Skip to main content

Merits and demerits of parliamentary form of government.

 Merits and demerits of parliamentary form of government. 

By swatee shukla 

  HARMONY BETWEEN EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATURE: In a parliamentary form of government there is close harmony and cooperation between the executive and legislature. As ministers belong to the ruling party or parties enjoying majority support in the legislature, they do not face much difficulty in 

getting the support and approval of the legislature for the policies or program of the government. There is thus less confrontation between the executive and legislature. The passing of amending of acts becomes easy. 

RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT: parliamentary system establish a responsible government. The ministers are responsible to the Parliament for all their acts of omission or commission. The parliamentary exercises control over the ministers through various devices like question hour, discussion, adjournment, motion, no-confidence motion, etc. This is also an important feature of  FLEXIBILITY: There is a lot of flexibility in the parliamentary form of government to cope with changing situations and even emergencies. The system, being flexible, can easily adapt itself to any new reality. One cabinet may be replaced by a new one without much controversy to tackle any such situation. As Neville Chamberlain failed to lead Britain in word war II , he was replaced by Churchill as the prime minister of Britain. 

 RESPONSIVE TO PUBLIC OPINION: In parliamentary government, ministers 

try to act according to the wishes of the people, because they are related to the majority 

party & it becomes their duty to fulfill their promises given by their party to the 

people at the time of elections. If the ministers fail to fulfill those promises, there 

the party faces great difficulty winning the elections again. 

THE GOVERNMENT DOES NOT BECOME AUTOCRATIC: In the Parliamentary government, the executive cannot become autocratic, because the government is always responsible to the Parliament. Parliament can remove the government by a no-confidence motion. Serious allegations are leveled against the autocratic ministers and members of Parliament, or the opposition parties demand judicial probe against them: THE HEAD OF STATE GIVES IMPARTIAL ADVICE: In parliamentary government, the head of state, President, king, or governor -General is completely impartial because he is not related to any political party . All parties pay due respect to the president. The prime minister is the leader of majority party, but he needs impartial advice to run the administration and the best advice can be given by the head of state. 

DEMERITS 

 UNSTABLE GOVERNMENT: the government is not very stable in nature and it is likely that but would not be able to complete its tenure. The ministers are entirely dependent on the whims and fancies of the majority legislators for their survival and continuity. The government can become in a matter of few minutes by the non-separation of powers. In the view of Montesquieu, such a combination of 

powers would end individual liberty and result in tyranny. 

FAILURE TO TAKE PROMPT ACTION: since the tenure of the council of ministers is not fixed, hence they are not able to take any long-term bold policy. This in turn can lead to an unstable government in its due course of time. The coalition partners keep fighting all the time and hence are not able to take any kind of bold decision. The problem is aggravated during any emergency crisis for instance a war when no one can take decisive action.


Comments

Popular posts from this blog

INCOME TAX SECTION 32AD - Investment in new plant or machinery in notified backward areas in certain States

 Description (1) Where an assessee, sets up an undertaking or enterprise for manufacture or production of any article or thing, on or after the 1st day of April, 2015 in any backward area notified by the Central Government in this behalf, in the State of Andhra Pradesh or in the State of Bihar or in the State of Telangana or in the State of West Bengal, and acquires and installs any new asset for the purposes of the said undertaking or enterprise during the period beginning on the 1st day of April, 2015 and ending before the 1st day of April, 2020 in the said backward area, then, there shall be allowed a deduction of a sum equal to fifteen per cent of the actual cost of such new asset for the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which such new asset is installed. (2) If any new asset acquired and installed by the assessee is sold or otherwise transferred, except in connection with the amalgamation or demerger or re-organisation of business referred to in clause (xiii)or cla

60 Minute Marriage Counselling Session On Phone

Description A 60 minute phone call with an expert Marriage\Relationship Counselor to discuss your marriage\relationship related issues. Counselling aims to resolve issues and improve communication in a relationship. Couples’ counselling works with both people in the relationship, however sessions can start with one individual, working towards the involvement of the other partner. What's Included a) 60 minute phone call with the counselor where you can discuss all your issues and seek guidance. What's Not Included a) Counselling session via meeting

Send Legal Notice for Divorce

 India being a secular country derives a large part of its laws from various religious practices. One such area of law is Divorce law of India. A divorce case in India can be initiated by either party based on the procedure relevant as per the law applicable to the parties. However, the procedure for divorce always starts with sending a legal notice.   Either party can send a legal notice to the other spouse intimating his/her intent to initiate legal proceedings for divorce. Sending a legal notice acts as a formal way of communication by one party to the other acting as a warning and at the same time creating chances for a last attempt for conciliation, if possible. Connect with an expert lawyer for your legal issue   What is a legal notice for divorce? A legal notice refers to a formal communication to a person or the opposite party in a case, informing him/her about one’s intention to undertake legal proceedings against him/her. Therefore, a legal notice for divorce is a formal inti