Skip to main content

LAWS GOVERNING WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

LAWS GOVERNING WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION


INTRODUCTION 


In the Lok Sabha, the Weapons of Mass Destruction and Their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Amendment Bill, 2022, was unanimously passed.

In keeping with India's international obligations, the Bill proposes to amend the Weapons of Mass Destruction and Their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Act, 2005, to prohibit the financing of the spread of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems. 

India’s 2005 WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction ) Act defines:

  1. “Biological weapons” as “microbial or other biological agents, or toxins…of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; and weapons, equipment or delivery systems specially designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict”

  2.  “Chemical weapons” as “toxic chemicals and their precursors” except where used for peaceful, protective, and certain specified military and law enforcement purposes; “munitions and devices specifically designed to cause death or other harm through the toxic properties of those toxic chemicals”; and any equipment specifically designed for use in connection with the employment of these munitions and devices.


ORIGIN OF USAGE OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

The term "weapon of mass destruction" (WMD) was first coined in 1937 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, the leader of the Church of England, to refer to the aerial bombing of civilians in the Basque town of Guernica by German and Italian fascists in support of General Franco during the Spanish Civil War.


REASON FOR  2005 ACT AMENDMENT 

External Affairs Minister Jaishankar introduced the bill to amend the 2005 Act to prohibit the financing of the spread of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems, in accordance with India's international obligations. It empowers the government to freeze and take the assets of those who engage in such behaviour. According to the modifications, the Centre can take action to execute the law through whatever power it has assigned.


The need to amend the Act arose, according to the Bill's Statement of Objects and Reasons, because "recently, regulations relating to proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems by international organisations have expanded," and "the United Nations Security Council's targeted financial sanctions and the Financial Action Task Force's recommendations have mandated against financing of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction ."





REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE USE OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

A variety of international treaties and accords govern the use of chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons.

The Geneva Protocol, signed in 1925, prohibited the use of chemical and biological weapons; the Biological Weapons Convention, signed in 1972, and the Chemical Weapons Convention, signed in 1992, both established extensive bans on biological and chemical weapons.

Both the 1972 and 1992 treaties have been signed and ratified by India. Despite the fact that numerous countries have been accused of non-compliance, there are very few non-signatory countries to these treaties.

Treaties such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty govern the use and proliferation of nuclear weapons (CTBT).China, France, Russia, the US, and the UK are also among 191 states that signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Under the agreement, they have to reduce their stockpile of nuclear warheads and, in theory, are committed to their complete elimination



Comments

Popular posts from this blog

INCOME TAX SECTION 32AD - Investment in new plant or machinery in notified backward areas in certain States

 Description (1) Where an assessee, sets up an undertaking or enterprise for manufacture or production of any article or thing, on or after the 1st day of April, 2015 in any backward area notified by the Central Government in this behalf, in the State of Andhra Pradesh or in the State of Bihar or in the State of Telangana or in the State of West Bengal, and acquires and installs any new asset for the purposes of the said undertaking or enterprise during the period beginning on the 1st day of April, 2015 and ending before the 1st day of April, 2020 in the said backward area, then, there shall be allowed a deduction of a sum equal to fifteen per cent of the actual cost of such new asset for the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which such new asset is installed. (2) If any new asset acquired and installed by the assessee is sold or otherwise transferred, except in connection with the amalgamation or demerger or re-organisation of business referred to in clause (xiii)or cla

60 Minute Marriage Counselling Session On Phone

Description A 60 minute phone call with an expert Marriage\Relationship Counselor to discuss your marriage\relationship related issues. Counselling aims to resolve issues and improve communication in a relationship. Couples’ counselling works with both people in the relationship, however sessions can start with one individual, working towards the involvement of the other partner. What's Included a) 60 minute phone call with the counselor where you can discuss all your issues and seek guidance. What's Not Included a) Counselling session via meeting

Send Legal Notice for Divorce

 India being a secular country derives a large part of its laws from various religious practices. One such area of law is Divorce law of India. A divorce case in India can be initiated by either party based on the procedure relevant as per the law applicable to the parties. However, the procedure for divorce always starts with sending a legal notice.   Either party can send a legal notice to the other spouse intimating his/her intent to initiate legal proceedings for divorce. Sending a legal notice acts as a formal way of communication by one party to the other acting as a warning and at the same time creating chances for a last attempt for conciliation, if possible. Connect with an expert lawyer for your legal issue   What is a legal notice for divorce? A legal notice refers to a formal communication to a person or the opposite party in a case, informing him/her about one’s intention to undertake legal proceedings against him/her. Therefore, a legal notice for divorce is a formal inti