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Animal welfare board of India VS A. Nagaraja and Ors

 Animal welfare board of India VS A. Nagaraja and Ors.

In Tamil Nadu, a traditional sport known as Jallikattu exists. In this sport, the bull is released in public / in front of a crowd, and then individuals attempt to seize the bull and perch on top of it, where they must remain until the bull attempts to flee. This sport has resulted in numerous fatalities among those who are part of the crowd. There were also numerous women and children present, and this circumstance and cause of death prompted major concern about animal welfare.

Due to the fact that the bull was tortured with sharp sticks. Their tails are severely bowed to the point of fracture in the base of their spinal cord, and they are thrashed with sticks. rubber belt and are also bitten prior to release to enrage the bull, causing him to rush quickly and destroy whatever in his path. As a result of the anger created to torture him, the bull also murdered a number of people. Additionally, there were numerous accounts of bulls being made to consume alcohol in order to disorient and agitate them they also employed chilly powder in their eyes to increase their craziness and wildness, and occasionally in their anus. These factors also contributed to the deaths of numerous bulls during the festival. In 2010, the Animal Welfare Board of India filed a complaint in the Supreme Court against this traditional sport, requesting that it be banned for the safety of the animal and the people who die each year as a result of this activity's harm to both. In 2011, the Ministry of Environment and Forests prohibited the use of bulls as performing animals, however the Tamil Nadu Regulation of Jallikattu Act maintained the sport.

Tamil Nadu's high court upheld the continuation of this customary practise under the jurisdiction of the Tamil Nadu statute. The AWBI then petitioned the government to issue a notification prohibiting the use of bulls in this sport, training, and display. The supreme court of India acknowledged the magna carta of animal rights under article 51A(g). The supreme court ruled in favour of the animal protection board of India and banned this sport for being too cruel to the bulls and also to the crowd members who attempted to jump on it. Both the and humans sustain major injuries and, in some cases, die. And this had an effect on the fundamental right guaranteed by article 21, namely the right of animals to life. Thus, the supreme court's ruling was extremely beneficial for bulls and extremely well-reasoned, as it was extremely difficult to choose between ancient practises and newly upgraded laws and society. Customs that violate people's and animals' fundamental rights cannot be continued and must be abolished. Nobody can be harmed in such a way. It is a direct violation of the right to life.


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