INDIAN CONSTITUTION BORROWED FEATURES AND THE PROCEDURE OF CONSTITUTION FORMATION
The Constitution of India went through all the major Constitutions of the world before it drafted its own and as Drs. Ambedkar noted, they try to combine the best and most timely features of each of them in accordance with the requirement of the country. Therefore, the Constitution of India is often described as a ‘loan fund’ as it is freely taken from the Constitution of various countries and the Government of India Act, 1935. However, the greatest influence was applied to them by the Government of India Act. , 1935. The great constitutional scholar austin granville in his work has explained that indian constitution is formed by borrowing the best peripherals of the constitutions of the world , but it has certain salient features that distinguishes indian constitution from it's counterparts .
indian constitution has borrowed several features from the constitution of different nations which are as follows
Constitutional provisions borrowed
Federal scheme, Declaration of emergency powers,
Ordinance making power of president and governor, Office of governor, Power of federal judiciary, and Administrative structure both at centre and state level
England - Parliamentary System, Bicameral Parliament, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Single Citizenship, Office of CAG, Writ jurisdiction of courts, Rule of law
united states - Written Constitution, Fundamental Rights, Supreme Court, President as executive Head of State, Vice President as chairman of council of states, and Judicial Review
Australia Concurrent List, Cooperative federalism, and Centre-State Relationship
Erstwhile USSR Fundamental Duties
Provisions concerning suspension of Fundamental rights
during emergency and Ballot system
Canada - Federal System and Residuary Powers.
South Africa - Procedure of Constitutional Amendment and Electing
member to Rajya Sabha
Ireland - Concept of Directive Principles of State Policy, Nomination of members to RS by President. and Method of Presidential election.
procedure of indian constitution
The constitution of India was formed by the elected Constituent Assembly and was officially adopted on November 26, 1949. It came into effect on January 26 1950 - as demanded by Pandit Nehru.
The Constituent Assembly was established under
Cabinet's proposal (1946) to make the Constitution of independent independent . It was a
a large body of representatives consisting of 385 members of which 292 are elected by the electorate
members of the Provincial Legislatures while 93 members were nominated
But when the Muslim League decided to withdraw its members out of the Constituent Assembly of India and the creation of a separate Constituent
At the Pakistan Congress on July 16, 1947, the membership of the Constituent Assembly of India was reduced to 299, of which 229 represented the provinces and 70 were elected by the Princely States.The Parliamentary Assembly met in November 1948 when the provisions of the draft Constitution were considered and discussed in detail. Following the completion of all such deliberations and discussions on the draft Constitution, it finally received the signature of the President of the National Assembly on November 26, 1949, when it was approved and approved.
The last session of the convention was on January 24, 1950, with the unanimous vote of Drs. Rajendra Prasad as President of India. In all, 284 members of Parliament signed official copies of the Indian Constitution, which went into effect on January 26, 1950.