigilance means to guarantee spotless and brief regulatory activity towards accomplishing proficiency and adequacy of the representatives specifically and the association as a general rule, as absence of Vigilance inclines to waste, misfortunes and monetary decrease. The CVC was set up by the Government in February, 1964 on the suggestions of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam. In 2003, the Parliament sanctioned CVC Act giving legal status on the CVC. The CVC isn't constrained by any Ministry/Department. It is an autonomous body which is simply mindful to the Parliament.


The pre-independent time noticed the setting up of a Special Police Establishment in 1941, by the Indian Government to keep a check of the bad works on during World War II. The continuation of these acts of neglect even after World War II prompted the presentation of Special Delhi Establishment Act in 1946 with expanded extension and locale. Every one of the UTs and the States with the assent of their individual legislatures went under its purview. The authority worked at the Central level under the oversight of the Home Ministry. Be that as it may, its powers were limited to research offenses covered under Prevention of Corruption Act, 1947, particular areas of Indian Penal Code and 16 other central Acts. This required the need to lay out a centralized Police authority called Central Bureau of Investigation, on the suggestions of Santhanam Committee in 1963. The powers of this authority were reached out to incorporate tests into cheats connected with administrative elements, visa related fakes and significant violations including proficient gatherings and associations. The Central Vigilance Commission, an apex sovereign organization was laid out in 1964 by a goal dated 11.2.1964 to help the administrative establishments in their vigilance conspire. It was in 1997 that the Supreme Court on account of Vineet Narain and Others versus Association of India and Another, 1 SCC 226, eliminated CBI from the domain of the Central Government and put it under the management of CVC. The Court nullified the arrangement that commanded the Central Government's endorsement for the CBI to lead examinations against higher authorities, to guarantee a fair test.The Commission was allowed with the legal status by the mandate of 1998 that transformed into Central Vigilance Act, 2003. It broadened the extent of abilities practiced by the Commission and made it an administrative position to the CBI. In 2013, the Parliament enacted the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013.This act has amended CVC Act, 2003 whereby the Commission has been empowered to conduct preliminary inquiry and further investigation into complaints referred by the Lokpal. On the issue of cross-over of purview between the CVC Act and The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, the Commission has conveyed its ideas to the Department-Related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice during its assessment of the Lokpal and Lokayuktas and Other Related Law (Amendment) Bill, 2014.


1) The CVC gets grumblings on defilement or abuse of office and to suggest fitting activity. Following organizations, bodies, or an individual can way to deal with CVC: Central government, Lokpal, Whistle blowers.

A Whistle blower is an individual, who could be a worker of an organization, or an administration office, or a pariah (like media, higher government authorities, or police) revealing data to people in general or some more significant position about any bad behaviour, which could be as misrepresentation, debasement, and so on.

2) It’s anything but an examining office. The CVC either finishes the examination through the CBI or through chief vigilance officials (CVO) in government workplaces.

3) It is engaged to ask into offenses claimed to have been submitted under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 by specific classifications of local officials.

4) Its yearly report gives the subtleties of the work done by the commission and focuses to foundational disappointments which lead to defilement in government offices. Upgrades and preventive measures are likewise recommended in report.


In the recent past, India has emerged as a progressive and vibrant economy. With the rapid growth in all sectors of the economy, huge investments were made in country’s infrastructure, construction, retail and many other sectors in the government. Rapid growth in economy throws up CVCs’ challenges in the fight against the menace of corruption. There is greater need in such times to address the shortcomings in the system of CVC.


Asha Sebastian.

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