Indan constitution is one of the lengthiest written constitutions. The constitution mentions rights as well
as some duties. These duties are called fundamental duties.
Fundamental duties are defined as the moral obligations of all citizens to help promote a spirit of
patriotism and to uphold the unity of India. These duties are set out in chapter IV –A of the constitution,
concern individuals and the nation.
Constitution provides Indian citizens with some fundamental rights that it imposes some duties on the
citizens. This article describes some of the duties which are expected out of the citizen. it is a moral
obligation on the citizens to maintain the feeling of patriotism and unity among all the citizens of the
Fundamental duties help the citizen, that no democratic system could ever succeed if the citizens are
not willing to participate actively by discharging their duties which are expected to be done by them.
Article -51 –A of the constitution talks about the duties.
Article 51 –A, is a fundamental duty such as, citizens should follow our constitution and respect our
national flag and national anthem, protect the sovereignty and integrity of our nation, protect our
nation and provide national services when required, preserve the culture of our country, protect the
environment of our country, etc. These are some of the duties which need to be preserved.
Case: Chandra Bhavan Boarding And Lodging Bangalore v. the State of Mysore And Another, in this
case, it held that the court can't protect the rights of citizens, it is also important to ascertain that
citizens follow some of the duties .this case was before the insertion of fundamental duties, it
emphasizes that there was a need for the duties for the welfare of the society.
National Honor act 1971, this act is a kind of prevention from dishonoring the country. It includes the
National flag and Constitution. Section 3 of the act specifies that the citizens can be punished if they
don't honor the National Anthem or cause disturbance to an assembly that is busy in such singing.
Case; Shyam Narayan Chouksey v. UOI, it was a case-related playing of the national anthem before the
screening of the movie . and viewers to stand still during the national anthem. It was argued that this
can be violated of Article 19 (1) of the Indian constitution, it was seen as a violation of the fundamental
rights . in this case it was discussed by the apex court that fundamental duties are above the
Case; Aruna Roy v. UOI in this case apex court canceled the petition as the court did not find any reason
to cancel the framework. What is given in our constitution is that students should be taught that every
religion is common. According to this fundamental duty, the citizen has to promote harmony and
brotherhood among the people of a different religion. and to achieve these universal values like truth,
right conduct, love, and peace should be the base of education.