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Ubi Jus Ibi Remedium

 Ubi Jus Ibi Remedium

The law of tort is defined by acts that are considered civil wrongs, and the remedy for such wrongs is compensation/damages. Certain Latin maxims exist now, such as Injuria Sine Damnum, Damnum Sine Injuria, Ubi Jus Ibi Remedium, Volenti non fir injuria, and so on.

Damnum Sine Injuria: To put it another way, this maxim means "harm without hurt." Damage refers to monetary, health, and other types of losses, while harm refers to a violation of a legal right. This issue was considered in the case of Gloucester Grammar School Case, in which the plaintiff brought a lawsuit against a nearby educational institution. As a result, the plaintiff incurred a significant financial loss, and admissions to his institution were also reduced. There is no infringement of Plaintiff's legal right, hence no cause of action exists, according to the court.

Injuria Sine Damnum is a Latin adage that means "injury without harm." It is in violation of the principle of damnum sine injuria. According to this maxim, if someone has lost money as a result of someone else's actions but there has been no breach of his legal rights, there is no cause of action. What matters is the violation of a legal right to establish a cause of action.

Ubi Jus Ibi Remedium: This maxim is closely linked to the principle of damnum sine injuria. The term jus refers to legal authority, hence ubi jus ibi remedium means "where there is a right, there is a remedy." The terms "right" and "remedy" are interchangeable. If someone has a right to anything, then there must be some type of remedy available in the event that that right is violated. The circuit court of appeals of the United States stated in the well-known case of Leo Feist v. Young: "It is an essential maxim of equity of jurisprudence, and there is no injustice without a remedy."

If a person's legal rights are violated, he or she has the right to seek redress in a court of law, provided that the right is legal. Moral or religious rights cannot be enforced.

Essentials:

  • This maxim only applies where the right at issue is legal.

  • Only when an unlawful conduct violates a person's legal rights does a cause of action exist.

  • The maxim 'damnum sine injuria' will be applied if there is no legal injury to the person.

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