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Types of defamation

 Types of defamation


Defamation can be divided into two categories:

  • Libel

  • Slender

Let's take a look at the many sorts of defamation.


Defamation via libel

It refers to defamation that damages an individual's, business group's, or other entity's reputation by producing a false representation in the form of a text, photograph, film, or other medium. This sort of defamation is usually of a permanent nature and attracts harsher penalties. This defamation occurs when an article is published in the newspaper, a remark is made on a social media site, and so on.

For example, a newspaper named "Z" may report that Mr. X has declared bankruptcy when, in fact, he has not. Be a result, this is referred to as libel defamation since it is a false assertion expressed in writing.


Only a smidgeon of slander

It refers to defamation in which a false statement is made by the use of spoken words or other transient forms, whether visual or audible, such as a sign, gesture, hissing, or other means. This sort of defamation usually results in civil penalties, and it can only be pursued if there is proof of genuine harm.

For Example: Mr. X questioned Z's virginity in an ongoing TV interview and made some seductive statements with his eyes in front of the camera. Slander now refers to a derogatory comment delivered vocally and with the use of gestures.

Before the aforementioned definitions, it becomes evident that the only difference between libel and slander is the manner in which the defamatory item is disseminated. Unlike British law, however, both libel and slander are treated equally in Indian law, and both are considered crimes under Section 499 of the IPC. The Bombay high court held in Hirabai Jehangir v. Dinshawdulji that there should be no distinction between libel and slander as criminal offences.


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