Sunday, 17 July 2022

Cyber Harassment (part-1)

 Cyber Harassment (part-1)

Cyberlaw, also known as internet law or cyber law, is part of the overall legal system that is related to legal informatics and supervises the digital circulation of information, e-commerce, software, and internet security. It covers many areas, such as access to and usage of the internet, encompassing various subtopics as well as freedom of expression and online privacy.

Cyber harassment is one of the crimes which needed to be secured by cyber law.  Cyber harassment is the use of digital technology that has become an integral part of our lives. Any technology can be used for constructive or destructive purposes. Misuse of information and communication technology is an important ingredient of cybercrime. 

Cyber harassment is defined as repeated, unsolicited, hostile behavior by a person through cyberspace with the intent to terrify, intimidate, humiliate, threaten, harass or stalk someone. 

Cyber harassment into 10 categories, this article is focusing on cyberstalking. Cyberstalking is the usage of information and communications technology to stalk, control, manipulate or habitually threaten a minor, an adult, or a business group.  Many stalkers are motivated by a desire to exert control over their victims and engage in similar types of behavior to accomplish this end.  Cyberstalking is both an online assailant tactic and a typology of psychopathological ICT users. Cyberstalking includes direct and implied threats of physical harm, habitual surveillance, and gathering information to manipulate and control the target.

The Delhi police have registered India's first case of cyberstalking in 2001 when a lady named Ritu Kohli complained that a person who was using her identity to chat over the internet at the website, was also deliberately giving her telephone number to other chatters encouraging them to call Ritu Kohli at odd hours. As a result of which Mrs. Kohli received an estimate of 40 calls, national as well as international, during odd hours within 3 days. A case was registered under section 509 of the Indian Penal Code. 

 There are various of  cyberstalking, such as;

Stalking by a stranger,  according to Joey Rushing, stated there is no single definition of a cyberstalker, he mentions that they can be either strangers to the victim or have a former /present relationship. 

Gender-based stalking is known as harassment and stalking because gender online also known as online gender-based violence, is common and can include rape threat and other types of threat that includes violence.

Stalking of intimate partners, this type the cyberstalking of intimate partners is the online harassment of a current or former romantic partner. It is a form of domestic violence and an expert says its purpose is to control the victim.

Stalking of celebrities, this type of stalking is profiling of stalkers shows that almost always they stalk someone they know or via delusion, think they know as is the case with stalkers of celebrities or public person in which the stalker feel they know the celebrity does not know them. 

Corporate cyberstalking means that stalking is done by the corporate on their employees.


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