Causes of Delinquency
Influence from peers is the most common cause of delinquent behaviour among children. According to research, young people who build ties with positive individuals and organisations who pursue positive commitments and it tend to avoid delinquent behavior are less likely to engage in such behaviour. On the other side, juveniles can be involved in activities that do not have specific goals or commitments, and this can be detrimental to their development. It is possible that these types of activities will result in turbulent relationships, which may in turn encourage delinquent behaviour.
Drinking and smoking are examples of these behaviours. Other behaviours include those that are not based on a commitment, such as youngsters becoming engrossed in television viewing or spending an excessive amount of time watching movies. Despite the fact that the majority of people are not harmed as a result of these activities. According to research, the more time spent suspended with friends while watching television, the greater the likelihood of engaging in deviant behaviour.
An additional component that has been proven to enhance juvenile misbehaviour is the effect of one's family. Also regarded to be a contributing factor to more delinquent behaviour than peer pressure is the impact of family members. According to study, families with a weak emotional tie between the members of the family are more likely to have juveniles who turn out to be delinquent in their later years.
Because of psychological difficulties such as rejection and low self-esteem, which can emerge in juveniles, delinquent behaviour may be a result of their experiences. Trauma and low self-esteem are two more factors that might contribute to psychological difficulties, both of which are associated with delinquency. These two can come from a variety of different sources outside of the family.
Children who have been abused or who have been exposed to domestic violence are more likely to become delinquent. Children who are raised by criminals and drug users are more likely to become delinquent, according to some experts who have connected genes to delinquency. There is also the possibility of danger in a family in which there are no effective communication routes between members
There may be difficulties that children raised in this type of family wish to explore, but there may be a lack of an audience to hear their thoughts and feelings. They are more likely to become involved in delinquent behaviour as a result of these.
Families that are not traditional, such as reconstituted households and single-parent families, can also be a source of delinquency. Children who are raised by single parents or divorced parents, according to research, are more likely to be delinquent than children who are raised in typical homes, the findings indicate. When it comes to forecasting delinquent behaviour, race is a significant determinant. The primary reason that race is a decisive element in delinquency is that minority groups are not treated in the same manner as other races are. The upshot is that they live dissatisfied lives, which can lead to hostility and, ultimately, delinquent behaviour.Once a history of delinquency has been established in a particular race, peer influence serves to fuel recidivism and contribute to the commission of new offences As a result, these are some of the most significant reasons of adolescent delinquency.