Refusing to register an FIR
A First Information Report, as the name suggests, is the first document that is formulated in a criminal proceeding. The information on the commission of an offence that is submitted to the police is contained in a FIR. On the basis of the FIR filed for a specific offence, the police begin their investigation. As a result, in terms of criminal law procedure, a FIR is quite important.
In terms of who has the power to register a FIR for a specific crime, it might be the victim, a friend or relative of the victim, or anybody else who has information that the crime has been committed. An informant is a person who tells the authorities on the committing of a crime.
The behavior of police personnel refusing to record a FIR, no matter how heinous it appears, is rather widespread. There might be a variety of causes, such as shielding the accused who are influential and have high contacts, harassing the impoverished victims, or public workers' reckless behaviour, to name a few. Whatever the cause, the victim is the one who suffers. When a victim who has previously suffered trauma as a result of the commission of an offence is refused the opportunity to file a complaint, the victim is forced to go through the ordeal all over again.
When a criminal offence is committed, the filing of a FIR is the initial step in initiating criminal proceedings, and hence the first step in pursuing justice. When an aggrieved individual is denied the right to file a complaint, he is effectively denied justice. There is no question that the law has offered different remedies to aggrieved individuals for the aforementioned conditions, but all of the running around to seek these remedies only to have the complaint filed can often delay justice to the point where it feels denied.
It is undeniable that this conduct by police officers is one of the most heinous acts of our legal system, because reporting a crime committed against someone is one of their most basic rights, which is paradoxically taken away by our defenders. This behaviour certainly leads to lawlessness, and it must thus be stopped.