Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act 2013
The administration is very important for any management. Maladministration is like a termite that slowly erodes the foundation of the nation. The administration is important to the regulation of the government. These days corruption is considered as one of the root causes of mis -administration. Various organizations are working against corruption. These agencies are hardly independent, due to which it is hard to limit the scope of corruption.
In 2011, India was ranked 95th in the corruption perceptions index of transparency international. It was seen that India lost a staggering dollar of 462 billion in illicit financial flows due to tax evasion. This shows that it was immensely important to take steps to cure the corruption.
Lokpal act is considered a very important act, as it is an anti-corruption act of the Indian parliament in India. The bill was tabled in the Lok Sabha on 22 December 2011 and was passed by the house on 27th December as the Lokpal bill 2011. On 29th December, this bill was tabled in front of Rajya sabha. This bill was debatable and rejected by the parliament, it came into force on 16 th January. After the introduction of this act, there was a huge protest public one such protest is known as Anna Hazare and his associates.
There is a long history of the Lokpal bill. This article only discusses the origin of the act. This act is not an Indian concept instead this concept originated in 1809 with the official inauguration of the institution of ombudsman in Sweden. This concept developed at the time of world war -2 . in 1961, Great Britain adopted the institution of the ombudsman by the Whyatt report 1961. In India, the former law minister Ashok Kumar sen became the first Indian to propose the concept of constitutional ombudsman in parliament in the early 1960s. In 2011, this bill was finally passed.
In 2016, the Lokpal Act was amended. This amendment enabled the leader of the single largest opposition party in Lok Sabha to become a member of the selection committee in the absence of a recognized leader of the opposition. Section 44 was also amended, in this section 30 days, the period was replaced with the declaration of their assets and liabilities in the form and manner as prescribed by the government.
The committee consisted of 8 members; former chief justice of India, the former judge of the supreme court, a person who must possess special knowledge and minimum experience of 25 years in matters related to anti-corruption, public administration, vigilance, finance including insurance and banking and law and management.
The maximum number of members must not exceed eight members. The term of Lokpal chairman and the member can hold the office for 5 years or till the time person 70years old. These members are pointed by the president and the selection committee. The selection committee consists of the Prime Minister, Speaker of Lok Sabha, the leader of the opposition in Lok Sabha, Chief Justice of India, or any judge nominated by the chief justice of India and one eminent jurist.