Saturday, 28 May 2022

Fundamental Duties Under Article 51-a

 Fundamental Duties Under Article 51-a

Our country, India, boasts the world's longest written constitution. Every person's rights are respected in this process. The three organs of the state, on the other hand, will not be able to make this country self-sufficient unless they receive adequate support from the inhabitants. As a result, citizens are required to fulfil some essential responsibilities. We shall explore the Fundamental Duties that people of our country are supposed to perform in this essay. Citizens have a moral duty to maintain a sense of patriotism and solidarity among all citizens of the nation.

This was an instance of the year 2007 when I was still a child and knowing nothing about the Fundamental Duties. However, today I can clearly say that it was a breach of fundamental duty. Fundamental Duties are applied only to the citizens of the country, not to any organ of the state.

It is critical to recognise that no democratic system can thrive unless individuals are willing to actively engage by carrying out the obligations that are required of them.

Our Constitution has given us different privileges in exchange for which we must undertake certain obligations. Article 51(A) discusses these Fundamental Duties and lists 11 responsibilities that people are obliged to do (there were 10 earlier and 11th was added later by the 86th amendment).

We need to follow our Constitution and should respect our national flag and national anthem.

Should follow the ideals of the freedom struggle.

Protect the sovereignty and integrity of our nation.

Protect our nation and provide national services when required.

Should have the spirit of a common brotherhood.

Preserve the culture of our country.

Protect the environment of our country.

Generate scientific rationale for every thought.

To protect public property.

Strive for excellence.

It is the duty of every parent to send their children between 6-14 years to school.    

From these fundamental duties, one can easily understand the need for the fundamental duty in our constitution. It is required to protect the sovereignty of our nation. To maintain the unity and integrity of our nation. Rights and duties go hand in hand and cannot be separated at any cost. Fundamental duties and fundamental rights are two sides of a coin which we know that it can’t be separated. Also, it is found as the need of the hour to introduce fundamental duties in our constitution.

Our constitution included it once our government understood that a civil society (described earlier in this article) could not be created only by the state. Our country's citizens must play a critical role in accomplishing our constitution's primary goal. They can do so by implementing Article 51A of our Constitution, which outlines their responsibilities to the country.

The Fundamental Duty, given in Article 51 A(g) of the Indian Constitution clearly mentions the duty of the citizen to protect the environment. According to this article, it is the duty of every citizen to protect and preserve the natural environment (natural environment includes forest, rivers, lakes, and wildlife). A healthy environment is an essential element of the welfare of any society.

In the case of M.C. Mehta v. Union of India Article 51(g) was enforced by the Supreme Court. In this case, 274.50 million liters of sewage water was being discharged into the river Ganga on a daily basis. This case is about the city of Kanpur, which is the biggest city on the bank of river Ganga. Here water pollution was to a great extent that’s why the petitioner filed a petition in the Supreme Court. Here Apex Court of the country found that Municipal bodies and industries in Kanpur were the main reason for polluting the river. Therefore judgment was taken against Kanpur Nagar Mahapalika. In this case, Nagar Mahapalika and Municipal Boards were held liable because it is their responsibility to maintain and protect the environment in the areas of Kanpur.

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