Friday, 27 May 2022

Human Rights in Arab and Muslim countries

 Human Rights in Arab and Muslim countries


Sudan's persecution record is appalling, since the country is infamous for its vengeance on its minority people. For decades, the Arab north has encouraged the kidnapping and subsequent sale of black African women and children in the country's south. Slavery is, without a doubt, the most serious charge that can be brought against this Arab-African government, and it should be the focus of a concerted international campaign by human rights organisations to put an end to this atrocity. Villages have been destroyed, women have been raped, and men have been tortured and killed in the struggle for independence by the people of southern Sudan (many of whom are Christians). Hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced. Human rights activists, students, and lawyers who sought to protect these individuals' rights have been assassinated. 


Although Pakistan's government is nominally democratic, elected leaders have imposed an authoritarian style of governance on the country. Human and civil rights are more often than not violated in Pakistan, notwithstanding some press freedom. Torture and executions have been reported, religious minorities are not protected, and women and children face significant abuse. All forms of political dissent have been criminalised, and regime critics imprisoned. The administration has been put above the law, greatly impeding the courts. The police force is corrupt, and the citizens they are sworn to protect are terrorised. Pakistan's prison conditions are atrocious, and detainees lack basic rights. 


Iran, which refers to itself as the Islamic Republic, gets punished annually in Geneva by the United Nations Commission on Human Rights for its myriad violations of human rights. With a large number of journalists imprisoned, journalistic independence has all but vanished. Around 40 newspapers have been closed by the authorities. Political opponents of the state have been murdered, and religious minorities (Christians, Baha'is, Sunnis, and Jews) have been persecuted. Azeris, Arabs, Kurds, Turkomans, and Baluchis are all classified as ethnic minorities. Iranian women are battling for their rights, hoping to avoid the fate of their Afghan sisters.

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is a conservative Islamic state that adheres to Wahhabism, an orthodox Sunni faith. In the kingdom, all forms of political dissent are forbidden. There are strong restrictions on freedom of expression and the press, and the legal system is Sharia-based. Amputation, lashing, and execution are all potential penalties under this legal system. Christians lack religious liberty, while the Shia minority is heavily repressed. Women face unavoidable discrimination. 


International human rights organisations monitor Afghanistan's human rights situation on a continuous basis. Afghanistan is dominated by the Taliban group, which maintains its control via force and brutality. Amnesty International and other organisations have collected information indicating that executions, limb amputations, and floggings are carried out - sometimes without trial. Males, females, and children are all victims. Additionally, the Islamic militia persecutes Hindus on religious grounds, burning Buddha sculptures and compelling women to wear veils and identifying badges. The Taliban adhere to Islam's most rigid rules, prohibiting women from the majority of professions and fields of study and requiring men to grow beards and pray five times a day. It is banned to engage in any form of amusement, including watching television or listening to music.

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