Case laws related to offer in contract
Carlill v. Carbolic smoke ball co.
A company named carbolic smoke ball company used to sell a product named carbolic smoke balls and guaranteed that Consumption of the smoke balls three times daily for two weeks that person will not catch influenza by any chance. And if anybody after consuming the carbolic smoke balls in the prescribed manner catches influenza the company would pay him/her an amount of hundred euros and to make people believe about the reward system they had deposited thousand euros in public bank
The Plaintiff used the small balls as prescribed but still ended up catching the flu and thus demanded for the reward.
The company straightaway declined to give the reward as they said there was an offer from their side but there was no acceptance so there was no contract
The court held that when the plaintiff completed the conditions in the advert, she provided acceptance and thus forming a contract. There was general offer and acceptance by the conduct of plaintiff .
In the case of Tinn v. Hoffman
In this case Mr.Tinn as well as Mr.hoffman made and offer to Each other and the offer was of similar kind but it won’t amount to contract as there were only cross offers and no acceptance.
Hyde v. Wrench
Defendant offered the plaintive to sell his farm for $1200 but the plaintive declined the offer
Defendant again made an offer to sell his farm but this time the amount was £1000 ,Hyde declined the offer
Hyde then made an counter offer to the defendant and asked him to sell it for £950
Hyde agreed to buy the farm for £1000 without any additional agreement from wrench , but wrench refused to sell the farm.
Hyde approach the court for the same that defendant had offered him to sell the farm for £1000 but now is declining to sell.
The court held that as soon as a counter offer was made all the offer previously made cannot be counted it is automatically declined.
Harvey v. Facey
In this case the offer was made on an online platform named telegram. Harvey communicated with the defendant about all pen the message was as follows “ Will you sell us bumper Hall pen? Telegram lowest cash price answer per”
The same day the plaintive replied to the message received that the price of the pen is £ 900
The appellant replied “ we agree to buy Bumper hall pen for the sum of £900 asked by you. Please send us your title deed in order that we may get early possession.
The defendant declined to sell the pen for £900 as the reply he made just was an answer to the lowest cash on telegram but didn’t agreed to sell the pen for that amount
This would amount to invitation to offer
Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain versus boots cash chemist Ltd
It was held in this case was the price tag displayed on the product or attached to the product in a store amounts to invitation to offer.
Das, the shopkeeper has the right to accept or reject the same and the contract would only rise when the offer is accepted.