Vice President of India
The Vice President of India is the second-highest ranking government official in the executive branch of the Government of India after the President. The Vice President also has the legislative functions of acting as the chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
The current Vice President of India is Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu who was elected on 2017.
Article 63 of the Constitution of India provides for a Vice President: “There shall be a Vice President of India”. While the Indian vice president could be elected for any number of terms, the constitution requires that the vice president must be a citizen of India. The qualifications of Vice President are the same as those of the president.
The Vice President acts as President in the event of the death, resignation, or removal of the President until a new President is chosen by the Electoral College.
The vice president may also act temporally as President during the absence or illness of the President.
Emoluments: The Constitution has not fixed any emoluments for the Vice President in that capacity. He draws his regular salary in the capacity as the Ex-officer Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
Election of Vice President (Article - 66)
The Vice President is elected by an electoral college consisting of all members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha (including nominated one) through proportional representation of means of a single transferable vote. This is intended to ensure that he enjoys the confidence of both the Houses of Parliament.
The eligibility conditions for the election of Vice President are same as that of the President except that the Vice President must be qualified for election as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
The election to the vacancy of the office of the Vice-President occurring due to the death, resignation, or removal is held as soon as possible after the occurrence of the vacancy, and the person elected to fill the vacancy is entitled to hold office for the full term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office. However, generally the election to the vacancy of the office of the Vice President is completed before the expiry of his term. Regarding vacancy there is no such mandatory provision to hold election with the six months like in the case of the President.
The Parliament has the power to regulate matters relating to the election of the Vice President; however at all the doubts and disputes arising out or in connection with the election of the Vice President, are decided by the Supreme Court whose decision is his final decision.
Vice President’s Removal
The Vice President can be removed from his office by a resolution of the Council of States (the Rajya Sabha) passed by a majority of all the then members of the Council of States and agreed to by the house of people (the Lok Sabha). Regarding Vice President’s removal, there is no formal impeachment.
Removal of the Vice President of India requires an effective majority for passage of such a resolution to this effect [Article 67(b).] The effective majority is determined by the total strength of the House minus the number of vacancies.
The Vice President may resign his office by writing under his hand to the president.