Skip to main content

Forms of Punishment

 This article focuses on the forms of punishment found in criminal jurisprudence. Punishment is definitely one of the options to stop crimes in society. But it is a well-known fact that crimes cannot be put to an end entirely. Crimes cannot be ignored; an equal or equivalent degree of punishment must be inflicted upon the offender in order to create deterrence in society.

What is punishment?

There is no such strict or rigid definition for punishment various jurists have given their definitions of punishment. In general, punishment may be called the infliction of suffering in the form of pain or property by the crown or the authority by the due procedure of law or procedure established by law.

Forms of punishment-

  1. Flogging- Flogging is one of the most popular punishments in middle east countries. Flogging is a type of punishment where it involves continuous beating with leather material. But the material differs from country to country.

  2. Mutilation- Mutilation is a type of punishment where the organs of the offender are chopped off. It is a punishment that was used in early times. The supporters of this punishment advance an argument that it helps in setting deterrence and retribution.

  3. Branding- Branding is a type of punishment where marks are left on the body in the form of scars that can be easily noticeable. 

  4. Stoning- This form of punishment is popular among Islamic nations. The offenders in this type of punishment are stoned to death. It is one of the most barbaric punishments practiced. 

  5. Pillory- Pillory is one of the most barbaric and cruel forms of punishment. In this form of punishment, the offender is made to stand on a pillar with his hands and legs tied up. He may be inflicted with whipping or stoning. This form of punishment was practiced in India during the Moghul rule.

  6. Amercement- Amercement is similar to a fine but in a fine usually, a fixed sum is charged which has the backup of statute but in amercement, it is the arbitrary amount fixed for the small offenses.

  7. Fines- Fines are usually for offenses of civil nature and are less serious in nature. Fines are the adequate form of punishment for the offenses of fraud, theft, embezzlement, gambling, loitering, violation of traffic rules, etc.

  8. Forfeiture of property- It means loss of property for the violation of the law. In the Indian legal system, it can be seen in the provisions of the Indian Penal Code under Sections 126, 129, 169.

  9. Collateral Sanctions- In this form of punishment the offenders are not entitled to any public benefits and schemes. This form of punishment is relevant in the U.S.A. Some examples of such sanctions are debarring entry into bars, pubs, not permitting driving licenses, curtailing the right to vote, etc.

  10.  Security Bond- It is not a form of punishment but it is an effective way to restraint the offender from committing a crime by keeping a security bond for good behaviour.

  11. Imprisonment- This includes solitary confinement, rigorous imprisonment, simple imprisonment, and imprisonment for life. This mode of punishment aims to curtail the liberty of the offender and to reform the offender in prison so that he can join society with civility.

  12. Capital Punishment- It is one of the most controversial forms of punishment. It leads to the death of the offender. Some sections under the Indian Penal Code which provide for capital punishment are Section 121, 132, 194, 302, 305, 307, 364-A, 396.


Popular posts from this blog

INCOME TAX SECTION 32AD - Investment in new plant or machinery in notified backward areas in certain States

 Description (1) Where an assessee, sets up an undertaking or enterprise for manufacture or production of any article or thing, on or after the 1st day of April, 2015 in any backward area notified by the Central Government in this behalf, in the State of Andhra Pradesh or in the State of Bihar or in the State of Telangana or in the State of West Bengal, and acquires and installs any new asset for the purposes of the said undertaking or enterprise during the period beginning on the 1st day of April, 2015 and ending before the 1st day of April, 2020 in the said backward area, then, there shall be allowed a deduction of a sum equal to fifteen per cent of the actual cost of such new asset for the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which such new asset is installed. (2) If any new asset acquired and installed by the assessee is sold or otherwise transferred, except in connection with the amalgamation or demerger or re-organisation of business referred to in clause (xiii)or cla

60 Minute Marriage Counselling Session On Phone

Description A 60 minute phone call with an expert Marriage\Relationship Counselor to discuss your marriage\relationship related issues. Counselling aims to resolve issues and improve communication in a relationship. Couples’ counselling works with both people in the relationship, however sessions can start with one individual, working towards the involvement of the other partner. What's Included a) 60 minute phone call with the counselor where you can discuss all your issues and seek guidance. What's Not Included a) Counselling session via meeting

Send Legal Notice for Divorce

 India being a secular country derives a large part of its laws from various religious practices. One such area of law is Divorce law of India. A divorce case in India can be initiated by either party based on the procedure relevant as per the law applicable to the parties. However, the procedure for divorce always starts with sending a legal notice.   Either party can send a legal notice to the other spouse intimating his/her intent to initiate legal proceedings for divorce. Sending a legal notice acts as a formal way of communication by one party to the other acting as a warning and at the same time creating chances for a last attempt for conciliation, if possible. Connect with an expert lawyer for your legal issue   What is a legal notice for divorce? A legal notice refers to a formal communication to a person or the opposite party in a case, informing him/her about one’s intention to undertake legal proceedings against him/her. Therefore, a legal notice for divorce is a formal inti