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Kyoto Protocol

 Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement aimed at lowering carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions

and fossil fuel consumption. This took place in Kyoto. Japan on 11 December 1997, which is why it is

named the Kyoto Protocol, and it became international law in February 2005. This agreement was

designed to be compatible with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In

2021, China and India will be the two countries with the highest carbon emissions. which is a major

concern for environmental pollution and global warming, and in the last Kyoto protocol, the USA and

the USSR also asked India and China to reduce their reliance on fossil fuels and slow their

development, and in the Kyoto protocol, it is stipulated that if a country emits more than the

assigned amount, it will be penalised with a lower emission limit in the following period.

Industrialized nations made a commitment under the Kyoto Protocol to reduce their annual

hydrocarbon emissions by an average of 5.2 percent on a continuous basis beginning in 2012. This

figure would cover approximately 29% of the world's total ozone depleting chemical emissions.

However, targets were based on a single country. This suggested that each country had a secondary

target to accomplish by that year. Individuals from the European Union (EU) pledged to reduce

outflows by 8%, while the United States pledged to do even more. Canada committed to reducing its

emissions by 7% and 6%, respectively, by 2012.

The Kyoto Protocol classifies countries as developed or developing. He acknowledged that

industrialised countries are primarily responsible for the current high levels of greenhouse gas

emissions in the atmosphere, which are the product of the country's over 150 years of economic

activity and progress. As a result, developed nations have a greater share of the burden than less

developed nations, who evolved slowly and sustainably, rather than hurriedly, as developed

countries did. Although emerging countries are currently generating more pollution, if they do not

industrialise, they will fall behind and face several social and economic difficulties.

The Kyoto Protocol required 37 developed countries, in addition to the EU, to reduce their GHG

emissions. Emerging countries were intentionally sought for approval, and more than 100

agricultural nations, including China and India, were completely exempt from the Kyoto Protocol.

Throughout December 2012. Doha accord. Qatar has agreed to prolong the Kyoto Protocol until

2020. When the Paris Climate Agreement took effect in 2016, the US was a key driver of the

agreement, and President Obama lauded it as "a recognition of American leadership." Donald

Trump, then a presidential candidate, criticised the accord as a bad deal for the American public and

vowed to withdraw the US whenever he pleased. President Trump said in 2017 that the US would

withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement, claiming that it would undermine the US economy.

Regardless, the former president did not initiate the necessary withdrawal measures until Nov. 4,


The United States officially withdrew from the Paris Climate Agreement on Nov. 4, 2020, the day

after Donald Trump's re-appointment attempt was defeated by Joseph Biden. His first day in office

will be January 20, 2021. President Biden initiated the process for rejoining the Paris Climate

Agreement, which will conclude on Feb. 19, 2021. In 2021, the debate is still going strong but has

devolved into a complex quagmire including governmental issues. cash, a lack of initiative, an

inability to agree. as well as organisation. Today, despite concerted efforts and a few initiatives,

solutions to the problems of GHG emissions and dangerous atmospheric deterioration remain


Almost all environmental researchers now acknowledge that an unnatural weather shift is primarily

the result of human activity. Consistently then, at that time, whatever individuals have caused via

their behaviour should have the option of being remedied through people changing their behaviour.

Numerous people are disappointed that serious action to address the global environmental

emergency created by humans is currently unable to materialise.


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