Right to protest
Many publications and television stations have reported on farmers opposing the Farmers Bill 2020 and marching from Punjab and Haryana to the capital city. Some see it as a political plot, while others see it as a real attempt to block the bill's ultimate approval owing to inadequacies.
The demonstration was organised on a large scale, and the farmers were able to meet with officials, but they were not the only ones who suffered. Residents must have had to deal with a lot of difficulties as well.
Protesting is a basic human right.
The objective of a protest by a group, community, or person is to show displeasure or defiance of the state's, government's, or organization's activities, policies, remarks, and so on.
Political waves drive the bulk of demonstrations, which are also an indication of people banding together to urge the state or government to confront their concerns and take actions to resolve them. Protests work in two ways in general. It demonstrates to the community, group, or person that they disagree with the policy, and it also assists governments in identifying their own flaws and working to improve them.
Protests in India have a long and distinguished history that dates back to the pre-independence period. For the past 72 years, India has been a British colony.
After a long series of rallies by freedom fighters, the people of that country became free citizens after independence. Mahatma Gandhi, popularly known as the Father of the Indian Nation, taught Indian folk how to protest in a nonviolent manner.
Whether it was the Swadeshi Movement of 1905 or the Satyagraha of 1930, these movements influenced the nation's history as a nonviolent anti-colonial resistance.
Indians battled valiantly to voice their opinions on colonial policies, to demonstrate opposition to British colonisation, and to speak out against the government.
When exercising one's right to peaceful protest in a democratic democracy, one must adhere to one's obligations or responsibilities.
Right to Protest has constitutional protections.
In every battle, Indians fought valiantly to openly voice their views on border approaches and to confront English colonisation and government officials. In a country with a vote-based government, one should follow one's obligations or responsibilities while also practising or appreciating peaceful dissent.
Under Article 51A, every citizen has a fundamental responsibility to protect public property and avoid violence during public demonstrations. As a result, invoking violence during public protests is a violation of that fundamental commitment.
Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution defines this right to freedom of speech and expression.
It stipulates that everyone has the right to express their own opinions, subject to acceptable limitations.
Article 19(1) guarantees the right to peaceful assembly without weapons (b). As a result, our Constitution grants Indian citizens the freedom to peaceful protest.
Article 19(2) provides reasonable constraints on the right to gather peacefully without weapons, as well as the right to freedom of speech and expression, as none of these rights are absolute in nature.
In the interests of India's sovereignty and integrity, the state's security, friendly relations with other states, public order, decency, or morality, or in connection to court disrespect, offence, or incitement to an offence, rational limits are required. The public as a government watchdog.
The public serves as a watchdog, closely monitoring the government's actions. The public has frequently acted as a watchdog and protested as a result of injustice or abuse of authority. During the Emergency in India, individuals of all political stripes protested.